Topic outline

  • General


  • Unit 1:Greetings, introductions and talking about school

     1.1 Greetings and introductions
    See how Flora greets and introduces herself.
    Learning box
    Greetings and farewells

    Listen to and say the following:

    g

    m

    Exercise 1: Introduce yourself
    1. Greet the learners in your group.
    2. Introduce yourself to the other members of the group.
    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    1.2 Read about introductions
    Read how Michael and Mary introduce themselves.
                                                                                                                                
    n
    Micheal: Hello. Myname is
    Micheal. What
    is your name?
    Mary: Hi, Micheal.
    My name is
    Mary. I am in
    Primary 2.
    Micheal: I am also in
    Primary 2. I am seven years old.
    Mary: I am also seven years old.
    Where do you live?
    Micheal: I live in Kigali. Do you live near the school?
    Mary: Yes, I live just over there. I must
    go now. Goodbye, Micheal.
    Micheal: Goodbye, Mary.

    Exercise 2: Talk about yourself

    Greet your friends. 
    Tell them how old you are and where you live.
    2 Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    1.3 Sing a song together
    Let’s sing the alphabet song together.
    good
    Exercise 3: Write about yourself
    1. Which letter does your name start with?
    My name starts with letter ____.
    a. Write the names of four other
    learners in your class.
    b. Which letters do their names start
    with?
    Exercise 4: Complete sentences about yourself
    Copy and complete the sentences.
    1. I am ____ years old. I go to ____
    school. I live in ____.
    2. Listen as your teacher reads some of your
    sentences. Guess who she is talking about.
    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school 3
    1.4 Talking about school

    Look at the picture. What can you see?

    good

    Exercise 5: Talk about school
    1. What is the name of your English
    teacher?
    2. How many learners are there in your class?
    4 Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    Listen to Micheal and Mary.
    Talk about subjects
    Micheal: Social Studies is my favourite
    subject. Which subjects do you like?
    Mary: Hello, Micheal. I like
    Maths and Art best.
    Micheal:We have Maths at nine
    goodo’clock. What time is Art?
    Mary: Art is at 11:45.

    Exercise 6: Talk about your favourite subjects
    1. Make a list of your school subjects.
    2. Raise your hand when your teacher
    calls out your favourite subject.
    3. Teacher counts the hands. She/he
    makes ticks on the board to show how
    many learners like each subject.
    4. What is the most liked subject?
    5. What is the least liked subject?
    6. Turn to a friend. Talk about your
    favourite subject. Say, “My favourite
    subject is ___ and I like it because ___.”
    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school 5
    Exercise 7: Play a game using a table
    Draw a table with a space for each
    subject that you learn. Count the ticks
    your teacher made on the board and fill in
    your table. Now you can play a guessing
    game with your teacher.
    1.5 Telling time
    When we read the time, we use the big
    hand to tell us minutes and the small hand
    to tell us hours.
    good
    Exercise 8: Read the time
    Read the time on the clocks below.
    good
    6 Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    1.6 Using timetables
    Here is the timetable for Monday mornings
    for Michael and Mary’s class.
    good
    Exercise 9: Talk about the timetable
    1. The first English lesson begins at ______
    and ends at ______.
    2. They have ______ Maths lessons on
    Monday morning.
    3. The school day begins at ______.
    4. Their lunch break is from ______ until
    ______.
    5. When do they have an Art lesson?
    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school 7

    6. Look again at the timetable for Monday on page 7. Read the time on each clock to complete the sentences.
    good
    a. The Kinyarwanda lesson ends at
    ______.
    b. The English lesson starts at ______.
    Exercise 10: Draw a timetable and write about it
    1. Draw a timetable like the one for
    Michael and Mary on page 7.
    2. Fill in the times and lessons for your
    class on Tuesday.
    3. Write sentences about the timetable.
    Example English begins at 10:30 and ends at 11:10.
    8 Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    1.7 Giving and following instructions

    Read the instructions that the teacher is giving.

    good

    Exercise 11: Do a role-play

    Take turns to pretend to be the teacher.
    Give each other instructions. You can use
    the words in the speech bubbles above to help you.
    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school 9
    1.8 Read about asking permission
    Michael: Good morning,
    Teacher. May I
    please come in?
    Teacher: Yes, you may.
    Please sit down,
    Michael.
    Mary: Teacher, please
    may I leave the room?
    goodTeacher: Where are you going?
    Mary: I want to fetch my bag. I left it
    outside.
    Teacher: You may go. When you get back
    we must start our English lesson.
    Mary: Thank you.
    Michael: What subject do we have next?
                                                                    Teacher: We have Math at 10 o’clock.
    Exercise 12: Practice asking permission
    Take turns to ask permission to do these things and to answer.

    1. Leave the classroom.

    2. Sit down.          4. Go outside.
    3. Eat lunch.         5. Sing a song.
    10 Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school
    1.9 Review
    1. Complete the sentences.
    a. My name is ______. I am ______ years old.
    b. My favorite subject is ______.
    2. Choose the correct word to complete the sentences.
    Please   Hello   Good   morning    How
    a. ______ ______, Teacher.
    b. ______ are you?
    c. ______ come in.
    d. ______, my name is Jean-Paul.
    3. What time do you get up in the morning?

    good


    4. What time does school start?

    5. Complete the words:


    a. W______ is your name?
    b. W______ do you live?
    6. How would you ask permission to:
    a. Write on the blackboard.

    b. Read a story.

    Unit 1 Greetings, introductions and talking about school 11

    File: 1URLs: 12
  • UNIT 2: SPORTS

    2.1 Talking about sports

    good

    Exercise 1: Match the pictures and the sentences
    Match each picture with the correct sentence.
    1. Football is a game where you kick the ball.
    2. In basketball you throw a ball through a hoop.
    3. Rwanda has some very good runners.
    4. Volleyball is a team sport.
    12 Unit :2 Sports
    Bright and Linda are talking about sports.
    Linda: Hi, Bright. Are you doing sports today after school?
    Bright: Yes, I am playing football.

    good

    I score a lot of goals
    I can run very fast.
    How about you?

    Linda: I am playing volleyball.

    good

    It is my favorite sport.
    I also like swimming and riding my bicycle. I can’t run fast. Can you swim?

    Bright: No, I can’t swim. I also like to ride my bicycle.

    Exercise 2: Talk about sports
    1. Tell your friend about your favorite sport. 

    Take turns to say which sport you can or can’t do.

    2. Tell the class which sport your friend can do.
    3. Make a list of all the types of sports the learners in your class play. 

    Write down how many learners play each sport.

    Unit 2 Sports 13
    2.2 Describing ability
    Learning box
    Describe what you can do
    We use can and can’t to say whether people
    are able to or not able to do something.
    Examples: Can Linda play volleyball? Yes,

    she canCan Bright swim? No, he can’t.

    Exercise 3: What can they do?

    1. Choose the correct word in brackets.
    a. Linda (can/can’t) ride a bicycle.

    b. Bright (can/can’t) swim.

    2. Answer the questions.
    gooda. Can you play basketball?

    b. Does your friend play tennis?

    Learning box
    Answer questions with do or does
    Doesn’t and don’t are short forms of
    does not and do not.
    Examples: Does she run fast? No, she

    doesn’tDo you play tennis? No, I don’t.

    14 Unit 2 Sports
    2.3 Famous Rwandan sportspeople

    Look at the photos below.

    good

    Exercise 4: What sport do they play?
    1. Write down the names of the people in
    the photos.
    2. Next to each name, write a sentence
    about the sport they play.

    Start like this: Valens can….

    Unit 2 Sports 15

    2.4 Listen to a text

    good

    The balls we use for football and volleyball
    are large and round. Rugby balls are oval.
    Tennis balls are small and usually yellow.
    Tennis players hit the ball with a racquet.
    Cricket balls are usually red and very hard.

    Cricket players hit the ball with a bat.

    Exercise 5: Draw up a tick chart
    Tick the square for the things we use for

    different sports.

    good

    16 Unit 2 Sports
    Exercise 6: Fill in the gaps
    Before completing this activity, read
    the text on page 16 on your own.
    good
    1. Rugby balls are ____.
    2. Tennis balls are ____. They
    have a ____ layer.
    3. Cricket balls are usually red

    and very ____.

    Learning box
    Words ending in -ing

    We use action words that end in -ing
    when we talk about things that are
    happening now.

    Examples: I am eating. He is walking.

    Exercise 7: Use words ending in -ing
    Complete the sentences below using the
    correct action word.
    riding   playing    swimming
    1. I am ____ in the pool.
    2. She is____ her bicycle.

    3. We are____ football with our friends.

    Unit 2 Sports 17
    Exercise 8: Write about sport
    Write a sentence about each photo. Use
    words ending in -ing. Start like this: He/

    She is ….

    good

    Exercise 9: Do a word puzzle
    Order the words so that the sentences
    make sense. Use the correct punctuation
    and capital letters.
    1. i bicycle my riding am
    2. i volleyball play like to
    3. Mary swimming is well very

    4. John can fast run

    18 Unit 2 Sports
    2.5 Listen and answer
    The Rwanda national football
    team’s name is Amavubi.
    good
    A referee
    They score many goals. During
    matches, the referee makes sure
    that all of the players follow the
    rules. You can watch football games
    at Amahoro National Stadium in Kigali.

    Exercise 10: Talk about sport
    1. What is the name for the Rwanda
    national football team?
    2. Where can you watch football games?
    3. Explain the special words used in
    basketball or football, for example
    shoot, save, referee and goal.

    Exercise 11: Play a memory game
    Can you remember how many
    learners in your class like each
    sport? Write down how many
    learners like each sport.

    Exercise 11: Play a memory game
    goodCan you remember how many
    learners in your class like each
    sport? Write down how many

    learners like each sport.

    Unit 2 Sports 19
    2.6 Review
    1. Two types of sports are ____ and ____.
    2. Name two sports that you play in teams.
    3. Name two sports that you can play on
    your own.
    4. Complete the sentences using -ing words.
    a. They are ____ in the pool.
    b. He is ____ his bicycle.
    5. Read and complete the sentences below:
    Micheal:Do you like playing football?
    Mary: Yes, I ____ ____ ____ ____.
    Mary: Do you like playing football?
    Micheal:No, I ____ ____ ____ ____ ____.
    6. Make the
    correct words
    out of the
    letters below.
    good
    a. llba
    b. yiccebl
    c. atb

    d. qraucte

    20 Unit 2 Sports
    Unit 3 Telling time
    3.1 Read the time
    Look at the clocks below.
               41
    Exercise 1: Read the time
    Match the correct clock in the pictures
    above to each sentence below.
    1. It is 7:00 in the morning. The sun is
    already shining in the garden.
    2. Mary is eating his lunch.

    3. It is 8:30 at night and Jackeline is asleep.

    3.2 Talking about daily routines
    If you do the same thing at the same time

    every day, you follow a daily routine.

    Unit 3 Telling time 21
    3.3 Read about John’s daily 
    routine
    goodJohn gets up in the
    morning and goes to
    bath. He then puts on
    his school uniform and
    makes his bed. After
    that, he has breakfast.
    Then he brushes his
    teeth. At seven o’clock he leaves the house
    and goes to school.

    goodIn the afternoon, John
    helps his father to
    work in the garden.
    He rakes up leaves
    and waters the
    vegetables.



    goodWhen the the sun goes
    down and the moon
    appears it is night
    time. John says good
    night to his parents.
    He goes to bed and

    sleeps.


  • UNIT 3: TELLING TIME 21

    3.3 Read about John’s daily routine
    goodJohn gets up in the
    morning and goes to
    bath. He then puts on
    his school uniform and
    makes his bed. After
    that, he has breakfast.
    Then he brushes his
    teeth. At seven o’clock he leaves the house
    and goes to school.

    goodIn the afternoon, John
    helps his father to
    work in the garden.
    He rakes up leaves
    and waters the
    vegetables.



    goodWhen the the sun goes
    down and the moon
    appears it is night
    time. John says good
    night to his parents.
    He goes to bed and

    sleeps.

    22 Unit 3 Telling the time
    3.4 Describing the time of day
    goodWe can use the
    words morning,
    afternoon,
    evening and
    night to say
    when we do
    things.

    Examples

    I get up in the morning. I play in the
    afternoon. I eat supper in the evening.
    I sleep at night.
    Exercise 2: Talk about what you do every day
    Talk about what you do every day. Say
    when you do each thing.



    Unit 3 Telling the time 23
    3.5 A daily
    timetable
    good
    A daily timetable helps
    you to plan your day.
    Exercise 3: Fill in a
    timetable
    1. Copy the table on
    the right into your
    exercise book.
    2. Fill in the missing parts.
    Exercise 4: Write about a timetable
    1. Make a timetable of the things you do
    every day.
    2. Give your timetable to your friend and
    take his or her timetable.
    3. Read your friend’s timetable out loud.
    4. Write five sentences about your friend’s days.





    24 Unit 3 Telling the time
    good

    Exercise 5: Match sentences and pictures
    Look at the pictures above.
    Say which picture matches each sentence.
    1. Neza wakes up in the morning.
    2. She walks to school.
    3. She does her work in class.

    4. At night, she sleeps in her bed.

    Exercise 6: Sing the action song
    Sing this song. Make up more verses.
    This is the way we brush our teeth,
    brush our teeth, brush our teeth.
    This is the way we brush our teeth

    early in the morning.

    Unit 3 Telling the time 25

    3.6 Talking about the days of the week
    There are seven days
    goodin a week. We call
    the last two days of
    the week the
    weekend.

    Days of the week


    Learning box
    Read the days of the week aloud:
    Monday Tuesday Wednesday
    Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
    Did you notice that all the days of the
    week end in the -ay sound?

    Exercise 7: What day is it?

    Answer the questions.
    1. Which day is it today?
    2. Which day comes after Wednesday?
    3. Which days are in the weekend?
    4. Say the names of the days of the week.

    26 Unit 3 Telling the time
    3.7 The months of the year

    There are twelve months in the year.

    50

    Exercise 8: Put the months in order

    1. Write the months in the correct order.
        March        September        January
      April     February    June              May
           November          July               August
                  October                    December


    2. Say the names of the months aloud.

    Exercise 9: Talk about dates
    Talk about the questions.
    1. What day is it today?
    2. What month is it?

    3. In what year were you born?

    Unit 3 Telling the time 27
    good
    good


    28 Unit 3 Telling the time
    3.8 How many days are there in a month?
    Exercise 10: Dates on a calendar
    1. Make a calendar. Your teacher will give
    you paper and crayons.
    2. Mark on your calendar your birthday,
    the school holidays and the birthdays
    of your family members.
    3. Complete the following sentences.
    good
    a. My birthday is on the ____ of ____.
    b. The school
    holiday begins on
    the ____ of ____.
    c. My mother’s
    birthday is on the
    ____ of ____.
    3.9 Sing the alphabet song

    Let’s sing the alphabet song together again

    good

    Unit 3 Telling the time 29
    3.10 Review
    1. Use the words in the boxes below to
    complete the sentences.
    supper morning night breakfast
    a. When I wake up in the ____ I must eat
    my ____ .
    b. In the evening, I must eat my ____.
    c. I sleep at ____.

    2. Write down the time that each clock shows.

    good

    3. Which day comes after Monday?
    4. Which month is between March and May?
    5. How many days are there in one week?
    6. How many months are there in one year?
    7. Complete the sentence.

    September has ____ days.

    30 Unit 3 Telling time
    Unit 4 Food

    4.1 Talking about mealtimes

    good

    Exercise 1: Talk about mealtimes
    1. Use the words below to complete the
    sentences.
    morning           lunch         evening
    a. I eat breakfast in the ____.
    b. I have ____ in the afternoon.
    c. I eat dinner in the ____.

    2. At what time do you have lunch?


  • unit 4:FOOD

    Unit 4 food

    4.1 Talking about mealtimes

    good

    Exercise 1: Talk about mealtimes
    1. Use the words below to complete the
    sentences.
    morning           lunch         evening
    a. I eat breakfast in the ____.
    b. I have ____ in the afternoon.
    c. I eat dinner in the ____.

    2. At what time do you have lunch?

    Unit 4 Food 314.2 Talk about meals
    We have different types of food for our
    meals. Look at the pictures. Talk about the

    meals you eat.

    good

    Exercise 2: Match words and pictures
    1. Match the words below with the
    correct picture above.
    2. Write down the word and the number
    of the picture.
    milk    chicken   bananas   rice

    bread  cabbage   beans      eggs

    32 Unit 4 Food
    Learning box
    Countable and uncountable foods
    We can count apples and tomatoes.
    Each apple and tomato is a separate
    thing. We cannot count porridge or rice.
    There are too many grains in a plate of

    rice for us to count each one.

    Exercise 3: Can you count it?
    Copy the table below into your exercise
    book. Copy the words below into the

    table in the correct column.

    Countable    Uncountable
    apples   eggs   bananas    porridge

    rice   honey    sugar    potatoes

    Learning box
    Saying how much there is
    Some words show how much food you
    have, or if you have no food. See examples

    on the next page.

    Unit 4 Food 33
    Examples
    I have a lot of beans. There are many
    apples. There are only a few eggs. I have
    no pumpkin.
    good

    Exercise 4: Indefinite or nothing
    Choose words from the box and complete
    the sentences below.
    many   few    little    much    no
    1. There is ____ food in the empty
    cupboard.
    2. I am hungry, so I will eat ____
    potatoes.
    3. I am not hungry. Don’t give me so ____
    food.
    4. The baby eats only a ____ bit of
    porridge.

    5. There are only a ____ nuts.

    34 Unit 4 Food
    4.3 Talking about food likes and dislikes
    Talk about the foods you like and dislike.
    Examples
    What food do you like? I like porridge.
    She does not like meat. My favourite food
    is bananas.
    Exercise 5: Whose plate is it?
    1. Copy the picture of the
    plate onto a sheet of paper.
    2. Draw the different types of
    your favourite food on the
    plate.
    good
    3. Write the name of each type of food.
    4. Your teacher mixes the sheets of paper
    and gives them back to you.
    5. Guess which learner each plate
    belongs to.
    6. Take turns to describe what food the
    person likes. Start like this:
    She likes…. or He likes….

    Unit 4 Food 35
    4.4 Describing food types
    We can divide food into groups.
    Learning box
    Different types of food
    • Fruits and vegetables keep us healthy.
    • Dairy (milk) products make our bones
    strong.
    • Grains (or cereals) give us energy.

    • Meat helps us grow and makes us strong.

    good

    Exercise 6: Draw, label and describe food
    1. Draw a picture of one type of food
    from each food group.
    2. Let your friend say which group each
    type of food belongs to.
    3. Write the name of the food and the

    food group under each picture.

    36 Unit 4 Food

    4.5 Describing diet
    Your diet is the type of food you usually eat.
    You need a good diet to be healthy.
    4.6 Read about a healthy diet
    good

    Teacher: Eating the right food keeps us
    healthy. Some foods are
    unhealthy. Sweets and drinks
    with a lot of sugar are bad for us.
    Michael: I like to eat fruits and vegetables.
    They keep my body healthy.
    Mary: I like rice and beans. They give
    me energy to do sports and help
    me grow.
    Teacher: Yes, Mary, rice and beans are
    healthy. Do you drink lots of
    water?
    Mary: Yes, I drink lots of water. I get

    very thirsty when I do sports

    Unit 4 Food 37

    Exercise 7: Talk about healthy food
    good1. Is the food in the
    picture a good
    meal? Explain
    your answer.
    2. Say whether
    each of the
    things below is
    good or bad for you. Explain why

    good

    Exercise 8: Sounds and words
    Fill in the missing letters. Say the words
    out loud.
    1. m__ngo
    2. r__ce
    3. p__ne__pple
    4. b__n__na
    38 Unit 4 Food
    4.7 Using a questionnaire
    You are going to find out which foods your
    friends like. Your teacher will help you to
    draw up a questionnaire.
    Exercise 9: Ask questions
    Ask the questions in your group and make
    notes about your classmates’ eating

    habits. Ask ten classmates

    Exercise 10: Make a bar graph
    good

    Unit 4 Food 39
    Exercise II: Talk about what you have
    found out
    1. What is the most liked food?

    2. What is the least liked food?

    good

    Exercise 12: Classify foods
    1. Make a list of all the foods shown on
    the graph on page 39.
    2. Draw up a table like the one below.
    Write the name of each food in the
    correct column.

    good

    3. Write a sentence about each food group.
    40 Unit 4 Food
    4.8 Review
    1. Use the words in the boxes to complete
    the sentences below.
    lunch dinner breakfast
    a. I eat ____ at six o’clock in the morning.
    b. At half past twelve in the afternoon
    I eat ____.
    c. At six o’clock in the evening I eat
    my ____.
    2. Look at the names of foods below. Say
    whether each one is countable or
    uncountable.
    a. tomatoes
    b. tea leaves
    c. potatoes
    d. sugar
    3. Copy the table below. Write two

    examples of foods in each column

    good

    4. Draw a picture of a healthy lunch. Include
    your favourite foods to have for lunch.
    Write a sentence or sentences about

    what makes this a healthy lunch.


  • Unit 5: Stories and descriptions

    Unit 5 Stories and descriptions

    good


    5.1 Listen to a story
    Elephant lived in the bush with his family.
    All the baby elephants played together in
    the river.
    One day, Elephant decided he was too
    old to play with the others. He went for a
    long walk. He met Father Lion on the path.
    “Where are you going?” asked Father Lion.
    “I am going for a walk,” said Elephant.
    “I am too big to play in the water.”
    “Come with me and visit my family,” said

    Father Lion.

    42 Unit 5 Stories and descriptions

    The lions will eat me,” thought Elephant.
    He turned and ran all the way back to the
    river. Elephant decided that he was too
    young to go for a walk alone. He would leave
    being grown up for another day!

    Exercise 1: Write about the story
    Complete the sentences then match each

    sentence with a picture.

    good

    1. Elephant decided that he was too ____
    to play with the other elephants.
    2. After that he went for a ____ on his
    own.
    3. Next he met ____ ____ on the path.
    Unit 5 Stories and descriptions 43
    5.2 Describing a process
    Micheal wrote a letter to her grandmother.
    • First, she wrote the letter on a
    piece of paper.
     When she had finished writing,
    she put the letter in an envelope.
    • Then, she wrote her grandmother’s
    address on the envelope.
    • Next, she put a stamp on the envelope.
     After that, Micheal went to the post box
    and posted the letter.
    • At 7 o’clock the next morning, the
    postman emptied the post box.
    • At 10 o’clock a van took the letter to Kigali.
    • Finally, the postman delivered the letter
    to Micheal’s grandmother.
    Exercise 2: Talk about the process
    1. What did Micheal do first?
    2. What did she do after she had written
    the letter?
    3. What did the postman do?

    4. What do you think happened next?

    44 Unit 5 Stories and descriptions
    Exercise 3: Link sentences
    Copy the sentences into your exercise
    book. Use words from the boxes to
    complete the sentences.
    after that finally then next
    1. Micheal sat down and ____ began to
    write on a piece of paper.
    2. ____ she put the letter in an envelope.
    3. ____ ____ she put the letter in a post box.

    4. ____ the postman delivered the letter.

    Exercise 4: Match pictures with sentences
    In your exercise book, write down the

    numbers of the pictures in the correct order.

    good

    Unit 5 Stories and descriptions 45

    Learning box
    Full stops and capital letters
    When we write names of people and places
    we start with a capital letter. When we
    write a sentence we end with a full stop.
    Exercise 5: Use full stops and capital letters
    Write the sentences correctly.
    1. mary is going to kigali
    2. patrick is talking to frank

    3. agnes and jessica live in huye

    Exercise 6: Sing a song
    goodSing “This is the way we go to school”
    with your teacher. Use these verses:
    First of all we wash our face
    After that we comb our hair
    Then we like to eat our food

    Finally we go to school.

    46 Unit 5 Stories and descriptions
    5.3 Review
    1. Use the words in the boxes to complete
    the sentences below.
    then next after that finally
    I eat breakfast in the morning and ____
    I brush my teeth. ____ I brush my hair.
    ____ ____ I go to school. My parents read
    me a story at night time before I ____ go
    to sleep.
    2. Write the numbers of the pictures in the correct order.
    good
    3. Write a short text about the pictures
    above.
    4. Write the sentences with capital letters
    and full stops.
    a. Micheal and i are going home

    b. Mary likes reading


  • UNIT 6: Family members and 6 household activities

    Unit:6 Family members and 6 household activities

    6.1 Describing family members

    good

    6.2 Read about Alice’s family
    My name is Alice. I am seven years
    old. I have one brother. His name is
    Richard. He is nine years old. My father is
    a school teacher. My mother is a nurse.
    We live in Huye.
    My grandparents live in Karongi.
    My grandfather Makuza is 72 years old.
    My grandmother Muteteri is 70 years old.
    Uncle Emma is my father’s brother. He is
    married to Aunt Judith.
    48 Unit 6 Family members and household activities
    6.3 What jobs do they have?

    Match each word with the correct picture.

    good

    Exercise 1: Talk about your family
    1. Take turns to talk about your family.
    2. Ask and answer questions about your
    families.
    3. Say what jobs your family members
    have.

    Unit 6 Family members and household activities 49
    6.4 Talking about household activities
    We use doing words when we talk about
    household activities.
    good

    Exercise 2: Talk about household activities
    1. Tell your friend about activities at your
    home.
    2. Take turns to ask and answer questions.
    Example: What do you do? Do you

    clean the house?

    50 Unit 6 Family members and household activities
    6.5 Read about household activities
    Muteteri and Dukuze make their beds.
    Father waters the garden. Mother washes
    the clothes.
    In the evening, Father helps the children
    with their homework. Mother cooks food
    and sets the table. After supper, Muteteri

    washes dishes. Dukuze dries the dishes.

    good

    Exercise 3: Match sentences and pictures
    Match the sentences below and the
    pictures above.
    1. Muteteri makes her bed.
    2. Father waters the garden.
    3. Mother sets the table.

    4. Dukuze dries the dishes.

    Unit 6 Family members and household activities 51

    6.6 Who does what?
    The chart shows what each member of

    Muteteri’s family does.

    good

    Exercise 4: Draw up a tick chart
    Draw up a tick chart to show what your

    family members do.

    52 Unit 6 Family members and household activities
    good

    6.8 Read about Mukiza’s daily

    routine

    I get up at 5:30. Then I get dressed. I eat
    breakfast. Then I brush my teeth. I leave
    home at 6:30. I arrive at school at 6:50.

    I get home at 17:20.

    Exercise 5: Write sentences in the correct
    order
    Write sentences about your daily routine.

    Use the words below.

    good

    Exercice 5: Write sentences in the correct order
    Write sentences about your daily routine.

    Use the words below

    Unit 6 Family members and household activities 53



    good

    Exercise 6: How long does it take?
    1. At what time does Mukiza leave for
    school?
    2. How long does it take her to get to
    school?
    3. If she gets home at 17:20, at what

    time does she leave school?

    Learning box

    Working with sounds
    The following words all have i in them:
    iron, tidy, wipe, like, milk, dish.
    Say the words and write them in your

    exercise book.


    6 Unit 7 Weather4 Unit 6 Family members and household activities
    6.10 Review
    1. Write about yourself. Copy the sentences
    and fill in the missing words.
    We live in ____. I have____ brother(s)
    and ____ sister(s). My grandparents live
    in ____.
    2. Copy and complete the words.
    a. My mother c_ _ks food.
    b. I br_ _ _ my teeth.

    c. My brother f_ _ _ _es water


    3. Use the words in the boxes to complete

    the sentences below.

    g

    

    1..A ____ grows crops and keeps cattle.
    b. A ____ helps children learn to read
    and write.
    c. A ____ helps people when they
    are sick.
    d. A ____ makes things from wood.
    4. Dukuze leaves home at 6:25. He gets to
    school at 6:45. How long does the school take?

    Unit 6 Family members and household activities

    Unit 7 Weather

    u

    Exercise 1: Talk about the weather
    Look out of the window and describe the

    weather. Is it hot or cold today?


  • Unit 7 :Weather

    Unit 7 Weather

    u

    Exercise 1: Talk about the weather
    Look out of the window and describe the

    weather. Is it hot or cold today?

    Unit 7 Weather

    m

    Exercise 3: Match the sentences and the
    pictures

    Say which picture matches each sentence.

    h

    7.2 Read about the weather in
    Rwanda

    Rwanda is not very hot. Nor is it very cold.
    It is cooler in the mountains. It is warmer in
    the lowlands. In August it is hot. In April it is
    cold. In May it is cool. It is about 20 °C.

    In April it rains a lot. In July it rains a little.

    Exercise 4: What is the weather like today?
    Use the words in the boxes and
    complete the sentences.

    m1. Today it is ____ windy.
    2. Today it is raining ____.
    3. Today it is ____ cloudy.






    m

    7.3 Describing temperature
    A thermometer measures temperature.
    It is marked in degrees Celsius. When degrees

    are high, the temperature is hot or warm.

    m

    Exercise 5: Is it hot or cold?
    1. Look at picture A. Is it hot or cold?

    2. Look at picture B. Is it hot or cold?

    Learning box
    Using graphs
    We can use lines to show different
    numbers. We call this a line graph.
    The graph below shows the temperature
    for each month in Kigali.




    m

    Exercise 6: Read a temperature graph

    Look at the graph above.

    1. Which month was the hottest?

    2. Which month was the coldest?

    3. What was the temperature in March?
    good


    Exercise 7: Use the bar graph to answer

    questions

    Look at the bar graph above. Say whether

    the sentences are true or false.

    1. It rained a lot in February.

    2. There was only a little rain in July.

    3. April had more rain than any other

    month.


    Exercise 8: Talk about the weather in

    Rwanda

    Talk about the weather in Rwanda. Ask

    and answer questions.

    Example

    Question: Is it very rainy in Rwanda in

    June and July?

    Answer: No it is not. It is very dry in

    June and July.

    good

    Exercise 9: Draw a temperature graph

    Draw a line graph of the temperature in

    the area where you live. Your teacher will

    give you the monthly temperature figures

    for your area.

    7.5 Review
    1. Draw a picture showing the weather
    today. Under the picture, write a
    sentence that describes the weather.
    Example: It is cold today.
    2. Rearrange the letters below. Write the
    correct words.
    a. anri b. ylcoud
    c. yunns  d. nwiyd
    3. Complete the paragraph below about
    the weather in Rwanda. Use the words in

    boxes.

    good

    Rwanda is not too ___ or too ___. It ___
    a lot in April. It is much ___ in the
    mountains than in ___.
    good4. Draw a bar graph to show the following
    temperatures for five days:
    Monday: 20 °C
    Tuesday: 22 °C
    Wednesday: 25 °C
    Thursday: 28 °C
    Friday: 24 °C



  • Unit8: Animals, birds and insects

    Unit8  Animals, birds and insects

    good


    Exercise 1: Name these animals, birds and
    insects
    Look at the pictures above. Point to each
    animal, bird or insect and say its name.

    Start like this: This is a….

    Unit 8 Animals, birds and insects

    good

    Exercise 2: Say yes or no
    Look at the pictures above. Answer the
    question below each picture.

    Say: Yes, it is. or No, it isn’t. It is a ___.

    8.2 Saying what animals can do

    Exercise 3: How do these animals move?
    Answer the questions.
    1. Can snakes fly?
    2. Can snakes run?
    3. Can eagles fly?

    good
    good
    Exercise 4: What sounds do these animals
    make?
    1. Sing the Old MacDonald song.
    Old MacDonald had a farm
    Ee-i-ee-i-oh!
    And on that farm he had some
    chickens,
    Ee-i-ee-i-oh!
    With a cluck-cluck here, and a
    cluck-cluck there,
    Here a cluck, there a cluck,
    everywhere a cluck-cluck!
    Old MacDonald had a farm
    Ee-i-ee-i-oh!
    2. Now make up more verses about other
    animals and their sounds. The picture

    will help you

    good
    Exercise 5: Fill in a tick chart
    good1. Talk about
    what animals
    can and
    cannot do.
    2. Fill in the
    chart.
    3. Talk and write
    about the

    chart.


    Exercise 6: Play a guessing game
    Guess the name of the animal and point at
    the picture.
    good1. This animal has a
    long tail and can
    climb trees.
    2. This animal has a
    long neck.
    3. This animal has tusks
    and a long trunk.
    4. This animal has spots
    and can run very fast.

    

    8.3 What do animals eat?
    Learning box
    What do these animals eat?

    goodSome animals eat
    grass and leaves.
    Examples are buck,
    rabbits, cows and
    zebras.
    Some animals eat
    other animals.
    Examples are lions,
    leopards, snakes,
    hyenas and
    vultures.

    Exercise 7: Group animals
    1. Draw two circles in your exercise book.
    goodWrite the word meat
    in one circle and
    grass in the other.
    2. Write in each circle the names of

    animals that eat that type of food.

    8.4 Where do animals live?
    Some animals live only in certain parts of
    the world. Some elephants live in Africa.

    Some seals live in Antarctica.

    good

    Exercise 8: Use the map above
    The teacher gives learners a copy of a
    world map. On the map,the learners write
    the name of the place where these
    animals live.
    1. polar bears  2. gorillas
    3. kangaroos  4. llamas
    5. elephants  6. tigers

    7. pandas        8. lions

    8.5 Animal colours
    The special colours of animals help to protect

    them in their natural homes.

    good

    Exercise 10: Write riddles
    Write riddles about animals. Mention their
    colour, food, what they can do and where
    they live. Let your classmates guess what
    the animal is.
    Example
    What has black spots, eats meat and

    runs very fast? Answer: a cheetah

    8.6 Describing pictures of animals
    Look at what the animals in the pictures are doing.
    good

    Learning box
    Describe what is happening right now

    We use the word is or are and add -ing to
    the doing word.
    Examples: The dog is barking.
    The monkeys are not eating.
    Exercise 11: Describe what the animals are
    doing
    Describe what the animal
    in each of the pictures above is doing.

    Use words that end in -ing.

    8.7 Types of animals

    We can divide animals into groups.

    good

    Exercise 12: Fill out a chart
    Copy the chart below into your exercise
    book. The teacher reads a story about
    animals. Listen to the story and fill in
    the chart.
    good

    8.8 Review
    1. Name the animal.
    a. It has black and white stripes and
    eats grass.
    b. It has a long neck and a skin which
    has dark brown patches with light
    brown patches.
    c. It has a very long trunk and tusks.
    2. Rearrange the letters to write the names
    of animals.
    a. keymon  b. llgoria
    c. rohse        d. nsaek

    3. Look at the pictures. Fill in the chart

    good


  • Unit :9 Mathematics

    Unit  9 Mathematics

    good

    Exercise 1: Listen to numbers and write
    them down
    1. Take turns to say the numbers from one
    to ten out loud.
    2. Write the numbers out as words.
    3. Complete the sentences.
    a. Five comes after ___ and before ___.
    b. Three comes after ___.
    c. The number before eight is ___.

    Exercise 2: Names of numbers
    Say the names of all the numbers in this

    number square.

    good

    good

    Learning box
    When we add ten hundreds together we
    get one thousand.
    Ten hundreds equal one thousand.

    We write a thousand as 1,000.

    9.2 Talk about addition
    goodWhen we do addition, we
    add two or more numbers
    together to make a total.
    We use the plus sign (+) to

    show that we are adding.

    Exercise 4: Practise addition
    1. Write the calculations in words.
    a. 4 + 7 = 11 b. 3 + 5 = 8
    2. Write the words below in the correct
    order to make a calculation.
    nine, four, equals, plus, five
    3. Complete the sentences.
    In our class there are ____ boys and

    ____ girls. ____ plus ____ equals ____.

    9.3 Talk about subtraction
    When we do subtraction, we take one amount
    away from another amount. It is the opposite
    of addition. We use the minus sign (–) to show
    that we are taking something away.

    Exercise 5: Practise subtraction
    1. There are eight bananas. The monkey
    eats five. How many bananas are left?
    Write it like this: Eight minus five
    equals ____.
    2. Write the calculations in words.
    a. 7 – 4 = 3 b. 20 – 8 = 12
    3. Write the calculations in numbers.
    a. Ten minus two equals eight.

    b. Eleven minus five equals six.

    good

    9.4 Talk about multiplication
    goodWhen we multiply, we take
    one number and add it

    together a number of times

    Example
    5 multiplied by 4 = 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 20
    We took the number 5 and added it
    together 4 times. This is why

    multiplication is sometimes called “times”.

    Exercise 6: Practise multiplication
    good1. A girl has three bags
    of apples, with six
    apples in each bag.
    a. How many apples
    does she have?
    b. Write the
    calculation in
    numbers.
    2. Write these calculations in words.
    a. 3 × 3 = 9

    b. 2 × 7 = 14

    9.5 Talk about division
    goodDivision is breaking up or
    dividing a number into an

    equal number of parts.

    Example
    20 divided by 4 = ?
    If you take 20 bananas and put them into
    four equal-sized groups, there will be 5

    bananas in each group. The answer is 5.

    Exercise 7: Practise division
    1. In this bag there are 24 sweets. There
    are 6 boys who want to
    share them.
    good24 divided by 6 = ____.
    Each boy will get ____
    sweets.
    2. What is ten divided by five? Write the
    calculation in numbers.
    3. Write the calculations in words.

    a. 10 ÷ 2 = 5 b. 12 ÷ 4 = 3

    Exercise 8: Match the words and numbers
    Match the sentences in column 1 with the

    calculations in column 2.

    good

    9.6 Review
    1. Write the numbers as words.
    gooda. 9   b.  3  c. 5
    d. 11   e. 20  f. 100
    2. Match the signs in the
    table with the correct
    word.
    3. Count backwards from 20
    to 1. Write the numbers in
    your exercise book.
    4. Match the calculations
    with the correct numbers

    in words.

    good

    5. Do the following calculations in groups.

    a. 19 – 4 =
    b. 30 ÷ 5 =
    c. 21 + 3 =

    d. 6 x 5 =


  • Unit 10 Talk about events in the past and future

    Unit 10 Talk about events in the  past and future
    10.1 Recounting past events
    Look at the pictures below. Read the

    sentences.

    good

    Exercise 1: Talk about past events
    Take turns to ask and answer these
    questions.
    1. What did you do yesterday?
    2. Did you play any sport or games
    last week?
    3. What did you do on the weekend?

    10.2 Describing a day in the past
    Read the story and answer the questions.
    10.3 Ivan’s day
    Yesterday, I got up at 6:00. I got dressed.
    Then I ate my breakfast and brushed my
    teeth. I went to school and did very well in
    my Maths test. After school I played

    football. Finally, I went to bed at 20:00.

    good

    Exercise 2: Talk about a day in the past
    1. Ask each other questions.
    a. What time did you eat breakfast?
    b. What did you do next?
    c. What time did you go to bed?

    2. Write sentences about a day in the past.

    Learning box
    The past tense

    Many words get an -ed at the end in the
    past tense. Examples: work – worked, play
    – played.
    Other words change in different ways.

    Examples: eat – ate, do – did, go – went.

    We use a diary to keep a record
    goodof things we have done. We can
    also use a diary to make notes

    of things we still have to do.

    Exercise 3: Listen to a daily routine and
    make notes in a diary

    1. Write out your daily routine for the
    past week.
    2. Draw a weekly diary in your exercise
    book.
    3. Teacher asks one person in the class to
    read out their routine.
    4. Write in your diary what your
    classmate did each day.

    10.4 Describing lessons in the past

    Look at the school timetable for one day.

    good

    Exercise 4: Talk about the school timetable
    1. Tell one another about yesterday’s
    school timetable.
    2. Write about your school timetable. Use
    the words below to help you.
    good
    Example
    Yesterday the first lesson at school was
    English. After that we had Maths. Then
    we had Social Studies. Before the

    break we had Kinyarwanda.

    10.5 Telling stories

    10.6 The hare and the tortoise

    good

    There once was a Hare. He was very proud
    that he could run fast. Tortoise said to Hare,
    “Let’s run a race. I will beat you.”
    All the animals came to watch. Hare
    ran down the road and stopped. He
    looked back at Tortoise and cried out,
    “How do you expect to win this race when
    you are walking so slowly?”
    Hare fell asleep next to the road,
    thinking, “There is plenty of time to relax.”
    Tortoise walked until he reached the
    finish line. The animals clapped and
    shouted so loudly that they woke up Hare.
    Hare began to run again, but it was too
    late. Tortoise was already over the line.

    Exercise 5: Place pictures in the correct
    order

    Write the numbers of the pictures in the
    correct order.
    good

    Exercise 6: Who said it?
    Name the character from the story who

    said each sentence below

    good

    Exercise 7: Tell a story
    Tell the story of Hare and Tortoise and then
    act it out.
    10.7 Describing future plans
    Listen to Ivan and Katia talking.
    10.8 Listen to a dialogue
    Ivan: Hello, Katia. What are you going
    to do this holiday?
    Katia: Hi, Ivan. I am going to visit my
    friend in Rubavu. We are going to
    swim in Lake Kivu. And you?
    Ivan: I am going to stay at home. I am
    going to read books and play
    football with my friends.
    Katia: That sounds like fun! I am also

    going to read books.

    good

    Exercise 8: Talk about future plans
    1. Look at the pictures below. Say what
    Gasore and Neza are going to do over

    the weekend.

    good

    2. Take turns to say what you are going to

    do over the weekend.

    Learning box
    The future tense
    When we talk about the future, we say
    that we are going to do something or that

    we will do something.

    Exercise 9: Write about future plans
    Complete the sentences. Use the words

    below.

    good

    1. On Tuesday I am going to ___ ___
    early.
    2. I will ___ my face, then I will ___ ___
    and then ___ my teeth.
    3 Before I go to school I will ___ ___ ___.
    4. From now on, I ___ ___ to be on time.


    Exercise 10: Make a weekly plan

    1. Look at this weekly plan and fill in the
    missing dates.
    2. In each block, write something that you

    will do on that day.

    good

    10.9 Review

    1. Complete the sentences in column 2`

    good

    2. Complete the sentences with forms of the
    word swim.
    a. I am ____ in the lake.
    b. Yesterday I ____ in the lake.
    3. Complete the story.
    Yesterday Mary went to a shop and
    bought a radio. Today she is listening to
    music. Tomorrow she ____ ____ to music.
    4. What did you do yesterday? Complete
    the sentences.
    a. I ate my breakfast at ____ o’clock.
    b. Then I ____.

    c. I went to bed at ____ o’clock.