Topic outline

  • PART I :SOCIAL STUDIES :Unit 1:My family

    1.1. Our home

    a) Our house



    1. How many houses have you seen here?

    2. Which house have you liked?

    A house has different parts.
    It has:
     • A roof
     • Doors
     • Windows

     • Walls

    Activity 1.1
    1. How do we call these building materials?
    2. Build a common hut.
    Needed materials
    1. Manila paper
    2. Glue


    (a) Take the manila paper that you have prepared and divide it into four equal small parts and two more other parts. Cut 
    again from the manila paper two a bit bigger parts. Use one of them to make a large door
    (b) Cut one part and make a door
    (c) Cut another part and make windows.


    (d) Put them together to make a common hut


    (e) Shade the door and windows

    Exercise 1
    1. Complete the following sentences:
    (a) A……………… a place where people live (home, 
    forest, school). 
    (b) Name two parts of a house.
    …………………….. ………………………
    2. We build houses using …………..... (chalk, grass, stones, 
    3. People live in the house to protect themselves from …………
    animals (wild, domestic).

    Construction materials for houses

    Houses are built with different materials






    Activity 1.2

    1. Draw a house built using:



    The uses of our house
    Ask your classmate how life can be without houses.
    Houses are important.
    For example:

    (a) We sleep in houses.


    (b) They protect us against wild animals.


    (c) They protect us against thieves.


    (d) We keep our materials in houses


    The importance of household items

    The items which are in our house have various importance. 



    Activity 1.3

    1. Complete the table below:



    Exercise 2

    1. The roof of this house is built of what? _____________ 

    (Grass, iron sheets)


    2. This house is built with? ____________


    3. We sleep on a_______________________ which is in the 

    house. (bed, chair)


    1.2. The family members 
    What is the name of your father?
    What is the name of your mother?
    Do you have brothers?
    The father is the head of a family 
    The mother is the assistant head of a family
    The children help them at home

    The nuclear family is a family with:

    •  The father
    •  The mother
    •  The children
    Read the following                   A
    My name is Misago.                        M
    My sister is called Muhuza. 
    We live in Kiyovu in the City of Kigali. 
    We live together with our parents. 
    My mother is called Kwizera.
    My father is called Nyarugunga.
    Draw one of the family members.

    Color your drawing.

    How many are you in your family? Give the names of your family members.

    1.3. Roles and responsibilities of family members
    All of us are born in a family. We have family members. What do you do to help your parents?

    Roles and responsibilities of the parents (my father and 
    Our parents have the following roles and responsibilities:
    (a) Improving the wellbeing of the family.
    (b) Paying school fees
    (c) Working for the family and feeding it
    (d) Looking after the children 
    Buying medicine
    Building the shelter

    To protect the family


    Roles and responsibilities of the children
    We have to do the following:

    (a) A child is washing plates.


    b) Properly studying.


    (c) Respecting parents and other people.
    Sweeping the house
    Mopping the house 

    Cooking food

    Activity 1.4
    1. It is good to help parents? (Yes/No)

    2. What do you do to help them?

    1.4. The nuclear family
    The nuclear family is made up of the father, mother and children.

    Mukire is the husband of Mutima.

    Kamikazi is the elder sister of Uwera.
    Uwera is the young sister of Kamikazi.
    Cyusa is the elder brother of Gisa.
    Cyusa and Gisa are brothers of Kamikazi and Uwera.

    Kamikazi and Uwera are sisters of Cyusa and Gisa.


    Exercise 3
    1. Fill in with the missing letters.
    My yo_____brother
    My el_____ sister
    2. Families should not ________ (love, fight)
    3. Mukire is the husband of ………………………….
    4. ……………. Is the elder sister of Uwera
    5. When there is ________ (peace, enemies), we live in happiness.

    The nuclear family relationship tree
    Exercise 4
    1. The name of my father is…………
    2. The father of my father is my………
    3. Mutesi is the sister of ………………….
    4. ………… the grandmother of Keza

    5. Who is agrand father …………………………….

    The benefits of a nuclear family

    1. Parents buy for us school materials.


    2. Family members protect us.

    3. They give us food.

    4. They provide us with shelter.

    6. They take us to the hospital.

    7. They teach us the values of the Rwandan culture

    Activity 1.5

    1. Pay a visit to one of your classmates.
    a)  Ask him or her the following questions:
    i) How many children are you at home?
    ii) Name the materials your house is built of.
    (b) Which kind of house have you seen at your neighbor’s home?
    (c) Give the names of your two parents/guardians.

    2. Draw and shade the house seen below.


    List of words
    Read these words aloud
    (a) A nuclear family
    (b) Grandfather
    (c) Parents
    (d) Our house
    (e) Grand mother
    (f) Uncle
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  • UNIT 2:National symbols

    National symbols are the symbols that help distinguish one country 
    from another.

    Why do we sing the national anthem at school?
    Rwanda National symbols are the following:
    (a) The national anthem                     (b) The national flag

    (c) The national Coat of arms

    2.1. The national anthem
    Activity 2.1
    Sing aloud the national anthem “Rwanda Nziza” in the classroom.

    The national anthem of our country is called RWANDA NZIZA.


    Let us sing the national anthem.

    Rwanda nziza gihugu cyacu, 
    Wuje imisozi ibiyaga n’ibirunga, 
    Ngobyi iduhetse gahorane ishya, 
    Reka tukurate tukuvuge ibigwi, 
    Wowe utubumbiye hamwe twese, 
    Abanyarwanda uko watubyaye, 
    Berwa, sugira, singizwa iteka.

    Horana Imana murage mwiza, 

    Ibyo tugukesha ntibishyikirwa, 
    Umuco dusangiye uraturanga, 
    Ururimi rwacu rukaduhuza, 
    Ubwenge, umutima, amaboko yacu, 
    Nibigukungahaze bikwiye,
    Nuko utere imbere ubutitsa.

    Abakurambere b’intwari, 

    Bitanze batizigama,
    Baraguhanga uvamo ubukombe, 
    Utsinda ubukoroni na mpatsibihugu, 
    Byayogoje Afurika yose,
    None uraganje mu bwigenge, 
    Tugukomeyeho uko turi twese.

    Komeza imihigo Rwanda dukunda,

    Duhagurukiye kukwitangira, 
    Ngo amahoro asabe mu bagutuye,
    Wishyire wizane muri byose, 
    Urangwe n’ishyaka, utere imbere, 
    Uhamye umubano n’amahanga yose,

    Maze ijabo ryawe riguhe ijambo.

    2.2. The Rwanda national flag

    Activity 2.2


    Rwanda national flag is number ………………….?
    Name the three colours of the Rwanda national flag. ..................................

    ....................................................... .......................................................

    The national flag of our country is made up of three colors:
    (a) Blue has a golden-yellow 24-pointed sun in the upper right fly 
    (b) Yellow

    (c) Green


    We raise the national flag at school.
    The same flag is also found at the cell office, district office, hospital , 

    airport, and in other important places.


    Explanation of the Rwanda national flag colors


    Activity 2.3
    1. Draw the national flag and show its colors.

    2. Give the colors of the Rwanda national flag in order.

    Exercise 5
    A puzzle game

    Choose the colors of the Rwanda national flag.


    List of words
    Read these words aloud
    (a) The national anthem
    (b) The national flag

    2.3. The national coat of Arms
    The national coat of Arms is a symbol that shows the national motto. 
    The Rwanda National Motto ‘UNITY, WORK, PATRIOTISM.’

    Activity 2.4

    Give the Rwanda national motto

  • UNIT 3:School leaders and school symbols

    These days, we go to school to study.
    Every school has its own leaders.
    They are called school leaders

    3.1. School leadership
    Draw your school. Give the name of the head teacher and the 
    names of your teachers.
    a) The school head teacher
    He/she is the overall coordinator of all the school activities.
    What is the name of our head teacher?
    b) The school deputy head teacher
    He/she assists the school head teacher. 
    c) The school bursar
    He/she manages the school property and pays workers.
    d) The school secretary
    He/she has the responsibility of writing and replying letters.
    e) The school dean/director of discipline
    He/she is in charge of discipline of pupils
    Exercise 6
    1. Use a tick (✓) if the leader is available and (x) if he or she is 
    not available at your school.
    2. Will you become a school leader?
    3. If you become a school leader, what can you do?
    3.2. The school symbols
    A school has its symbols and motto. 
    a) A school anthem
    Do you know your school anthem?
    Activity 3.1
    These are Ngabire and Hakizimana. They are singing their school anthem.
    b) The school uniform

    Are these pupils smart?

    c) The school badge

    The school badge shows a given school. It is put on pupils’ school uniforms.



    d) The school motto
    The school motto is a statement showing the school aims 
    Look at the following picture.

    Give the motto written on the sign post below:
    Exercise 7
    1. (a) Our school head teacher is called_________
    (b) Your teacher is called_________
     2. What is the color of your school uniform?
     3. Sing your school anthem.
     4. Read aloud these words:
     (a) The school leader            (b) The school uniform
     5. Talk about the school badge. 

    List of words
    Read these words aloud
    (a) School head teacher
    (b) Deputy school head teacher
    (c) Dean of discipline
    (d) School motto
    (e) School uniform

  • UNIT 4:Hygiene

    (e) Apply oil on yourself.

     Put on clean clothes.

    4.1. Personal Hygiene

    Look at the following pictures.
    The proper ways of cleaning the whole body 
    Bathing is good because it helps us be clean.
    We have to bathe every day the whole body.

    For what do we use the following items?
    The ways we clean our body
    We use:                                                                  

    • Razor blade                                                      • Nail cutter  

    • Tooth brush                                                       • Tooth paste

     • Clean water                                                      • Soap    

    • Towel                                                                   • Comb

    (a) Cleaning the head.
    (b) Cleaning the remaining parts. Use clean water and soap.
    (c) Clean the feet well.

    (d) Wipe your body well with a towel.

    A child wiping himself with a clean towel
    (e) Apply oil on yourself. Put on clean clothes.

    Exercise 8

    1. I clean my body by using ______ and _________. 

    2. I wipe my body with ___________. 

    3. Fill in with letters.
    (a) Hygie_
    (b) Soa_
    (c) Bod_

    (d) Basi_ 

    The hygiene of hands and feet
    Fingers and feet are parts of our body. We have to clean often our hands.

    We do a lot of things with our hands.

    What are these children doing with their hands?


    Steps of washing the hands 

    (a) Put water and soap in your hands


    (b) Cleanse yourself thoroughly.



    Activity 4.2
    Take a basin full of water. Show how to wash the hands.

    The hygiene of feet

    Our feet are very important. 


    We have to always wash our feet and dry them. This helps us:
    • Walk
    • Run

    • Playing

    Use clean water and soap.
    Wipe your feet properly with a towel.

    Do you wash your feet before going to bed? Yes/ no

    The hygiene of face and ears
    1. Face

    Wash your face every day.


    If you have an eye illness, consult an eye doctor.

    Our eyes help us see things, people and places.


    We should remember
    When we notice our classmate with an eye illness, we should help him or her. 

    We should not discriminate him or her.

    2. Ears

    Ears helps us hear

    We should care for our eyes.
    When you clean your ears, use warm water and a dry and clean piece 
    of cloth.

    Use a small clean cotton.

    The following pictures show us how we should care for our ears.

    Note the following:

    1. Do not put anything in your ears.


    2. Visit a doctor when you are sick.


    Activity 4.3
    1. Use the following to clean your ears.

    (a) Warm water

    (b) A clean piece of cloth

    2. Show how you can care for someone who has an ear illness.

    The hygiene of mouth

    Give the use of the mouth.

    We use a mouth to speak and eat.

    The mouth has to be always clean. 



    (a) Properly brush all your teeth, inside and outside. Do not forget 
    to clean the tongue.
    Steps of brushing teeth
    Use this example at home to brush your teeth.

    (b) Spit out the toothpaste and then cleanse with clean water.


    c) Cleaning teeth using a stick


    Activity 4.4
    Take the following:
    (a) Toothpaste
    (b) Toothbrush
    (c) Clean water
    Show how you use these three items for proper care of your teeth.

    The importance of the personal hygiene

    Through a mirror, look at yourself. Are your eyes, arms and head 

    clean? How do you feel when you are dirty?

    The importance of the personal hygiene.

    (a) We shall not transmit each other with germs.


    (b) We will have fresh mouth smell.


    (c) We will have clean hands


    (d) We will be smart.


    4.2. Hygiene of casual clothes and school uniform

    I know how to wash clothes



    Steps of washing clothes
    (a) Use clean water.
    (b) Sock clothes in clean water.
    (c) Wash these clothes with water and soap.
    (d) Cleanse them in clean water.
    (e) Dry them

    These children have put on clean clothes.
    The importance of cleaning clothes
    1. It makes them clean.
    2. It removes bad smell.
    3. It makes you look smart.
    4. It kills parasites in clothes.
    Exercise 9
    1. What parts of the body that are cleaned using the following items?
    2. Complete sentences with Yes or No. The first question is 
     (a) Brushing teeth can cause you problems. No.
    (b) Cleaning teeth with a tooth stick removes food remains 
    from the teeth.__________
    (c) Dim light can damage your eyes………………………….
    (d) The body hygiene makes us feel healthy ...……………...
    (e) We have to clean our teeth thrice per week ………….
    3. With the help of your teacher, make groups and wash the 
    following types of clothes:
     (a) Socks
     (b) Vests
     (c) School uniform

    List of words

    Read these words aloud

    (a) Arms
    (b) Body
    (c) Feet
    (d) Eyes
    (e) Ears
    (f) Mouth

    (g) Teeth

    Puzzle game
    Count circles that are made up of:
    (a) Green
    (b) Yellow
    (c) Blue

    (d) Red


  • UNIT 5:Hygiene at home and at school

    5.1. Hygiene at home

    Look at these pictures. 


    Which of these houses is clean? Give reasons.

    Put atick on a ……....................... or b……....................... 

    Which material do you use while maintaining hygiene at home?
    While keeping hygiene at home, we use the following:

    1. Broom


    2. Mop


    3. Water


    At home, we maintain hygiene:

    (a) Sitting room


    We have to clean sitting room chairs properly.

    (b) In the dinning room


    We have to clean our table.

    (c) In the kitchen


    (d) In the toilet

    When the toilet is clean, can you feel the bad smell? ... yes or no


    We have to remove wastes and put them into the dustbin.


    We do not have to litter wastes everywhere.

    We have to clean properly our home. 

    Activity 5.1

    Plant a tree and name it.

    We have to water our tree every day.
    Make a follow up of its growth.

    What do you expect to harvest from it after its growth?

    5.2. Hygiene at school
    What do you do when you notice wastes at school?

    We have to sweep and mop the classroom every day.

    A dirty classroom can cause us diseases.

    We have to pick wastes at school and put them into the dustbin.


    We have to water flowers at school. 


    Go to water flowers.
    A clean toilet prevents diseases.

    School toilets have to be cleaned every day.


    The importance of hygiene at school

    1. It makes the classroom clean.


    2. Helps to avoid diseases.
    3. We live a happy life.
    4. It helps us study properly.
    5. It makes us play in a clean place.
    Exercise 10
    1. We have to______ our table after meals. (clean, water)
    2. We help our parents _________ plates. (mop, clean) after 
    3. Wastes are littered into_________ (toilet, compost manure).

    4. We have to ___________the tall grass. (cut, plant)

    Activity 5.2
    1. Look at different items that are used in maintaining hygiene at home.

    2. Look at the water in a glass. Which water can you drink?
    3. Pick the wastes and mop where they were, clean the table and 
    the cupboard.

    Tell others what you have done and how you have done it.

    List of words
    Read these words aloud
    (a) Hygiene at home 

    (b) Hygiene at school

    Puzzle game
    Semana and Uwera have each of them four balls.
    They have been told to kick the ball towards the goal. How 
    many goals will they score using these balls if all the goals are scored? 

  • UNIT 6:Infectious and non-infectious 6 diseases

    6.1. Infectious diseases

    Activity 6.1


    Nirere suffers from influenza.

    Between Umurisa and Kazungu who can be easily infected?

    Activity 6.2
    Have you ever been infected with influenza?

    How have you been infected?

    Some of examples of infectious diseases:
    1. Influenza 
    Have you ever been infected with influenza?

    When you suffer from influenza, you have mucus. You also sneeze.


    Someone who is suffering from influenza has to do the following:

    (a) Have enough rest.


    (b) Drink a lot of water, juice and soup.

    (c) Eat a lot of fruit and vegetables.


    2. Tuberculosis
    Have you ever seen someone who is suffering from tuberculosis?
    Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis

    (a) Coughing for a long time. 


    (b) Sweating during night.
    (c) Becoming too slim.

    Prevention of tuberculosis

    (a) Living in a house that has enough air.
    (b) Being vaccinated.

    (c) Eating balanced diet.


    3. Cholera 
    It is transmitted through dirty water.

    Signs and symptoms of cholera

    Have you ever seen a person suffering from cholera?
    How was he or she? He/she is characterized by:
    (a) Diarrhea
    (b) Vomiting

    (c) High temperature


    Ways of preventing cholera
    (a) Washing hands after toilet and before meals.
    (b) Drink boiled water.

    (c) Having hygiene of food and drinks.


    What is this child doing?


    Which diseases can he spread?

    Activity 6.3
    1. What causes cholera?
    2. State three ways how we can avoid cholera.

    ………. ….......... ………………… ………...............…. 

    6.2. Non infectious diseases 
    These are some of non-infectious diseases:
    a) Depression
    Look at these pictures:


    Who looks depressed?
    A child who is depressed:
    • He/she lacks sleep.
    • He / she lacks happiness.

    • He/she is always tired.

    b) Diabetes
    It is a disease that is caused by too much sugar in the body. 
    A person who suffers from diabetes:
    • He/she suffers from incurable wounds.
    • He/she is always thirsty.

    • He/she always needs to go to toilet.

    Activity 6.4
    1. Give a non- infectious disease and two of its signs and symptoms, and how to avoid it.

    2. Look at these pictures:


    Which of the above pictures show non-infectious diseases.

    3. Colour these pictures.


    List of words
    (e) Cholera
    (e) Typhoid
    (f) Cancer

    Read these words aloud

    (a) Influenza 
    (b) Tuberculosis 
    (c) Asthma 
    (d) Depression

  • UNIT 7:Living in harmony and well

    7.1. Living in harmony at home
    Ask your classmate the following:

    What are the benefits of living in harmony for us?

    The sources of living in harmony at home are following:

    (a) Sharing.


    (b) Working together.


    (c) Taking children to school.


    (d) Solving problems peacefully.


    (d) Welcoming guests


    Activity 7.1
    1. Show how you can behave at school.

    2. How can you live in harmony with others at home?

    The importance of living in harmony at home
    1. Living in harmony at home provides love.

    Does the father of this child have love? Why?


    2. Children go to school being happy.


    3. When we live in harmony, we make progress.

    4. There is too much happiness in family.


    Exercise 11
    1. Living in harmony at home is good. (Yes/No).
    2. Fill in with an appropriate word.
    (i) A family which lives in harmony _______. (makes progress, is bad)
    (ii) When people live in harmony at home, children go to 
    school ____________. (being happy, being unhappy/angry)

    Activity 7.2
    State the dangers of not living in harmony in the family.

    7.2. Living in harmony at school
    The sources of living in harmony at school are the following:
    (a) Not abusing others.
    (b) Avoiding fighting with others.
    (c) Caring for the others’ school items.

    (d) Embracing and greeting each other.


    (e) Helping others when they are hurting.


    (f) Thanking someone who gives you something. This shows satisfaction.

    (g) Lending items from one another.


    heart Apologizing when someone makes a mistake. We should say: “I 

    am sorry. / Forgive me. / I apologize.”

    Activity 7.3
    Show the importance of living in harmony with others at school.

    The importance of living in harmony with others at school

    (a) Studying well.


    (b) Growing well and helping our families.

    Dangers of not living in harmony with others

    (a) Fighting.
    (b) Hatred due to lack of love.
    (c) Lack of development.
    (d) Loneliness.
    (e) Dropping out school.
    (f) Injuring your fellow classmates.
    (g) Pupils do not study well. 

    Exercise 12
    1. We have to live in harmony at school_______. (in fighting, in 
    studying well)

    2. Fighting at school is _________. (bad, good)

    Helping one another at home
    Show how you can help others at home.

    (a) Household activities. 


    Helping one another at school

    At school we lend one another pens, books, eraser…


    The importance of helping one another
    (a) It brings friendliness/togetherness.
    (b) It helps live in harmony.
    (c) It brings love.

    (d) It helps people work hard.


    (e) It brings good relationships among people.
    (f) It promotes mutual respect.

    (g) It brings luck.


    Dangers of not helping one another 

    Find out the dangers of not helping one another.

    Not helping one another:
    (a) It breaks friendliness at school.
    (b) It brings misunderstanding among people.
    (c) It brings hatred among people.

    (d) It prevents pupils from living in harmony at school.


    7.3. Sharing
    Do you share with your fellow pupils at school? What do you share 
    with them?
    It is good to share items or food everywhere.
    We can share the following:
    • Food
    • Drinks
    • Books
    • Balls

    The importance of sharing

    1. We love one another.
    2. It promotes unity.
    3. It brings harmony among people.
    4. People help each other during difficult times.

    5. It brings love.


    Dangers of not helping each other
    1. It causes hatred.
    2. It causes mistrust.
    3. It causes lack of cooperation between people.
    4. It causes trouble and lack of peace.

    7.4. Sexual violence

    Someone can be defiled.
    We have to say everything about it. We have to tell it to our parents/

    guardians, teachers and police.


    Avoiding defilement
    1. Do not walk alone during the night.
    2. Report bad people 
    3. Move in groups

    4. Avoid drugs.


    5. Do not receive gifts of people you do not know.

    Exercise 13

    1. State three things that we can share.
    2. We have to……. all the ways of defilement(condemn/cover)

    3. State three things you can do to help a poor neighbor.

    List of words
    Read these words aloud
    (a) Peace 
    (b) Living in harmony at school
    (c) Helping 
    (d) Helping one another
    (e) Sharing

    (f) Violence

  • Unit 8 :Politeness

    When somebody steps on you and does not apologize, how do you feel?

    8.1. Politeness towards your family members 

    (a) Helping the family members.

    (b) Asking for forgiveness when you make a mistake.


    (c) Thanking every person that helps you.

    (d) Sharing instead of being selfish.


    8.2. Politeness towards guests
    Ask your friend how he or she welcomes his or her guests.
    (a) We have to greet them.
    (b) We have to welcome them.
    (c) Helping them to carry the luggage.
    (d) Serving them food or drinks when they are available.
    (e) Conversing with them.
    (f) Appreciating them.

    (g) Accompanying them


    A child who is thanking a guest for a gift he has received from him

    Activity 8.1
    When these words are used?

    (a) Forgive me (b) Thank you     (c) We recommend that

    8.3. Politeness at the dining table
    When we are sharing food and drinks with others, we have to behave politely.
    When you are at the dining table, how do you behave?
    You have to be behave in the following way:

    (a) Do not take food yourself. Ask others to give it to you.


    (b) Do not speak with food in your mouth.


    (c) Do not be greedy.
    (d) Pray before eating.

    (e) Do not refuse to serve others food.


    (f) When you want to blow your nose, you have to say sorry. Go 
    outside and do it before returning back to the dining table.
    (g) When you have finished to eat, wash, spoons, cups etc.
    heart Clean the dining table.

    8.4. Politeness while speaking

    When you wake up what do you tell your parents?
    Being polite while speaking:

    (a) Greet every person you meet on your way.


    (b) In group, ask for the floor.
    (c) All the time, ask something politely. 
    (d) All the time, appreciate someone that helps you.
    (e) Do not backbite your fellow classmates.

    8.5. Politeness on the way

    When you meet an old person on your way, can you give way to him/her?
    These are the ways we have to behave on our way:
    (a) When you are in car, give your seat to an old person.
    (b) All the time, give way.
    (c) Do not run on road.

    (d) Do not play on the road.


    (e) Look at both the right and left sides before crossing the road.


    (e) Do not play on the road because you can be knocked.


    8.6. Politeness in a place where there are many people
    Have you ever gone to place with many people?
    What did you go to do there?
    These are the ways you have to behave in such a place:

    (a) Being polite.


    (b) Speaking politely.

    (c) Being smart. 


    (d) Cover your mouth when you sneeze.


    (e) Put the wastes in the dustbin


    (f) Take your fellow classmate aside and talk to him or her.


    (g) Say “thank you” when you have finished to eat

    Activity 8.3
    1. Show how you will behave towards old persons that you will meet on your way.

    List of words

    Read these words aloud
    (a) Politeness towards your family members
    (b) Politeness at the dining table
    (c) Politeness at home
    (d) Politeness on the way
    (e) Politeness in place where there are many people

    Puzzle game

    1. Draw and name the road sign below.


    2. Name two road signs shown in the picture.


  • UNIT 1:Family property

    9.1. Needs of a family

    Look at the following pictures.


    What are basic needs?

    These things are called basic needs.

    a) Food

    The following pictures show examples of food.


    Name the following examples of food.


    b) Clothes
    We put on clothes in order to protect us against wind and cold. Clothes 
    make us smart. These pictures show us some of the types of clothes that people can put on.

    What type of clothes have they put on?

    c) Home
    A home is a place where people live.

    A house is a shelter we live in. 



    Ways of caring for basic needs
    We should not waste food.
    We should serve ourselves food we can finish.

    We should iron our clothes.

    We must always wash our clothes.


    We must clean our home every day.


    Activity 9.1
    Name three ways we can get our basic needs


    9.2. Money
    The following pictures show some of the notes and coins that are used in Rwanda.


    Are there any other types of notes and coins that you know? 
    (yes or no)

    Sources of money

    Ask your friend how his or her parent gets of money.
    We get money from the following sources:
    (a) Saving
    (b) Domestic animals.
    (c) Trade (selling things).

    (d) Getting a loan from bank.


    (e) Salary or wages from temporary jobs.


    (e) Digging


    Make a box (saving tool box) in which you will be saving coins.

    Expenditures at home

    Activity 9.2
    (a) Choose any three items that you can buy if you have 1000 Rwandan francs.

    (b) Explain the reason why you have chosen these ones.

    (d) Mention ways how we use money at home.

    We use money when we buy the following things:
    (a) Home materials.

    Activity 9.3

    1. Draw the following items and shade them:
     (a) A table 
     (b) A radio
    2. What are the colors of the following chairs?

    3. Name and colour the following items:

    Proper management of money

    We spend money on many things.

    N      We have to use our money properly.
                                   Show the ways we use our money.

    We must use our money properly:

    (a) By saving. 

    (b) Without overspending

    9.3. Proper management of pupil’s personal and family properties
    Different types of pupil’s personal property

    These are Kariza and Mugisha. 


    Which color of shorts is Mugisha putting on?
    Which color of the dress is Kariza putting on?
    Mugisha is putting on the following clothes:
    (a) Shoes 
    (b) Short
    (c) Shirt
    (d) He has also a school bag in which there are school materials.
    All these things and a bicycle are the personal property of Mugisha.

    Kariza is putting on the following clothes:

    (a) Shoes 
    (b) Dress 
    (c) Socks and a tie 
    (d) She has also a school bag in which there are school materials
    The things that Mugisha has are his own property that he has been given.

    What Kariza has is also her own property.

    Even in their school bags they have their own properties.

    All the above materials are the personal properties of Kariza and Mugisha.

    Exercise 14

    1. List three school items

     (a) ________. (b) ________. (c) ________.

    Types of family property
    Which type of family property do you have at home?
    The family property is made up of the following:
    Exercise 15
    1. State three family property:

     (a) ________. (b) ________. (c) ________.

    Manage the personal property well
    Tell your fellow classmate your personal property.
    We should manage them properly. 

    (a) We must clean our shoes every day. 


    (b) Our clothes should always be clean. 


    (c) We should cover our books properly.


    (d) We should properly take care for our pens, rubber and rulers. We 
    need them for studying well..

     We should take care for household materials.

    Activity 9.4
    State how you take care for the family property.
    List of words
    Read these words aloud 
    (a) Money
    (b) Family house
    (c) Putting on clothes
    (d) Food
    (e) Personal property                
  • UNIT 10:Environment

    10.1. Directions
    Directions are used to show places and things
    Directions are used to show places where things or people are located. 

    Directions are four
    (i) Right            (ii) Left              (iii) In front/forward

    (iv) Behind/backward

    Activity 10.1 
    1. Two sticks 
    2. Rope 
    3. Four flashcards written on four directions.

    How they are made 

    (a) Sharpen sticks in order to show in front, behind, right and left.


    (b) Use the flashcards and show in front, behind, right and left.


    (c) Tie the two sticks using a rope.

    (d) Put each flashcard on the top of each stick. Look at the directions.

    Gatera is seated in front of Gatesi.
    Gatesi is seated behind Gatera.

    Look at the following picture. It shows the primary school of Huye.


    The school is at the right side of the road.

    Cows live at the left side of the church.

    Activity 10.2
    A child is showing where the sun rises from.
    (a) Here is _________.
    (b) The back is facing_________________.
    (c) The left hand shows___________________.

    (d) The right hand shows__________________.

    10.2. The way to school
    Main things that are located on the way to and from school
    What do you see on the way to home? Look at this picture. 

    Exercise 16
    1. Write what you see around our school.
    (a)______________ (b) _____________ (c) _________________.

    2. Draw and shade one thing that you see on your way to school.

    Some of the things we see on our way to school are:
    (a) River.

    (b) Bridge.


    (c) Hills


    (d) Banana plantation.


    (e) Shops.
    (f) Plains.
    (g) Village.

    Things that are located on the way to and from school

    (a) Bees
    Bees live in trees. We should not throw stones or sticks at beehives. 

    Bees can sting us and harm us.


    (b) Ants

    Ants are small insects. They can sting us when we step on them.


    (c) Cows
    There are aggressive cows that can attack you.

    It is bad to disturb such cows.


    (d) Dogs

    There are aggressive dogs that can attack you. Do not provoke them.

    (e) Snakes

    Snakes are dangerous. Do not walk in the bush.


    (f) Wasps and spiders
    We should avoid playing with wasps. They sting. On the other hand, spiders poison.
    (g) Thorny plants
    Certain plants have thorns. We should not touch thorny leaves while we are going to school.
    heart Poison apple

    Do not eat whatever you get.


    (i) Holes
    Where we pass by on our way to or from school, there can be holes. 
    We can break when we fall in such holes. We must avoid playing near them.
    Activity 10.3
    1. State four bad things you see when coming to school.
    (a) ____________________.
     (b) ____________________.
     (c) ____________________.
     (d) ____________________.
    2. Draw one of them.
    3. Shade it with colors.

    10.3. Our school 
    Buildings and location
    What is the name of our school?

    Look at this picture.


    What do you see near the school?

    What different types of rooms are found in the school?

    10.4. Surroundings of home

    The main surroundings that are found near the home

    Activity 10.4
    1. Show if the following can be found in the surroundings of our school.


    2. State the surroundings of your home.

    There are many surroundings of your home. Some of them are rivers, 
    mountains, plains, ponds, plants, shops and roads.

    Look at the following picture.

    This is the Musoni’s house.



    The uses of things that are found at home
    The things that surround us are very useful for us.

    They provide us with fresh air, fruits, etc.

    Exercise 17

    Fill in with surroundings and their importance.


    Caring for the surroundings of a home
    • We must care for the surroundings of our home.
    • We have to protect rivers.
    • We must put wastes into a dustbin.
    • Do not cut down trees
    • We should put manure in our gardens.

    Activity 10.5
    1. If you drink dirty water, which diseases can you get?

    2. Show how you can care for the surroundings.

    10.5. School surroundings

    Main school surroundings

    Activity 10.6

    1. Are the following available at our school?


    2. State what you see around the school.

    The school surroundings are:
    (a) Wells                               (b) Rivers                (c) Forests
    (d) Airport                            (e) Roads

    The importance of the school surroundings

    State the school surroundings.
    The school surroundings are very important. They help us live well.

    (a) Market

    We buy what we need from markets.


    (b) Shops

    We buy what we need from shops.


    (c) Forests

    We gather firewood from forests.


    (d) Airport

    We travel by aeroplane.


    Protection of the school surroundings
    a) We should not cut down trees.
    b) We should not throw/dump wastes into rivers.
    c) We should dig wells.
    d) We should paint trade centres.
    e) We should fence and prune forests.

    Activity 10.7

    Mention any three ways we care for our school surroundings.

    10.6. Citizens

    The number of family members 

    Exercise 18
    1. How many members are you in the family?
    2. Give the names of:
    (i) Your father
    (ii) Your mother
    (iii) Your brothers and sisters
    3. Look at the following picture:

    How many members are in this family?


     Mr. Joshua Hakizimana and Mrs. Anne Mukamana


    Dany and Sugira are the children of Hakizimana and his wife. 


    Count the family members of Hakizimana. How many are they?

    Activity 10.8
    1. State different things that you can see on your way to school: 
    (a) ____________________. (b) ____________________.

     (c) ____________________.

    2. Explain how you care for the school surroundings
    List of words
    Read these words aloud 
    (a) Directions
    (b) Things we see on our way to school

    (c) Citizens

  • UNIT 11:Transport and communication

    11.1. Road
    The road is the path where people and vehicles pass.

    Types of roads

    What is the type of the road that is near our school?
    Is there any other type of road have you ever seen in another place? 
    Yes/ No

    1. This is a paved road. 


    2. A murram road.


    3. A tarmac road.


    Exercise 19

    Match the type of the road with a right picture.


    Users of the road

    Users of the road are people, vehicles, motorcycles, bicycles, etc


    This is a pedestrian. 


    A pedestrian is a person who walks on a foot. A person who rides a bicycle is called a cyclist.
    A person who rides a motorcycle is called a motorist. A person who drives a car is called a driver.
    Activity 11.1
    Cut pieces of paper and write on the following letters to form the 

    following word:


    (a) Shade each letter with colors.
    (b) Remove only one letter from that word. Play this game by 

    using other words to find if your classmate can discover them.

    The uses of roads
    Roads have many uses. For example: 
    (a) We travel on it.

    (b) Directing passengers.


    Activity 11.2

    1. Use () to show different road users and (x) for those that 

    don’t use the road



    Ways of using the road well

    (a) We should be careful. 


    (b) We should look on our right and left before crossing the road.

    When you cross the road, you cross where there are white lines called zebra crossing.


    (c) We should not play on the road.


    (d) Look at the traffic lights



    Activity 11.3

    Explain the importance of using the road.

    11.2. Communication
    Communication is sharing information, ideas with others in different ways. 

    Means of communication

    Some of the means of communication are: 

    (a) Letters


    (b) Telephone                                                                                        (c) Television


    (d) Radio                                                                                                       (e) Computer


    (f) Newspaper

    Have you ever read any newspaper? Say Yes or No


    Activity 11.4


    Look at the above means of communication
    Which one do you use at your home? Ask you parents how the 

    same means helps in communication.

    The importance of communication

    Communication is very important for us in many ways. The following 

    are some of the benefits of communication.
    (a) Helps us to listen to the news.
    (b) Helps us to talk to people who are far.
    (c) Helps people to get jobs.
    (d) Helps us to learn.
    (e) Helps us to know the market. 

    Proper ways of using means of communication

    1. Not speaking on phone for a long time.
    2. Not abusing people

    3. Not stealing from people

    Activity 11.5
    1. Take a mobile phone and remove the SIM card. Does the phone work?

    2. Draw a SIM card. Are cards similar? 


    3. How do you understand this sentence

    Messages reach many people more quickly by using mobile phones 

    than radios.

    Exercise 20
    1. A……………… is used to send messages quickly (telephone, radio)
    2. We can use _________________so as to be informed about international news and search on internet.
    (book, computer)

    3. When we want to listen and watch news, we use_____.(cartoons, television)

    List of words
    Read these words correctly
    (a) Road
    (b) Telephone
    (c) Radio
    (d) Communication
    (e) Transport 
    (f) Computer

  • UNIT 12:Major family historical events

    12.1. My family historical events
    A family is a group of related people living together.

    Relationships between family members are shown by a family 
    relationship tree.
    Things we should know about our grandparents
    (a) Knowing if what is said about them is true.
    (b) Searching if there had been a famous person in our family.
    (c) Knowing the reason why some among us we look alike.
    (d) Knowing diseases which follow the family lines.
    (e) Knowing our past and present history.
    (f) Teaching our family history to the children. 
    (g) Knowing the meaning of your name.
    heart Knowing the dead people in our family.
    Activity 12.1
    Draw your family relationship tree and hang it on the wall of your classroom.

    House: Where people live.
    Building materials: Materials used in the construction of houses.
    Nuclear family: A family made up of a father, mother and children.
    Grand-father: The father of your father or mother.
    Grand-mother: The mother of your father or mother.
    Family tree: A drawing in form of a tree representing different people of the same ancestry.
    National symbols: Symbols of a given country considering itself and manifesting itself to the
    world as a national community.

    School leaders: Persons who lead a school and represent it legally.
    Hygiene: The degree to which people keep themselves or their surroundings 
    clean, especially to prevent disease.
    Arm: Either of the two long parts of the upper body which are fixed to the 
    shoulders and have the hands at the end.
    Foot: The part of the body at the bottom of the leg on which a person stands.
    Infectious diseases: Disorders caused by organisms- such as bacteria, viruses 
    and parasites. 
    Non-infectious diseases: Diseases that are not contagious because they cannot 
    be spread from one person to another. These diseases are caused by other factors 
    such as genetics, environment, and lifestyle behaviors.
    Relationship: The family connection between people.
    Help each other: Make easier or possible for two persons or more who offer one to another services or

    Share: To give something to someone as their share of total, for them to use in a particular way.
    Politeness: Behavior that is respectful of other people.
    Basic needs: Are those things that are necessary to sustain life like food, shelter, and clothes.
    Money: Coins or notes which are used to buy things, or the amount of these that one person has.
    Personal property: All of someone’s property except land and is moveable and 
    does not last. For example, clothes, vehicles, household goods, etc.
    Direction: The position towards which someone or something moves or faces.
    Newspapers: A regularly printed document that contains news reports, photographs, advertisements, etc.
    Vehicle: A machine generally with wheels and an engine which is used for 
    transporting people or goods on land, particularly on roads.

    Communication: Act of communicating with people.

  • Part 2:Unit 1 :Creation and fall of man

    1.1. Creation of Heaven and Earth and all in it (Genesis 1:1-31)
    XLook at the trees and plants, the sun, the clouds, your friends, the 
    mountains, stones, earth. How was the earth created and all that is in?
    In the beginning of time how did the earth look like?
    Why do you think God created the light first?
    a) The first day
    God created light and darkness.
    b) The second day
    God created the sky/atmosphere.
    c) The third day
    God created the land and waters/ seas.
    d) The fourth day
    God created the sun, the moon and the stars. 
    e) The fifth day
    God created fish, and other creatures living in water and birds in the sky.
    Have you ever eaten fish? Mention the kinds of birds that you know. 
    f) The sixth day
    God created animals on land.
    What do animals give us?
    Lastly God created man in His own image.
    Why did God create man lastly?
    Activity 1.1
    Go outside and look at what was created and is nearby the school.
    Mention what you saw that was created by God.
    Draw two things in your exercise that were created by God.
    1.2. Man was created in the image of God (Genesis 1: 26-31)
    What can human being do that other creatures cannot do?
    God created man in His own image. Man is different from other creatures.
    In Genesis 1:26:31, we learn that human being has dominion 
    over other creation, he has wisdom,
    he is able scrutinize/ examine and in summary he is like God.

    The difference between man and other creatures
    A human being was created in the image of God. A human being is different from other creatures.
    He is a special creature of God.
    A preacher teaching the word of God at school, animals cannot preach.

    Men are building a house. Animals cannot build houses.

    The boy is sweeping, animals cannot sweep.

    The girl is reading, other animals cannot read.

    The difference between human being and other creatures
     As it is seen in the pictures above, a human being can think, can pray, can sing, can read the Bible, because he has
     breath of God. Other 
    creatures cannot manage to do them



    Taking care and protecting what was created by God

    Look at what God created, can you mention their names?

    Why should we take care of the creatures of God?

    Activity 1.2

    Discuss activities you can do in order to protect the environment

    1.3. The instructions God gave man in the Garden of Eden 
    Teacher Mukantagara teaches P1.She gives her learners/pupils instructions every day.
    The learners respect/follow them.
    Do you remember what we learnt that is about the creation of mankind?
    In book of Genesis 2: 15-17, we saw that God commanded Adam and Eve to take care of the garden.

    It is good to respect the commandments of God, and it is also good to respect our parents and teachers.

    How can God’s creation be taken care and protected?



    1.4. The origin of Sin and its consequences(Genesis 3:1: 13)

    In the story of Mukantagara, what do you think would happen if the learners were not to follow or respect her instructions?
    • She could be angry, and punish them.

    Have you ever given a false testimony against someone? How did he/she handle it? Do not repeat it because it is not good.

    Activity 1.3

    How were Adam and Eve given the commandments/ instructions of God in the Garden of Eden?

    1.5. Consequences of sin


    When we do not respect the instructions given to us, we are punished according to the laws.
     Also, after Adam and Eve had disrespected/ disobeyed God, He got annoyed with them and punished them.

    The following are the consequences Adam and Eve got for 
    disobeying God:
    i) God cursed the snake.
    ii) Eva and her offspring will have pain while giving birth.
    iii) Adam will have to work hard all his life to get what to eat (he 
    will eat from his sweat).
    iv) God chased them out of the garden of Eden.
    v) Death came on earth.
    The punishment of Adam and Eve are still following humankind up to this time. Sin spread in the whole world. 
    There is jealousy; there is hatred because people kill each other, wars and epidemic diseases.

    Genocide against Tutsi in 1994 in Rwanda

    In Rwanda, sin led people to commit genocide against Tutsi in 1994. 
    However, it was possible to hate sin and love each other. Now Rwanda 
    has peace and people live in harmony and unity. This was a result of unity and reconciliation.

    Activity 1.4

    Play a game showing the consequences of the sin of Adam and Eve.

    End Unit Assessment
    1. Mention the things that God created in the order of days
    a) First day 
    b) Second day 
    c) Third day 
    d) Fourth day
    e) Fifth day 
    f) Sixth day
    2. On which day did God rest?
    3. Why is a human being different from other creatures?
    4. Mention two things that differentiate human being from other creatures.
    5. Who created the world?
    6. Mention two things created that live on land 
    7. Mention two things created that live in water 
    8. Mention two ways of protecting God’s creation.
    9. Give one command / instruction that God gave Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.
    10. What did Adam and Eve eat?
    11. Mention two first people that disobeyed God?
    12. How did Adam and Eve disobey God?
    13. What are the punishments that God gave the following creatures:
    a) Snake
    b) Eva
    c) Adam 
    14. How should we avoid sin?
  • Unit 2 :Basic prayers

    Prayer and how to conduct yourself during prayers (Isaiah 30:18-19)


    Look at the following picture.


    2.1. The way we should behavior during prayers/ when praying (Luke 18:10-14, John 15: 7)
    During the time of prayers, we thank, we praise, we glorify and we ask God what we need.

    Some of the good words that are used in prayers are like:

    i) Our father in Heaven 
    ii) Our king 
    iii) We ask you 
    iv) Holy God

    What describes a Christian in the time of prayer are as follows:

    i) Being calm and humble when we are praying 
    ii) Be quiet
    iii) To be in a quiet place.

    iv) Show respect and honor to God

    Activity 2.1
    What do we do when people are praying at home, at school and in church?

    2.1.1. The parable of the Pharisee and tax collector 
    (Luke 18: 10-14)
    The Bible teaches us about prayers where we are to humble ourselves before God (Luke 18: 10-14).

    Whenever we pray we are supposed to honor God, why should we 
    honor God?
    • The Pharisee and the tax collector prayed to God, after God answered the tax collector because he prayed
     with humility. 

    Have you ever prayed for something and later you received it? Share with your neighbor something
     that you prayed for and after God answered you.
    Activity 2.2
    What do we do when people are praying at home, at school and in church?
    2.2. Basic prayers 
    a) The Lord’s Prayer / Our father in heaven Jesus is the son of God.
    He had a group of 12 people that followed him, who were called the Apostles.
    Jesus taught his them the Lord’s Prayer.

    Our Lord’s Prayer
    Our father in Heaven 
    Hallowed be your name 
    Your kingdom come 
    Your will be done 
    On earth as it is in heaven
    Give us today our daily bread

    Forgive us our sins as we also,

    Forgive those who sin against us 
    And lead us not into temptation.
    But deliver us from the evil one.
    For kingdom, the power and the glory 
    Are yours now and forever more 



    In the book of Luke 22: 38-44, the Bible teaches us that Jesus went to the Mount of Olives with his apostles to pray.

    Why do Christians say the Lord‘s Prayer (Psalm 95:1-7, Isaiah 6:5, Psalm 118:1, Phillipians 4:6-7)?
    Christians pray the Lord’s Prayer focusing on the following:
    Thanking God and asking Him for blessings, praising, asking  for forgiveness and for protection.

    b) The prayer before sleeping (Psalms 1:2)
    Do you go to pray before sleeping? We are supposed to pray to God at night before sleeping.
    We ask God to protect us in the night while 
    we are sleeping. How do you pray before you go to sleep?

    And do you always pray to thank God when you wake you?


    In Psalms 1:2, the Bible teaches us, a good person is well pleased with the commandments of God.
    And he follows/obeys them during day and night..

    An example of a prayer of a child before he/she sleeps

    My God, I come before you this night.
    I thank you for protecting me today. 
    I am going to sleep now, protect me.
    Enable me to sleep well.
    I know I feel fine and peaceful whenever you protect me . 
    Bless my friends and protect them too. 
    Protect our country of Rwanda and bless it. 
    I have prayed this believing in your Holy name. 



    c) A prayer before eating (Matthew 26:26-27, Luke 22: 17-20, Psalm 81:10,Exodus 23: 25) 
    We should always pray to God before eating. We pray to God thanking Him for giving us what to eat and we ask
    Him to bless the food. The food that is blessed by God nourishes our bodies.

    Say this prayer before you eat

    Our God, we thank you for the food you have given us. 
    We are grateful. 
    We thank you for the people that have prepared it.
    Even those that were not able to get it give them what to eat and 
    bless them.
    We pray in the Holy name of Jesus. 
    We should be like Jesus and pray before eating.


    d) The prayer for thanksgiving (1 Thessalonians 5:18, 
    Exodus 15:21, Psalm 118:1)
    A prayer of thanksgiving is a prayer we offer to God by thanking Him 
    for all the good things he has done in our lives.
    We can repent in the prayer of thanksgiving to God: 

    (i) When the wedding is successful.


    (ii) After getting a great harvest


    (iii) The time when someone gets healed from sickness.


    Say the following prayer in your heart silently:
    An example of the prayer of thanksgiving to God
    Our everlasting father, I thank you because of your blessings. 
    I thank you for the knowledge you have given me 
    I thank you because you guide my life.
    I thank you for enabling me to pass my exams 
    Your name be praised now and forever more.

    Exodus 15:21. Miriam the prophetess, Aaron’s sister, led the Israelites 
    to thank God.
    She did it after crossing the Red Sea because God had 
    protected them from the Egyptians.

    Activity 2.3

    1. Lead a prayer for thanking God at school and in the group of many people.
    2. Mention some of the opportunities that you thank God for that He gave people.
    e) A prayer for praying for others (Romans 8: 26-27, 34: , Colossians 4: 2-3, Romans 15: 30)
     A prayer for others is when you pray specifically for them. Do you always remember to pray for others? 

    Examples of people that need to be prayed for:

    i) Sick people / the sick
    ii) The orphans
    iii) The widows 
    iv) The poor people
    v) The refugees 
    vi) The elderly 

    vii) The street children



    Say this prayer with a peaceful heart:

    An example of a prayer to pray for others
    Our God the creator of heaven and earth 
    I pray for my friend that is sick 
    Heal her /him and give her strength 
    Lay your healing hands upon her,
    I have prayed believing in the name of Jesus Christ 

    (f) A prayer before work (Philippians 4: 13, Luke 1:37)
    People work in different places, they work in different ways. It is God that gives us strength to work.

    The reasons we pray before working

    We need to dedicate our daily different activities to God, because there is nothing difficult for Him.

    All workers need to pray before working; God protects us whenever 
    we pray.
    An example of a prayer made before working

    Say the following prayer in your heart.

    Our father in heaven we thank you for protecting us this night 
    And for we have managed to wake up in peace this day, help us and 
    give us strength and we work well today.
    Protect us from all kinds of evil at work
    Guide us in everything 
    We have prayed believing in the name of Jesus Christ.


    It is important for people to pray before starting to work.
    Look at the following pictures. 

    What are people and say what they are doing?







    The time of praying and its appropriate prayers. (Ephesians 6:18, 1 
    Thessalonians 5:17, Luke 18:1-5, 1 Timothy 2:8).

    When do you pray?

    We are supposed to pray every time. 
    In 1 Timothy 2:8 the Bible teaches us to pray without anger or quarreling. Read the parables below.
    Do you remember what we said 
    about the parables? In what we saw before, we learnt that parables 
    are the stories Jesus used while He was teaching His disciples.

    g) The parable of widow and the Judge (Luke 18:1-5)

    There was a widow, her enemies wanted to take her possessions and she told the Judge.
    The judge did not listen to her, that widow did not 
    give up on asking the judge.
    The judge made a decision to help her. 
    Every time we pray without stopping our prayers are answered.
    Activity 2.4
    1. What is the right time to pray?
    2. Share with others the time you pray when at home.
    3. Using examples, mention how God answers us whenever we pray.

    heart The appropriate prayers (1 John 5: 14-15, John 14:13-14, Philippians 4: 6-7)



    Activity 2.5
    1. Why do we pray to God?
    2. How do you think we should pray for situations in our lives?
    3. Why does God take time to answer some of the prayers?

    End Unit Assessment
    1. What other name of God?
    2. Jesus taught …………….. Prayer to His disciples.
    3. What did Jesus do before He was arrested in Gethsemane?
    4. The people who followed Jesus was called ……………………..
    5. Before Jesus fed the 5000 people, Jesus ……………….. Food. 
    6. What did Jesus and His disciples do in Jerusalem before Jesus was caught?.
    7. Miriam led the Israelites in ……………….. after crossing the Red Sea.
    8. How do we call the prayer that we make for others?
    9. The time we pray to God we need……………….
    10. What is the right time to pray?
    11. When our parents or friends give us time we should say that……………………….
    12. What are we supposed to do for people that need help?
    13. Write two words of honoring God in the time of prayer
    14. What should we do incase God does not answer our prayers?

    15. Give two reasons why we should pray to God before working.

  • Unit 3: Examples of heroes of faith

    3.1. The stories in the Bible for those that obeyed God

    Heroes are people honored because of their actions that are outstanding.
    Being humble means doing what you were told to do. The Bible has stories that talk about many people
    that humbled themselves before 
    God. They served God until they died because of Him.

    3.1.1. Obeying God by Abel the righteous (Genesis 4:1-16)

    Habimana and Kaliza are friends. They help their parents with work at home.
    They are humble children. Why do Habimana and Kaliza 
    become humble?
     Being humble is doing what you are told to do and you do them well.

    3.1.2. Do you remember the story of Cain and Abel?

    It is found in the book of Genesis4:1-16. Cain and Abel were sons of Adam and Eve.
    Cain was a farmer and he planted crops to eat. What 
    are some of the crops that farmers plant that are eaten?
    Cain offered 
    a sacrifice with a bad heart and God refused it .Abel was a shepherd; a shepherd is someone that looks
    after animals. Abel was looking after sheep and goats.
    Abel humbled himself, he got the first-born of the lamb, slaughtered it after he offered it to God .
    God was pleased with his offering.

    What reason do you think made God refuse the offering of Cain?
    God punished Cain because of not honoring Him.

    What will happen to people who are disobedient/ do not 
    honor God?
    1. They will be punished.
    2. God will be angry with them.
    3. They will feel pain.
    4. They will face hardships.
    3.1.3. The reward of Enoch (Genesis 5:21:24)
    Mahoro and her friends went to school. They came across a blind man. 
    Mahoro helped him because it was hard to cross the road. When they 
    reached the school, his friends narrated the story to the teacher. The 
    teacher rewarded him with a Bible.
    i) What was Mahoro rewarded? 
    ii) Why did Mahoro help the blind man to cross the road?
    In Genesis 5: 21: 24 we saw the story of a man called Enoch.

    He honored God. God rewarded him.

    What did Enoch do so that he becomes a friend of God?
    i) He was humble.
    ii) He was trustworthy.
    iii) He had faith.
    iv) He honored God.
    v) He was prayerful.

    The lessons we learn from the story of Enoch

    i) When we do what God wants He becomes happy and rewards us.
    ii) We should become friends of God by honoring Him and also praising Him.
    iii) For us to become friends of God, we need to avoid sin and be trustworthy like Enoch.

    3.1.4. The reward of Noah (Genesis 6:9-22)

    Observe the picture below. What do you see?


    In Genesis 6:9-22, we read about the story of Noah.
    Noah is the only person who did good /righteous things in his time.
    What do you think is the reason why God chose Noah
    What reward did God give to Noah?

    The actions of mercy and love by Jesus

    Look at the following pictures and say what you see in the pictures.



    Jesus taught us how we can take care of the people that need help.

    The following are some of the people that need love and care:

    i) Sick people 
    ii) Lame people 
    iii) Traumatized people
    iv) Blind people
    v) Hungry people
    vi) HIV/AIDS victims
    vii)Those affected by Floods
    viii) Deaf people
    ix) The Refugees


    3.1.5. The miracle at the wedding of Cana (John 2:1-10)
    Have you ever attended a wedding? Mention some activities done during a wedding? 

    In John 2:1-10, we see that Jesus and His mother Mary together with 
    all the disciples were
    invited to the wedding at Cana, the wine got 
    finished when the wedding was still going on.
    Jesus got water and 
    changed into wine better than the first wine. It became the first miracle 

    Jesus performed.


    Activity 3.2
    1. Play a game showing the miracle Jesus performed in the wedding at Cana.
    2. Look at your friend who is sad and share what can bring happiness and joy in your life.

    3. How did Jesus show mercy and love by basing to the people.

    3.1.6. Jesus fed more than 5000 people on bread and fish (John 6: 1-15)
    The hungry are people without food. Whenever you lack food for a long period, your body becomes
    weak and you can easily die .Have 
    you ever lacked food at home? How would you feel in case you lack 
    Look at the picture below. 
    What do you see in the picture?
    John 6:1-15 we find the story of Jesus feeding many people.
    There was a young boy that had 5 loaves of bread and two fish. Jesus took them and gave thanks to God.
    The food increased and later 
    people became more that 5000, they ate and got satisfied, there were 
    leftovers that could fill the 12 baskets. 

    The lessons we learn from this miracle performed:

    i) God is happy whenever we love and care for people who are in need.
    ii) Jesus Christ loves us.

    Activity 3.3
    1. Play a game showing Jesus feeding 5000 people on 5 loaves of bread and two fish.
    2. Like learners, the teacher will prepare how you can share what you have with others.

    3.1.7. Jesus healed the sick
    In the Bible, there are many examples of miracles that Jesus performed.

    (a) Jesus heals Peter’ mother in law ( Matthew 8: 14-17)

    Have you ever fallen sick? How did your parents take care of you? In the gospel of Matthew 8: 14-17,
    we saw Peter’s mother was sick of a 
    fever. Jesus went to see her and He touched her hand, the fever left 
    her and later she got up.
    Why should we take care of the sick people?


    (b) Jesus heals the man with Leprosy ( Luke 5:12-16)

    A leper is a person suffering with many wounds on the body (Leprosy).
    They can easily spread and the one suffering from it can smell. 
    Why do you think Leprosy is a deadly disease?

    In the gospel of Luke 5:12-16, Jesus healed the leper by touching him.

    What did Jesus do to heal a man from leprosy?

    The sick people need a person to take care for them and show them love.



    (c) Jesus heals a boy with an evil spirit (Mark 9: 14: 29)
    Have you ever seen a person suffering from epilepsy? How did they behave?
    In the gospel of Mark 9:14-29, we see a story of a young boy with evil spirits.

    Jesus healed that boy because He is able to heal diseases which are worse than evil spirits.


    Why do you think we should take care of the people suffering from epilepsy?


    The lessons we get from the acts of love of Jesus are:
    i) Jesus heals the sick, he feeds the hungry, and he forgives the 
    sinners, and gives back life to people and heals all diseases.
    ii) Jesus loves all people and He is ready to help us all the time.
    iii) We should always be ready to help others and take care of 

    them like the way Jesus did.

    End Unit Assessment
    1. Mention the names of the sons of Adam and Eve.
    2. What did Cain do?
    3. What did Abel do? 
    4. Why did God reject /refuse the offering of Cain?
    5. Why did God accept the offering of Abel?
    6. Give two examples of good behaviors.
    7. …………………………. killed Abel.
    8. Mention one person that was a friend of God.
    9. What reward did God give to Enoch?
    10. Who built the ark (big boat)?
    11. What did God use to destroy all living things and beings on earth?
    12. Mention the place where Jesus changed water into wine.
    13. What did Jesus use to feed more than 5000 people?
    14. Show two examples of actions/works of love that Jesus did.
    15. Mention two ways of how we can show love to others.
    16. What can we do so as to become friends of God?
  • Unit 4 :Promoting peace

    4.1. Definition of peace (Romans 12:18, Matthew 5:9, Hebrews 12:14)


    We should love our country and all the people. The national anthem of our country enables us to be united and live in peace.
    We sing the national anthem showing honor and love for our country.

    Romans 12:18 teaches us to be in peace with all the people. In the gospel of Matthew 5:9, Jesus taught
    His disciples that blessed are 
    those who give peace because they will be called children of God .In 
    Hebrews 12:14 teaches us that we are supposed to live in peace with all the people.

    Look at the following pictures and try to understand them.


    Children are playing football. The parents are watching them. It shows that there is peace.
    Activity 4.1
    1. In your words explain the word peace?

    2. Mention and explain 4 activities that do not enhance peace.

    4.1.1. The importance of having Peace


    How can we show peace in our country?


    Peace in the heart (inner peace ) of a person is seen in many ways
    Whenever there is peace in the heart (inner heart) people fellowship together
    Psalms 34:4 says that in the time of praying to God, He saves us from fear and places our lives in peace.

    Isaiah 9:6 teaches us that Jesus is the Prince of Peace.

    James 3:17 teaches us the wisdom comes from God which is of peace 
    –loving and sincere.

    Philippians 4:7 teaches us that the peace of God is beyond human 

    The pictures below show that people have peace

    Parents are giving a gift to their child. This shows love and peace in the family.
    Greeting each other shows that there is peace among people.

    Activity 4.2
    1. Show the signs of the people that have peace at home and at school

    4.2. What makes people lack peace? (Exodus 23:1-2, 
    Luke 3:14)

    We feel good and happy when we have peace. Whenever there is no peace in the family, the members feel pain. 

    Things that make people to lack peace

    i) War 
    ii) Hatred 
    iii) Abusing others/bad words
    iv) Not respecting others
    v) Lying 
    vi) Not respecting the leaders.

    The following pictures show where there is no peace.



    The signs of lack of peace
    i) Crying 
    ii) Fighting 
    iii) Lack of appetite 
    iv) Being
    Exodus 23:1-2 teaches us to not to say wrong things against 
    others. Luke 3: 14 teaches us not to tell lie to others.

    The police officer is in charge of keeping security and peace in the community. 

    The police officer has arrested the thief.
    The two children are fighting. The teacher is stopping them.

    4.3. Songs of peace (Revelations 21:4, John 14, 27, Luke 
    We sing different songs in different seasons. We sing songs of peace whenever we are happy.
    The time we sing the songs of peace 
    Every time people have freedom, they sing about peace. Look at these photos carefully.

    The songs give us happiness and peace. Whenever a person loves 
    another, there is peace found. 

    Indirimbo y’amahoro 

    Sing this song of peace that follows.

    Peace, Peace 
    Peace is good 

    We should love it 

    We be glad of it 
    Because God 
    Does not stop 

    to remind us

    Revelations 21:4 teaches us that God will clean all our tears and protect us from pain.
    Gospel of John 14:27 teaches us that Jesus left us with peace.
    Gospel of Luke 24:36 shows that Jesus appeared to His disciples after resurrection, then He told them that:
    “Peace be with you.”





    4.4. The games about peace
    Do you love playing? What kind of games do you play?
    We can play games that enable everyone to be happy. We are not supposed to play bad games.
     It can hurt us. We should learn to do the 
    games that enable us to build peace.
    4.5. The games that show the unity and peace (Philippians 2:2, Romans 12:4-5, John 15:12, 
    Genesis 6:9-22, 7:1-4)

    Unity means working together with same good goal.
    Philippians 2:2, teaches us to have love and be united and think the same way.

    Romans 12:4 teach us about the body. We should work together every 
    time we have the same goal.

    The gospel of John 15:12 teaches us how Jesus taught His disciples 

    that to love each other like the way He loved them. Do you love others?

    Read this conversation

    Gasore: Good morning friends. How are you
    Ntwari: We are fine 
    Keza: We are somehow okay.
    Ntwari: Why are you somehow fine Keza, are you sick?
    Keza: No I dreamt about bad things
    Gasore: Oh! What did you dream?
    Keza: I dreamt seeing daddy again yet he died 5 years ago. 
    Gasore: Have peace. God will comfort your heart. Be courageous and strong.
    Ntwari: Be strong and be brave. Its time lets go to class.

    Activity 4.3
    1. Act what is in the conversation. 
    2. Let one pupil closes his/her eyes and pretends to fall down and other three carry him,
    showing that they are helping him.

    End Unit Assessment
    1. When do we sing the national anthem?
    2. When do we sing a song of peace?
    3. Whenever we build peace, God…………. … like His children
    4. Mention three activities that show peace in the country 
    5. What bad action take place/ happened in Rwanda in 1994
    6. Mention three things that show there is lack of peace
    7. Working together is ……………….
    8. What did Noah build?
    9. What can you do when you see people fighting?
    10. When we follow the teachings of Jesus, the greatest 
    commandment is…………………………………. altogether

  • PART III :Unit 1 :Pillars of Islamic faith

    1.1. The 5 Pillars of Islam

    a) Shahada: Belief in one God and his prophet Muhammad 

    Activity 1.1
    1. According to you, who is God? 
    2. Basing on the experience how many gods do people believe in?
    Shahada is believing that there is no other God to be praised apart from Allah.
    And Muhammad is his prophet. No other gods should be worshipped except Allah.

    b) Pray five times a day (Swalat)

    Swalat are Muslim prayers. Muslims pray five times a day. They pray in the Mosque.

    c) Zakat 

    Zakat is one of the offering given once in a year which is according to the Islamic principles.
    It is offered so as to help poor or needy people. 
    Have you ever helped a poor person?

    d) Ramadhan/Fasting
    Saum/Ramadan is known as fasting. Muslims fast in the month of 
    Ramadhan. Ramadhan lasts 30 days. It is a period of prayer, reflection and community.

    e) Hajj

    Hajj is a Holy journey / pilgrimage. It is a pilgrimage to Mecca. It is done in the last month of the year.
    The Mecca is a holy place for 
    Muslim. All Muslims are supposed to make that journey whenever they 

    have the ability.

    1.2. God is the creator of heaven and earth and all 

    creation (creator)


    Look at the following pictures.



    The reasons why God created man
    a) God created man because of one important reason for praising Him only. 
    b) Another reason that made God create us was that we take care of the environment.
    The environment including the animals, trees, flowers, forests, rivers and lakes

    The reasons why God created spirits
    Spirits are things we cannot see but we can hear them. 
    There are bad spirits and good spirits.
    All God created all those spirits by God so that they can praise Him. 

    1.3. The prophets of God and what characterized them in their lives

    The first prophet of Allah (the Almighty Allah) was Adam. (I.I).
    The following are some of the prophets of Allah (the Almighty Allah).
    1. Adam                                                    6. Yusuf 
    2. Suleiman                                            7. Muhammadi
    3. Daud                                                     8. Yunus
    4. Ibrahim                                                9. Isa
    5. Musa                                                    10. Idrissa

    1.4. Characteristics of prophets
    Do you think your friends behave well? 
    Do their character match with the behavior? We should behave well always?
    Mention one of the good behaviors that you see in your 

    The characteristics of the prophets of Allah include:

    1) They are all men
    2) They did not commit any sin(they were righteous )
    3) They did not disobey Allah (S.W)
    4) They respected God
    5) They were heroes and well wishers 
    6) They were patient in life
    7) They were knowledgeable
    8) They worked without reward
    9) They were wise and they obedient
    10) They were trustworthy 

    1.5. The teachings of the prophets of God

    All the prophets came with the same message. Praising only one God (monotheism).

    All the prophets taught the good message of going to paradise and 

    the bad message of going to hell with eternal fire.

    The teaching of Muhammad the prophet of God (May God 
    give him peace and blessings)
    Muhammad (May God give him peace and blessings) taught that God is only one (Monotheism).
    a) He taught about humility and betraying 
    b) He taught that Muslims should respect prayer time even other activities of praying to God.
    c) He taught that Muslims have to be good and behave well
    d) He taught about how horrible fire is eternal and good things in paradise.
    e) He taught about being patient in life and also being patient with others.

    1.6. The uniqueness of Allah in praying to Him and problem of serving him and things at the same 
    time (two masters)

    This is called Shirki. 

    The benefits of praising Allah

    a) He loves us 
    b) He will take us to heaven 
    c) He will not put us in the eternal fire
    d) He shows us mercy
    e) He gives us blessings

    The consequences of not praising Allah

    a) He becomes angry with us and not pleased 
    b) He will put us in eternal fire /hell
    c) He will not give us blessings
    d) We shall not have his mercy

    What do some people pray to?

    a) Some people pray to mountains 
    b) Some people pray to calves and they even model them 
    c) Some people also pray to animals like snakes or cows 
    d) Some pray to the sun, moon and stars
    Activity 1.1
    1. Discuss on the creation of Allah and after show to others  what you have seen. 
    2. Draw a cow, sun and also objects some people pray to.

    End Unit Assessment
    1. How many gods do Muslims pray to?
    2. Mention at least three names that are called Allah (s.w)
    3. …………………will take us to heaven, lets praise him.
    4. The messengers of Allah (S.W) are known as ….………….

    5. The 2nd pillar of Islam is ………………………..

  • Unit 2 :Learning how to read Qur’an

    2.1. The vowels and consonants of Arabic 
    Show the different ways you can say it. The Holy Qur’an was written in Arabic.
    In order to know how to read the Qur’an, you should know 
    the Arabic language.
    In order to know Arabic, you should know first 
    the vowels, consonants and the order of letter that are composed of 

    Arabic. Arabic is read and written from the right to the left side.


    Read the letters of Arabic that follow:


    What are vowels? First, read them silently and later read them loudly in class.
    Ask some of your friends the letters of Arabic that they could 
    There are three important vowels in the Arabic language.

    These are taught in line with comparing with many consonants.

    Activity 2.1

    Copy and write vowels by writing them in your exercise book.

    Inyajwi n’inyuguti (fat-ha)



    The vowels which are different from letters (Kasrah)



    The vowels and letters (Dhwamah)



    Examples of words (fat-ha)



    Examples of words (Kasrah)



    Examples of words that have Dhwammah



    End Unit Assessment
    1. How many vowels are in Arabic? 

    2. Write the names of these vowels that follow:


    3. Write the following words in Arabic.
    (a) Baba 
    (b) Mama
    (c) Lima 
    4. Write the following letters in Arabic.

    5. The Holy Qur’an is written in ____________ language.

  • Unit 3 :Laws of worship

    3.1. The cleanliness before praying


    We should maintain our cleanliness every time. We should have body cleanliness every time by washing hands
    and by bathing often. We should be in a clean place and wear clean clothes.

    3.2. Ways of cleaning /easing oneself in the toilet
    These are some of the ways Muslims are supposed to follow before 
    they ease themselves (defecating):
    1) Saying dua, “Allahuma ini audhaubika minal khubuth wal khabaith.”
    2) Entering the toilet with the left foot first.
    3) Going out of the toilet with the right foot first 
    4) Saying ghufranaka when going out (it is said three times).
    5) Being humble the time you are easing yourself (defecating)
    6) Not taking the Qur’an when going to ease yourself
    7) Being quiet the time you are easing yourself 
    8) Cleaning after easing yourself (it is called Istinjai)
    9) Not smearing yourself with urine or even putting it on your clothes
    10) Not touching your private parts with the left hand 

    11) Not seeing Qiblah when you are in the toilet



    Udhu is cleaning oneself. It is an action of rubbing dirt from oneself. 
    It is action of washing the whole body using clean water. The parts of the body are divided into Sunnat na Faradh.

    means that it is compulsory and sunnat means that it is not compulsory in cleaning them (optional).

    Sunnat and its elements in Udhu

    There are three elements/parts in Sunnat in Udhu:

    a) Rinsing your mouth


    b) Rinsing in the nose


    (c) Washing the ears


    Faradh and its elements/parts in Udhu

    (a) Washing your hands


    (b) Washing your face


    (c) Washing the head


    (d) Washing the feet


    Before you pray, we are should be sure if where we are going to pray from is clean.
    One can pray from any place it is fine to pray from the ground.

    3.3. The 5 compulsory daily prayers

    Who prayed today morning? How do we call that prayer? Tell your friend to pray for you and when
    she finishes you also pray for her.

    There are 5 prayers which every Muslim should make every 
    Those prayers are known as prayers of Faradh. Every prayer has its specific sections which are called Rakaat.
    The shortest among others 
    is called Subh and it has only two Rakaat

    The longest prayer in
    Faradh has 4 Rakaat. There are 3 prayers 
    that have 4 Rakaats which are: Dhuhr, Asr and Isha.

    The following table shows the prayers for Faradh, the time it takes and their specific number of Rakaat


    The total number of Rakaat done in a day is 17.



    3.4. The Additional prayers (sunnat)
    Ask your friend if she has ever done prayers for Sunnat. The word Sunnat means that it not compulsory / it is optional.
    It means you 
    can make those prayers or even leave them. There are 2 Sunnat for prayers which can be done either before
     or after prayers of Faradh.

     The prayer of Sunnat which is done before Faradh is called Qabliyah.

    The prayer of Sunnat which is done after Faradh is called Baadiyah.

    Each of the Sunnat has two rakaat.


    3.5. The compulsory prayers (Faradha)
    Is there anyone who can read for us any of the Iduma? The prayers of Du’a or Idu’ah or Iduwa means the prayers of pleading . Those are words of praising God. You can follow these are steps so that you do prayers of Swalat: 

    (a)Takbiratul Ihram

    Say Allah Akbar (God is great). After saying Takbiratul Ihram, a person responds that Surat Al-Fatiha and also another Surat.
    Surat Fatiha is 
    a strong pillar for Swalat which means that it must be said whether you like it or not.
    (b) Rukuu

    These are concerned with bending; when you bend you say that:

    ‘Subhana Rabiyal Azhwim’ three times. And they mean that “let the great God be exalted.”
    (c) It’dal
    This is the part of bending of rukuu and raising up. A person says that 
    “Samia llahu liman hamidah” which means that “God listens to a person that praises Him.”

    (d) Sujud

    These are concerned with kneeling where you put the forehead down. 
    Here a person says that “Subhana Rabiyal A’alaa” which means that “all praises are for God who is in heaven above.”
    A person repeats this the second time and after sits rakaat.
    (e) Atahiyyatu

    This is the part where you sit in the middle of both rakaats.

    (f) Taslim
    This one also known as Salaam which means asalaam aleykum and after you turn the eyes to the right and later
    to the left. Taslim means the end of the prayers.

    3.6. Prayers (Iduwa) that are used in praising God in 
    Iswala and after that (Adh’kar)

    These are some of the duas said after Salaat (prayers):
    i) Astaghfirullah (I ask for your forgiveness God). They are said three times.
    ii) Allahuma antassalaam waminka ssalaam Tabaarakta yaa Dhal’jalaali wal’ikram .These mean that: “Oh God you are 
    peace, and peace comes from him, you are Holy and it is you who is Holy.”

    Activity 3.1
    In groups discuss about dua and memorize it.
    End Unit Assessment
    1. List the 5 prayers that are mandatory /compulsory in Islam.
    2. Show the two parts of Faradh that are said after Udhu.
    3. Which prayer of faradh is done in the afternoon?
    4. Allahu Akbar means that…………………

    5. Takbiratul Ihram means ………………..

  • Unit 4 :The life of the messenger of God Muhammad

    4.1. The ancestry / origin of messenger of God Muhammad
    Mention some of the messengers of God that we learnt in the first 
    unit. Tell your friend to mention the three messengers that he/she remembers.

    The messenger Muhammad (May God give Him peace and blessings) 

    was the last messenger among other messengers of Allah (S.W) to 
    be sent on earth. He was born in Mecca in the year of 570 AD. The 
    messenger Muhammad (May God give him peace and blessings) was 
    born on Monday 12th Rabiul- Awual.

    This is the tree that shows the family of the messenger of God Muhammad
    Activity 4.1
    Discuss about the family of messenger of God Muhammad (May God give him peace and blessings).

    4.2. The brief history of the life of Muhammad

    The messenger Muhammad was born in Mecca in the family of Quraysh. The father Abdulilahi died in Madina
    before Muhammad was born. The mother Amina died when Muhamadi was 6 years old.

    Muhammad was taken care of by another mother called Halima 
    Sadiya a daughter of Abi Ohuayb. She also breast fed him.
    Halima got many blessings because she stayed with Muhammad (May 
    God give you peace and blessings).

    Her goats could produce a lot of milk more than her neighbor’s goats


    When Muhammad was 6 years old, Amina took him (May God give you peace 
    and blessings) to Madina to visit the tomb of His father. On their way back, Amina 
    got sick and died. She died in the place called Abwa. Muhammad (May God give 
    you peace and blessings) was taken by Ummu Ayman to the grandfather Abdul-Mutalib.

    When he was 12 years old, Muhammad escorted his Uncle Abu Talib to Sham in 

    Syria for business. After that he was given a job by a widow called Khadijah the 
    daughter of Khuwaylid where he helped her in her business.
    Khadijah fell in love with Muhammad. She asked Abu Talib to allow her to get 
    married to Muhammad. Abu Talib told Muhammad and they prepared the wedding 
    and it was successful. Muhammad (May God give you peace and blessings) married 
    Khadija when he was 25 years. Khadijah had 40 years.
    His sons were Qasim, Ibrahim and Abdullahi. His daughters were Ruqaya, 
    Zainab,Umu-Kulthum and Fatma. 
    One day when he was in a cave, angel Gabriel came to him. He did not know how 
    to read. The angel shocked him very much and after he started reading.
    Muhammad (May God give you peace and blessings) started accepting to be a 

    messenger of Allah (S.W).

    Activity 4.2
    Discuss/talk about the meeting of Gabriel and the messenger of God Muhammad (I.A.U).

    4.3. The moral values that characterized the 
    messenger of God Muhammad
    The following are the values that characterized Prophet Muhammad.
    1) He was very trustworthy 
    2) He was honest and they named him Al-Ameen given by Quraysh
    3) He was compassionate 
    4) He was respectful and he listened to people
    5) He was humble and respected others
    6) He was intelligent /wise 
    7) He was trustworthy and he was a believer 
    8) He loved children, the poor and orphans

    9) He was a patient person

    Activity 4.3
    Discuss/talk about the good behavior and character that Muhammad 

    the messenger of God showed/ portrayed.

    End Unit Assessment
    1. How many children did the messenger of God Muhammad have?
    2. Mention the good character and the behavior of the messenger of God.
    3. What are all the names of the messenger of God (May God give you peace and blessings)?
    4. The messenger Muhammad (May God give you peace and blessings) was born:
    i) The day………………………
    ii) The month …………………..
    iii) The date……………………….
    iv) The year……………………….
  • Unit 5: Morals and relationship with others

    5.1. Loving God and loving your neighbor as you love yourself


    We should avoid worshipping other things but only pray to God. 


    5.1.1. The actions that show that we love Allah (S.W)
    a) Praying
    b) Fasting
    c) Giving Zakat
    d) Helping the poor
    e) Praying for the orphans
    f) Reading the Qur’an

    g) Spending enough time in the mosque


    5.1.2. Different ways of showing love to your neighbors/friends
    a) Not quarrelling with them
    b) Doing for them good things
    c) Spending time with them

    Like children, we should love our friends and our neighbors. Have you 
    ever given a gift to your friends?
    Mention some of those gifts that you have ever given your friends lately. How did they feel? 
    Activity 5.1
    Come up with actions of love that you did for your friends and also Allah.

    5.2. The Behavior in the different situations

    5.2.1. The ways of eating

    Activity 5.1

    Draw your family relationship tree and hang it on the wall of your classroom.
    Who can show us how they take tea and bread? We should behave well before eating, when eating and after eating. 

    The ways of eating in a good manner includes:

    a) Say Bismillahi before starting to eat 
    b) Just eat the food that is before you
    c) It is not good to speak with food in the mouth
    d) It is not good to eat while standing 
    e) It is not good to fill the plate with food
    f) Say Alhamdulillahi after eating
    g) Use the right hand to eat

    h) It is not good to eat with both hands



    5.2.2. The ways of drinking 
    Put little water in the glass or in the cup. Drink it the way you always 
    drink. Muslims have the way they drink water. When we are drinking, 
    this is the way we are supposed to do it.

    a) When we are drinking, a Muslim rests three times.

    b) We are supposed to say the name of Allah (S.W) before we 
    start to drink and also praise His name when we finish.
    c) It is allowed to drink while standing but it is better if we drank 

    while seated


    5.2.3. The ways of sleeping
    Who loves sleeping? How do you sleep?
    Check the way Muslims are supposed to behave when they are sleeping:
    a) Say dua before sleeping
    b) You sleep on your right side immediately you get to bed.
    c) A Muslim is supposed to do Udhu before going to sleep.
    d) Using Sunnat, the messenger of God was putting his hand on 
    cheek and said: “O God in your name I can die and I can live.”


    5.2.4. The way of waking up
    When we wake up, we are supposed to say dua: “Ash-hadu an-laa ilaha 
    ila llahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadi Rasulullah.”
     We are supposed to say these expressions that: There is no other God 
    that deserves the praises apart from Allah. (S.W) and Muhammad is 
    the true messenger of God.

    This dua: “Al hamudulilah ladhi ahayana baadama wa ilayihi nushuru.”


    5.2.5. The way of going to the toilet
    Do you remember the way of easing yourself that we learnt? Now tell 
    me one of ways you remember. Every time we go to ease ourselves, 
    we are supposed to behave in the following ways::
    a) Say dua when you enter the toilet
    b) Don’t ease yourself while standing 
    c) Enter the toilet with the left foot first
    d) Wash your hands after using the toilet with water and soap
    e) Go out of the toilet with the right foot first 
    f) Don’t speak while in the toilet 
    g) Don’t go with any writing about the Qur’an while entering the toilet
    h) Don’t touch your private parts with the right hand
    i) Don’t urinate on yourself or even urinate on dirt.

    j) Don’t look at Qiblah when easing yourself



    5.2.6. The way of wearing clothes
    Do you know clothes? 
    What is the purpose of clothes?
    Moslems are supposed to follow the ways below when we are going to 
    put on clothes:
    a) Men are not supposed to wear clothes that are below their 
    ankles / the clothes that go up to down.
    b) Men are not supposed to wear clothes that are made out of fur or out of gold

    c) A Muslim is supposed to say dua when he is putting on clothes.


    5.2.7. The ways of travelling/ moving 
    The messenger of God chose to travel/move on Thursday. He could move early in the morning.
    It was better to move in the night than during day. In the night the journey could seem shorter.
    5.2.8. Respecting elders
    Who is an elderly? Tell me the names of the elders you stay with.
    We are supposed to respect them enough in the following ways:
    a) We are supposed to listen to the advice they give us 
    b) We are supposed to follow their good examples and also 
    become like them.

    5.2.9. To have compassion on children 

    Umuto ni nde ? Ni uwo uruta wese.
    a) We are supposed to help them and lead them
    b) We are to train them good morals

    5.2.10. The way of greeting each other

    How do you greet others? Do you greet everyone without discriminating?
    The Muslim is supposed to greet in the following ways:
    a) The muslim is supposed to greet one by one saying that 
    :”Asalaam aleykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu”
    b) The person standing is the one supposed to greet the person seated. 
    c) The person is moving up is supposed to be greeted by the one moving down.
    d) The person moving fast is the one supposed to greet the person moving slow
    e) The person that enters the house is one supposed to greet 
    first all the people that he finds in the house.
    f) The men are not supposed to touch in the hands of women apart from their wives only.
    g) The group of few people is the one supposed to greet the group of many people.

    Activity 5.2
    1. Discuss/show the good ways of greeting each other.
    2. Pin on the wall a paper written on the moral values of Islam and after read them.
    3. Discuss about the good morals of drinking, eating, greeting 
    each other, traveling/moving, and dressing and the benefits of respecting them
    4. Greet each other in Islamic in the different ways.

    5.2.11. Respecting God through His creation by protecting it, taking care of it and promoting
    them in their existence

    a) Taking care of what was created by Allah (S.W)

    Some of the animals give us skin that we use to make shoes. Others give us milk.
    Animals are important in our lives. We are supposed to 
    handle them well.

    The importance of animals

    i) Animals give us milk.


    iii) Animals help us to do work.



    The ways of protecting / taking care of the animals:
    i) We are supposed to feed them and also give them water.
    ii) We are supposed to take care of them whenever they are sick 
    iii) We are not supposed to beat them anyhow. 
    iv) We are supposed to build for it a good resting place.
    v) We are supposed to slaughter them in a good way that is 
    worthy for creatures.
    b) Taking care of of the environment
    The environment is all things that that surround us. This includes: 
    animals, trees, rivers, valleys, mountains and many other things? 
    Rwanda has many mountains, that is why it is called the land of a thousand hills.
    How to take care of the environment: 


    We are supposed to remove stagnant water that is near our homes

    That stagnant water breeds mosquitoes near our homes.


    We are supposed to sweep at home .Sweeping makes the place look good.


    Activities that destroy the environment

    We are supposed to avoid doing activities that destroy the environment. 
    These are the following activities:

    a) Cutting trees anyhow. 


    b) Urinating/washing clothes, or throwing rubbish in the rivers.


    c) Throwing left overs of rubbish anywhere.


    We are supposed to do good activities for our environment. These 
    show that we respect God. Show some of the activities at home or at school
    that pollute the air /atmosphere.

    Activity 5.3

    1. Discuss about the different ways of taking care of the environment.
    2. Watch a film about taking care of the environment.

    End Unit Assessment

    Fill the following sentences with appropriate word
    1. We are supposed to love others as we……………….ourselves.
    2. We are supposed to do good activities so that 
    ……………………… Allah(S.W)
    3. After eating a Muslim is supposed to say…………..
    4. How many times is a Muslim supposed to rest when he is drinking water 
    5. It is not good to ……………… when in the toilet.

    Revision Questions
    1. Muslims believe in only …………..God
    2. Who created the earth and everything in it?
    3. Mention the names of 5 messengers of God
    4. Show three things that characterize the messenger of God(S.W)
    5. Which language is the Holy Qur’an written in? 

    6. Mention these letters:


    7. Write these words in the Kinyarwanda letters.


    8. Write these letters in Arabic
    a. W………………………….
    b. Dh………………………..
    c. S……………………………
    9. Muslims use …………………….. when doing udhu.
    10. The first prayer of Faradh is done early every morning is 
    11. Match these prayers with the number of rakaat in them.
    a. Maghrib 2
    b. Dhuhr 3
    c. Subh 4
    12. The mother of the messenger of God Muhammad 
    (May God bless give peace and blessing) was called 
    13. How old was the messenger of God Muhammad when he 
    married Khadijah?
    14. Which name was given to the messenger of God by Quraish 
    because of being honest?
    15. How old was the messenger of God Muhammad (May God 
    give you peace and blessing) when he went to Sham for the 
    first time?
    16. All the Muslims are supposed to respect the laws of 
    20. We are supposed to enter the toilet with the …………… foot first.

    21. Mention two things that the cows give us.