Topic outline

  • .


    • General introduction


      Welcome message

      Welcome to the module of Pedagogy and Instructional for Secondary School Teachers. This module which is designed for your professional development will be offered in a blended mode of learning. All details of the course can be found within the module and the online course site. We look forward to helping you and making sure you have an enjoyable and successful learning.

      Intended Learning outcomes

      By the end of this module, you should be able to:

      1)     Demonstrate a deep understanding of key theories and principles underlying the process of teaching and learning and apply them in the classroom setting;

      2)     Plan relevant instructional materials aligned with the competence-based curriculum for effective teaching and learning;

      3)     Use effectively the designed plans and instructional materials to facilitate learners’ learning ;

      4)     Innovate teaching and learning practices that enhance learners’ learning;

      5)     Demonstrate a positive professional attitude towards teaching, learning and assessment.


      1. Dr. Gabriel NIZEYIMANA 

      2. Mr. Valens NGARUKIYE

    • UNIT 1: Fundamental theories and principles of learning and teaching and their application in classroom setting.



      Learning has been defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as the result of prior experience. It is thus a mental activity of acquiring knowledge, skills, habits, attitudes and values needed in one’s everyday life. This is the purpose of education in general, and of teaching in particular.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

      -        Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental theories and principles  of teaching and learning;

      -        Explain the relationship between and principles of learning and teaching;

      -        Apply the key learning and teaching theories as well as related key principles in the classroom setting; theories

      -        Value the importance of learning theories and principles of teaching.

      • Notes for Unit 1 File Uploaded 5/03/21, 14:52
    • UNIT 2: Competence-based curriculum implementation in the classroom


      intro In today’s fast changing world, different educational systems are striving to train employees who are equipped with relevant knowledge, skills and attitudes. This unit introduces you to deep understanding of the Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) and the way it can be effectively implemented in Rwanda. This leads to having competent and competitive citizens who will contribute to the socio-economic development of the country.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

      -        Demonstrate a clear understanding of the concepts of competence and competence-based curriculum;

      -        Help the learners in developing necessary competences and address the cross-cutting issues through teaching and learning and assessments;

      -        Value cross cutting issues embedded in Rwandan CBC;

      -        Apply different CBC principles-based teaching, learning and assessment.

    • UNIT 3: Planning for effective teaching and learning



      Planning for effective teaching and learning is a relevant activity that precedes the teaching and learning process.  For the effectiveness of the process of teaching and learning, the teacher must plan his/her teaching activities on a regular basis. In this unit you will come across the rationale of lesson planning, the teacher’ s required pedagogical documents and their use, the teacher and the learners’ collaboration in the development of instructional materials and teaching aids.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

      ·       Value the rationale for planning teaching and learning activities;

      ·       Plan competence-based lesson

      ·       Develop schemes of work and other pedagogical documents;

      ·       Develop and use instructional materials and

      ·       Involve the learners in the instructional material development.

    • Unit 4: active learning and teaching



      Rwanda Education Board(2015: 19)’s curriculum framework, states that “the curriculum must address learners’ individual needs, interests, abilities and backgrounds, creating an environment where learning activities are organized in a way that encourages learners to construct knowledge either individually or in groups in an active way.” Therefore, the teacher needs to apply various active techniques that will enable learners to learn effectively. This unit focuses on the role of the teacher and learners in active teaching and learning, motivation and engagement, active teaching and learning techniques, and classroom management.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

      •        Be aware of your role and that of learners in active learning and teaching;

      •        Elaborate tips to motivate and engage students in their learning;

      •        Apply active teaching and learning techniques in the lesson delivery;

      •        Put into practice the best strategies that help in the classroom management;

      •        Value the use of active teaching and learning techniques in the lesson delivery.

    • Unit 5: Innovative and creative skills for teachers



      Teachers need to use various methods, techniques and different teaching aids and materials to enhance the teaching and learning process. Learners and teachers should value innovation and creativity to avoid routines which demotivate learners. Thus, teachers have to keep in mind that innovation and creativity is their only weapon to avoid such kind of routines. For a teacher, the development of local available materials, which is one aspect of improvisation, facilitates deep understanding of the lesson by learners. This unit covers improvisation skills, lifelong learning, innovation and creativity in teaching and learning.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

      -        Produce locally available materials in close collaboration with learners;

      -        Effectively use the teaching aids developed using locally available materials.

      -        Keep eagerness as the habit of being updated vis-à-vis mastery of the content, methods and strategies of learning and teaching.

      -        Initiate creative and innovative methods and strategies to improve the teaching and learning process.

    • Unit 6: ICT Integration in teaching, learning and assessment

      Unit 6



      For the teacher to be updated and enhance students’ learning, the integration of ICT in teaching and learning is essential and requires teachers to have and use basic ICT skills. This increases learner’s participation, motivation and engagement. As education has to respond to society needs, it should be accessed by everyone from everywhere and at any time. In the today unpredictable world (e.g. emergency caused by Covid-19 pandemic), e-learning facilitates distance learning through e-learning platforms and blended courses. In line with this, the unit explores how ICT can be used to enhance teaching and learning in general and assessment in particular in the today’s teaching context. Topics such as basic ICT skills for teachers, enhancing the students’ learning through ICT, initiation to the teaching and learning through e-learning platforms as well as practice on the use of e-learning platforms will be covered.

      Learning outcomes

      By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

                 -        Demonstrate a clear understanding of ICT basic skills and their integration into the teaching and learning process;

      -        Use different online platforms for teaching and learning purposes;

      -        Apply different ICTs in the process of  assessment;

      -        Value the importance of using ICT in teaching and learning.