TTC NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS, 2017
OPTION: - SOCIAL STUDIES EDUCATION (TSS)
AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION (TSM)
- EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION (ECE)
DURATION: 3 HOURS
Write your names and index number on the
answer booklet as written on your registration form, and DO NOT write your names and index
number on additional answer sheets of paper if provided.
Do not open this question paper until you are
told to do so.
consists of three sections: A, B and C
A: Reading comprehension and vocabulary (30marks)
B: Grammar and phonology (30marks)
Section C: Composition (20marks)
4) Use only a blue or black pen.
READING COMPREHENSION AND VOCABULARY (30 marks)
BACK - NESTLING
African mothers carry their babies on their backs. Sometimes these mothers have
no other alternative. Many do so out of preference.
This is a custom which has its
disadvantages when overdone. People in Asian, South America and some other
parts of the world also carry their babies on their backs, but not in quite the
same way the Africans do. Others carry their babies on their backs but African
mothers really nestle their babies on their backs. In some instances, such
babies spend more hours on the back than off it.
back is a warm and safe place for the baby and it also keeps him in close
contact with the mother or whoever is carrying him. This makes for a strong
sense of security. When a mother has the problem of no baby – sister, it is a
way out. For the trader or market woman, who is out all day, it is a way of
keeping the baby and mother together. Some people, especially the older
generation, believe that when a child has fever, this is an advantage in back –
nestling him because with the child in that position, you can notice any
changes quickly. For instance, if the child suddenly goes into fits of
convulsion, you will become aware of it right away.
as in all aspects of life, too much of any good thing can be harmful. In order that all or any
advantage may be gained from back – nestling, it should not be overdone. Even
in the cases of women who must carry their babies with them everywhere, they
should be encouraged to set their babies free every time they have the opportunity and they need to use their
limbs. During the very hot months, the less of it done, the better for the mother
and the child. Back – nestling can be wonderful, but do it only when it is
– nestling, while being a most natural solution sometimes, also has its
drawbacks. For a baby who is in that position all the time, life soon becomes
very stifling, especially when he gets to this interesting stage of active
movement. It is natural for a baby to want to get around, and do the things
demanded of him for development, but he cannot do this when he is all strapped
up. As a result of being confined to
one position, his range of perception is limited.
in a case where the mother is on the move, such as when she is walking along,
the baby cannot observe as well as retain much because his powers of focusing
and concentration are not developed yet, and therefore, his powers of
observation are also limited. The market women who carry their babies with them
everywhere have no satisfactory alternatives. One can only hope that they try
to give their babies as much freedom as possible when they themselves are
sitting down either in their homes or work places.
I find most unreasonable is when babies are nestled on the back all day long as
a line of least resistance: when adults feel that the baby is safest away from
the ground, quieter, and likely to sleep longer. This attitude may be
understandable (if not quite orthodox) when the baby is in his first few
months, but when it is not imperative and the practice is continued indiscriminately
through the baby’s active periods of growth, then this is unfair on the baby.
once visited the home of a friend during midmorning. She was out and her old
‘Mama-nurse’ was carrying her eleven-month-old baby on the back. The child was
not asleep and he was showing signs of being restless and wanting to be set
down. Mama-Nurse refused to set him down "because" she said, "he
will only turn this whole place upside down." I persuaded her to let me
chat with him, so he was set down. He was a sweet, normal baby with lots of
bubbling energy which he was not allowed to use.
the child did not have any toys to play with, I asked ‘Mama-Nurse’ to get us
various items from the kitchen. The boy sat down right away, and it was fun to
watch him. He picked up each item in turn an examined it carefully, then he
started hitting the pots with the spoon. They gave different sounds, and that
fascinated him. He went from pot to egg cartons and he chuckled all the time.
After a while I got up to go and she came with me to the door and said
"The baby loves making a lot of noise and now I am sure we shall have a
big job keeping track of all the pots and pans in this house." You just
cannot win with these old nurse-maids, can you?
–back –nestling induces a child to sleep too much. This does not make for
mental alertness. With a baby tucked
away thus, you do not have much chance of stimulating his senses and instincts.
He is so inactive for so long that after a while he gets used to just sitting
and letting the world go by. This could be the beginning of a lack of
confidence, of curiosity, and of initiative; a lack of the desire to explore
the world around him, and of a desire to create.
questions (12 marks)
do many African mothers carry their babies on their backs?
Because they have
known it is good for their babies.
Because they don’t
want to lose the baby.
Because they have to
and prefer to.
Because they want to
stimulate the baby’s natural development
main idea of the passage is that
Back-nestling is good
to some extent.
common in Africa, Asia and South America.
Back-nestling is only
a good thing.
writer says that
babies should be set down.
Babies should be
carried on the back whenever possible.
Babies should be
carried only on their mother’s back whenever possible.
Babies should never
be set down except by their mother.
chief argument against too much back-nestling is that
It is dangerous
It tires the mother
It prevents the baby
from developing normally.
It tires the baby
writer thinks that a market-woman
Always has to have
her baby on her back.
Is incapable of
bringing up her babies properly.
Should give her baby
as much freedom as possible whenever she sits down.
Should stay at home
so her baby can be free to explore the world.
to the passage, over –back –nestling induces:
Curiosity and desire
Desire to explore the
the underlined words and combinations with the words and expressions given
To explore, chat, in turn, to retain, range of perception, to
overdo, to hit, to have confidence in someone, restless, fit, to chuckle, to
We had a long friendly
talk about unimportant things.
Have you kept
anything in mind after this lesson?
Be patient, all the
customers will be served one after the other .
Don’t worry that your
baby is never still or quiet, he is exploring the world.
You should work hard
but don’t do too much of it and make yourself ill.
The young woman fell
down in a sudden attack of an illness.
discovered an inhabited island in the sea, but they didn’t travel all over
it to examine it thoroughly.
This road is very
dangerous; there is always a risk of being struck by a falling stone.
My parent trust me
What caused the
chief to accept the trip in a plane?
He was laughing
What is the
largest distance at which we can see and hear?
the meaning of the following words as used in the
SECTION B: GRAMMAR AND
PHONOLOGY / 30 marks
1) Rewrite these sentences by keeping the
believe that the son always gets good marks at school.
Start with: The son........
b) She didn’t know whom to contact. She lost
c) I don’t know what Moses is doing
now”. He said.
Start with: He said ...
d) Eric gets angry if you do not visit him.
with: Unless ...
e) ‘Stay in bed for a few days.’
Rewrite: The Doctor told me ...
f) He reported them to the headmaster as soon
as he came back.
Start: No sooner ...
If it is done soon, It will be better.
Start: The ... the ...
Mary is very short. She cannot touch the ceiling.
Rewrite using ‘too ... to’.
2) Choose the best option to complete the sentences (8marks)
a) By the end of 2019, I.....
i) I shall get married ii) I shall have got married
iii) I get married iv) I shall be getting married
I......you dancing last Sunday in the church.
i) have seen ii)
would see iii) saw iv) had seen
the food you are cooking.....good; I am eager to eat it now. (smell, is smelling,
father knows many things about England and he always talks about because
he.....to Manchester three times (has gone, goes, has been, was going)
mother complained that it was a long time...... (when she saw me, since she had
seen me, when she has seen me, since she has seen me)
f) She ate
…. meat last night reason why she has stomachache. (much too, too much)
g) John and Albert are clever. But Peter
is….in the class. (clever, the cleverest,
the clever, cleverest)
h) There were so many …….. this
morning. (passers-by, passer-bys,passer’s-by)
3) Order the following words to make a
4) Put these words into three
groups depending on the pronunciation
of the underlined vowels(6marks)
feel, cyclone, seat, pill, sight, eye,
key, sickle, ship, be, guide, city.(2
marks for each correctly covered column).
Group A Group B Group C
/ i / / i: / / ai /
5) Which word is stressed differently from the three
I) a) handsome b)
e-learning c) city d) referee
II) a) learning b) historic c) interesting d) message
III) a) communicate b) eradicate c)
IV) a) parade b) seventeen c)cinema
SECTION C: COMPOSITION (20 Marks)
Write an essay on
one of the topics below
Suppose you have
finished your secondary school studies and you need a job. Write a letter to
the mayor of your district applying for a job.
If you became the Minister of Labor in Rwanda,
discuss strategies you would apply in order to reduce unemployment rate.
Discuss and bring
solutions about Africans migration to Europe.
Suppose that you have
a private primary school and you need books from the Ministry of Education.
Write a letter to the Minister requesting him to support your school with
N.B: write on behalf of:
KINTOBO Primary school
P.O BOX 80 KINIGI