TOPIC 1 Recounting Past Activities

    Activity 8.1.1 (READING)

    Read the following.

    good1. Yesterday, I watched TV.

    2. Last weekend, I visited the zoo.

    3. On Sunday, we went to the beach.
    Activity 8.1.2 (WORKING TOGETHER)
    Talk in groups about something special you did in the past. Remember to use
    the past tense.
    For example: Last month, I visited my uncle in the U.S.A.
    • After every one has said what they did, each one has to report what the
    other did.

    For example: She went to visit her uncle in the U.S.A.

    Activity 8.1.3 (READING)
    Read the letter.

    Post Office Box 69
    Magerwa, Rwanda
    Dear Joselyn,
    I hope you are very fine. I am also fine. I am writing to explain to you the
    wonderful things you missed when we visited the museum. We went with our
    parents and other friends during the weekend.

    We saw and learnt amazing things at the museum. We saw a big map of

    Rwanda as we entered the museum. We learnt of how people lived in the past.
    For example, we saw pots in different sizes, which they used for storing milk
    and water.
    We also saw the different houses people lived in. They used to build huts. The
    huts built for kings were very special. We entered one of the king’s huts too.
    We saw different dressing styles and haircuts. The styles depended on one’s
    role in society.
    I wish you had come with us. We missed you a lot. We took some photos of the
    museum. I have placed it here with this letter.
    My mom said that we will go there another time. I hope that the next time we
    go there, you will be with us.

    Your best friend


    Activity 8.1.4
    Answer the following questions about the letter.
    1. Who wrote the letter?
    2. What did Munezero, her parents and friends do over the weekend?
    3. What did they see in the museum?
    4. What did they learn from the museum?
    5. Who was the letter written to?
    6. What did you enjoy most from Munezero’s letter?

    Activity 8.1.5 (WRITING)
    Write a letter to your friend about something special you did in the past.
    Answer the Riddle

    What goes up and never comes down?

    TOPIC 2 Describing Traditional and Modern Tools and
    Activity 8.2.1

    Look at the pictures below.

    Activity 8.2.2
    In groups, talk about the traditional tools and utensils that were used. Then
    compare them with the tools and utensils that are used in modern times. Talk
    about how the utensils that are used now.
    Activity 8.2.3
    Answer the following questions.
    1. Which traditional tools were used in Rwanda?
    2. What were they used for?
    3. Which modern tools are used in Rwanda now?

    4. What are they used for?

    Activity 8.2.4
    Make sentences from the substitution table below. Be sure to use ‘we use...’ for
    the modern tools and ‘People used….’ for traditional tools.

    For example: People used baskets, we use gift boxes.

    OPIC 3 Describing Traditional and Modern Farm

    Activity 8.3.1 (READING)

    Activity 8.3.2
    Answer the following questions:

    1. Which crops were grown in the past?
    2. Which crops are grown today?
    3. Which crops are grown today but were not grown in the past?
    4. Which crops do you grow

    5. Write true or false

    TOPIC 4 Describing Traditional and Modern Household
    Activity 8.4.1

    Look at the pictures below. Label the pictures and tell whether they were used

    in the past, or are used today.

    Activity 8.4.2
    Get into groups and take turns to construct sentences like the following about
    traditional and modern practices.
    1. People made pots from clay.
    2. They made furniture from wood.
    3. We make cupboards from wood.

    Continue with the exercise.

    Activity 8.4.3 (WORKING TOGETHER)
    Play a game.

    1. Form two groups.
    2. Let each group choose a representative.
    3. Make sure each group has a pencil, an eraser and a paper.
    4. Send your representative to the class leader.
    5. The class leader will tell all representatives a household object in a low
    voice so that the other group members do not hear.
    6. The rules for the representative are as follows.
    (a) Listen to the leader and make sure you heard what he/she said.
    (b) Rush to your group and draw for them what the leader told you.
    Do not use your voice in any way to tell them what you’re drawing.
    Just use actions. For example, shaking your head to approve or
    (c) Do it as fast as possible.
    (d) Draw clearly so that your group members can quickly guess what it is.
    7. The rules for the group members are as follows.
    (a) Wait for your representative to come and draw.
    (b) Keep guessing what he/she is drawing until he/she approves your
    (c) Then shout it out to be the first. If your group shouts it loud and fast,
    the leader will approve and give your group points.
    (d) Send different representatives to give each one a chance.

    8. The winner will depend on how many points the group has earned.

    TOPIC 5 Describing Traditional and Modern Farming

    Look at the pictures below.

    Activity 8.5.1
    Look at the pictures and complete the following sentences using the words—

    crops, tools, farms.

    Activity 8.5.2 (WORKING TOGETHER)
    Talk about the differences between traditional farming and modern farming.
    Activity 8.5.3
    Go out in the community and talk to people about farming practices in the past.
    Report to your group about your findings and compile them. Then present them
    to the class.
    Activity 8.5.4 (WRITING)
    Write a simple text comparing traditional and modern farming using the two

    pictures shown earlier. Remember to use determiners.

    TOPIC 6 Comparing Traditional and Modern Food
    Activity 8.6.1 (READING)

    Read the text.

    Traditional Food
    Last weekend I visited my grandmother. I sat down with her and she
    told me some things about the past. We mostly discussed about the
    food they ate and what we eat in the modern times. She told me that
    when they were still very young, their staple foods were mostly bananas,
    beans, maize, millet, peas, sweet potatoes and cassava.
    They ate twice a day. The most common meals included: cassava
    flour porridge, ‘Isombe’. They also ate pumpkins mixed with beans and
    boiled groundnuts paste mixed with millet flour paste.
    The fruits they ate were avocadoes, mangoes and papayas.
    She told me that most of their foods were carbohydrates and fewer
    crops were grown. They ate less meat because cows were considered
    to be a sign of wealth.
    She also added that they had several drinks. These included ‘ikivuguto’
    made from milk, beer made from fermented bananas’ juice mixed with
    roasted sorghum flour, ‘Ikigage’ made from dry sorghum and fermented


    Activity 8.6.2

    Answer true or false.

    Activity 8.6.3 (WORKING TOGETHER)
    In your group demonstrate how each food was made in traditional society. You
    can ask the elderly people to teach you before you present it to the class.
    Activity 8.6.4
    If you found a very old person, what questions about food in the past would you
    ask him or her?
    Activity 8.6.5 (READING)

    Read the text about modern food.

    Modern Food
    She asked me whether I was aware of the changes that had happened
    since their time. I told her I knew of some changes. I told her that today, we
    eat a lot of meat from cattle and goats, chicken, fish, served with rice, Irish
    potato chips, or French fries. In restaurants Indian, Chinese and Italian
    dishes, are served.
    We grow a lot of crops for export.
    Among the drinks are wines, sodas, processed juices, beers such as Mutzig,

    Primus and Armstel. These are processed for commercial purposes.

    Activity 8.6.6
    Answer the following questions
    1. What kind of foods are served in international restaurants?
    2. What foods were added on to the foods in the past?
    3. What drinks are produced in modern times?
    4. Do people today eat a lot of meat?
    5. What food do you usually eat at home?
    Activity 8.6.7 (WRITING)
    Write a summarised text comparing traditional and modern food. Remember

    to use determiners like; few, many, some, a lot and any other you have learnt.

    Answer the Riddle
    Throw away the outside and cook the inside. Then eat the outside and
    throw away the inside. What is it?
    Word Families
    Say the following words.

    Served, asked, processed, created, planted.