Topic outline

  • UMUTWE 1:KUBAKA UMUCO W’AMAHORO

    Ubushobozi bw’ingenzi bugamijwe
    - Gusesengura umwandiko ku kurwanya ihohotera no kugaragaza ingingo 
    z’ingenzi ziwugize.
    - Gusesengura amagambo aturuka ku ikomora hagaragazwa uturemajambo 

    twayo.

    Igikorwa cy’umwinjizo 
    Ushingiye ku bumenyi bwawe bwite, sobanura ihohoterwa, uko rivuka, 

    ibiritera, ingaruka zaryo n’ingamba zo kurikumira hubakwa umuco w’amahoro.

    I.1. Umwandiko: Umwana wahohotewe


    “Uriya mugore se ko mbona ari kwivugisha amagambo menshi yiyesura, 
    byamugendekeye bite? Cyo re! Dore aricara agahita ahaguruka akajya kurunguruka 
    mu idirishya akongera akicara. Uriya ni umurwayi pe! Noneho ndabona atangiye 
    kwishima mu mutwe, ubanza uyu munsi yacanganyikiwe! Cyangwa uburwayi bwo 
    mu mutwe abumaranye iminsi! Yewe, ubanza yataye umutwe, reka mwegere 
    nankundira tukaganira ndareba icyo namufasha.” Nkimara kugisha umutima inama, 
    nibaza uko ngiye kumwegera ngo muganirize. Mu gihe ntarahaguruka, atangira 
    kuvugira hejuru mu ijwi riranguruye asakuza cyane agira ati: “Ubu koko turerere 
    he? Mu ngo tubasigira abakozi bakabahohotera! Mu baturanyi na ho harimo 
    inyangabirama zibahohotera! Ku mashuri na ho hari abarezi bamwe na bamwe 
    babahohotera. Iki ni ikibazo gikomeye Leta igomba gukumira amazi atararenga 
    inkombe”!
     Ibyo yabivugaga ubona ababaye ariko kubera ko nta muntu yavugishaga, abari aho 
    dukomeza kumuhanga amaso gusa dukeka ko yaba afite ikibazo cyo mu mutwe. 
    Yari yambaye ingutiya ndende n’agapira gusa. Nta nkweto yari yambaye ariko 
    bigaragara ko yari umuntu usanzwe ari umusirimu. Ibirenge bye byari byuzuyeho 
    uburimiro ndetse n’intoki zuzuye ibitaka boshye umuntu wahoze ahinga. Hashize 
    akanya gato arongera atangira gusakuza. Ati: “Abana bacu tubahungishirize he? Mu 
    ngo barahohoterwa, mu baturanyi ni uko, none n’abakabarinze barabahohotera! Ni 
    ishyano! Ni ishyano nta we naribwira weee! Sinamutanga weee! Oya!”
    Uko yakomezaga gusakuza ni na ko yajyaga ahaguruka akongera agakubita ijisho 

    mu idirishya ryari hejuru y’aho yari yicaye. Hashize akanya hasohoka umuganga 

    wari wambaye itaburiya y’umweru tubona amuhereje imyenda yari asohokanye 
    asa n’umwihanganisha, arongera arinjira naho wa mugore akomeza kwicara 
    aho. Ngeze aho ndamwegera. Ku bibero bye yari ahafite imyenda muganga yari 
    amaze kumuhereza, nitegereje mbona ni agakariso kabaye ubushwangi n’akajipo 
    kakwira umwana w’imyaka itanu kacikaguritse kandi kahindutse amaraso. Mugeze 
    iruhande, ndamusuhuza anyikirizanya ishavu n’agahinda. Yari yataye umutwe ku 
    buryo ibyo namubazaga byose yansubizaga igisubizo kimwe gusa kidafitanye isano 
    n’icyo mubaza: “Ni se”. Nti: “Byagenze bite”? Ati: “Se”. Nyuma yo kumara umwanya 
    muvugisha akansubiza ibiterekeranye, mpitamo kumuhagurutsa aho yari yicaye 
    ndamusindagiza mugeza aho batangira ubufasha ku bahungabanye. Mwinjiza mu 
    nzu, tuhasanga umukobwa ubishinzwe amwereka aho yicara. 
    Mu gihe atangiye kumuganiza nge ndasohoka. Nkigera hanze mpahurira n’abagore 
    babiri bari bavuye gukingiza barimo baganira. Sininjiye mu kiganiro cyabo ariko 
    nkomeza kugikurikira. Baganiraga bavuga umugabo wahohoteye umwana we 
    wiga mu mashuri y’inshuke amusanze mu rugo wenyine nyina yagiye mu murima. 
    Nkimara kubyumva nsanisha iyo nkuru n’uko wa mugore yansubizaga, nibuka ko 
    yasaga nk’uvuye mu murima nkeka ko umwana bavuga ari uwe. Nsubira mu nzu 
    aho nari namusize nsanga yacururutse aganira na wa mukobwa. 
    Mpageze ashaka guceceka ariko wa mukobwa aramubwira ati: “ Komeza nta kibazo 
    uyu ni we wakuzanye aha”. Arakomeza aramutekerereza. “Bahise bampamagara 
    ndi guhinga ngo Karake, umugabo wange, yaje avuye mu kabari yasinze kanyanga 
    amufata ku ngufu. Nahise mva mu murima aho nufiraga amasaka nsanga umwana 
    aravirirana ni ko kumuzana kwa muganga. Nongeye kugarura ubwenge nisanga aha 
    tuganirira”.
    - None se Karake asanzwe anywa kanyanga?
    - Yayinywaga ariko nta kindi gihe yigeze akora ishyano nk’iryo.
    - Wa mukobwa asa n’uguye mu kantu, aceceka akanya gato maze bimwanga 
    mu nda akomeza kumuganiriza.
    - Buriya rero sinaba ngushinyaguriye nkubwiye ko ishyano ryaguye iwanyu nawe 
    warigizemo uruhare. Iyo ubonye uwo ari we wese akoresha ibiyobyabwenge 
    ntabwo uba ukwiye kumuhishira. Kwinumira ni nko kureka igitambambuga 
    iruhande rw’umunyotwe. Kiwugeraho kikawusandaguza boshye ivu. Nyamara 
    iyo uba warabigejeje ku bayobozi bari ku mugorora bakamugira inama akareka 
    kanyanga. Ndakubwiza ukuri nta mubyeyi muzima wakorera umwana we ibya 
    mfura mbi nka biriya. Ni ikibazo k’ingaruka z’ibiyobyabwenge. Ikindi kandi 
    ni ngombwa kujya tuganiriza abana bacu tubigisha gutahura abantu bafite 
    ingeso mbi, bashobora kubahohotera. Ibyo byatuma bamenya kuvumbura 
    ufite umugambi mubisha wo kubahohotera bakamuhungira kure.
    Wa mugore yari yagaruye akenge yumva ibyo umukobwa amubwira atuje. Hashize 
    akanya abaza wa mukobwa.
    - None se ubwo Leta izamuhanisha iki? Si ukumufunga burundu ngahinduka 
    umupfakazi?
    - Leta nta nyungu iba ifite mu gufunga abantu burundu, icyo iba igamije ni 
    ukugorora umuhemu uba wakoze icyaha. Iyo amaze kwigishwa imyitwarire 
    ye ikagaragaza ko ibyatumye akora icyo cyaha atabisubira, baramufungura 
    akagaruka gufatanya n’abandi kubaka igihugu. Si byiza rero guhishira uwakoze 
    ishyano nk’iryo kuko uba umutesheje amahirwe yo kugororwa ngo ahinduke 
    muzima. Umuzima arafungurwa naho umutindi unangira ntagaragaze ko 
    yicuza ibyo yakoze ni we ufungwa burundu.
    - Urakoze kubera ibisobanuro umpaye n’inama ungiriye, ndumva nacururutse 
    reka nge kureba uko umwana ameze ubu muganga yanshatse arambura.
    Akimara kumushimira, turasohokana twerekeza aho bakirira abarwayi baje ari 
    indembe; hamwe nari namukuye yataye umutwe. Tuhageze umwe mu baganga bari 
    bahari amubwira ko ategereza gato, ko umwana arimo gukurikiranwa n’abaganga 
    kandi ko ibizamini byafashwe babijyanye muri raboratwari kureba niba nta bundi 

    burwayi yaba yatewe n’ihohoterwa yakorewe.

    I.1.1. Gusoma no gusobanura umwandiko




    Ongera usome umwandiko “Umwana wahohotewe”, maze usubize ibibazo 
    byawubajijweho. 
    1. Umugore uvugwa mu gika cya mbere cy’umwandiko yari he? Kubera iki? 
    2. Ni ibiki bigaragaza ko umugore uvugwa mu mwandiko yasaga 
    nk’uwataye umutwe? 
    3. Ni irihe hohoterwa rivugwa muri uyu mwandiko? Ni nde wahohoteye 
    undi? Yabitewe n’iki? 
    4. Ni he havugwa mu mwandiko hashobora gukorerwa ihohoterwa?
    5. Ese mbere yo kuganira n’uriya mukobwa, uwo mugore yari afite 
    umugambi wo gutanga umugabo we? Sobanura igisubizo cyawe. 
    6. Muri uyu mwandiko baratanga inama y’uko twarwanya ihohoterwa. 

    Izo nama ni izihe?


    Ongera usome umwandiko “Umwana wahohotewe” maze usubize ibibazo 
    bikurikira:
    1. Ni iyihe nsanganyamatsiko ivugwa muri uyu mwandiko?
    2. Ni izihe ngingo z’ingenzi zivugwa mu mwandiko?
    3. Garagaza ubundi bwoko bw’ihohoterwa ritavuzwe mu mwandiko.

    4. Ni izihe ngaruka uwahohotewe ashobora guhura na zo?

    Wifashishije umwandiko “Umwana wahohotewe” n’ubumenyi rusange, 
    ungurana ibitekerezo na bagenzi bawe ku nsanganyamatsiko ikurikira: 

    “Ingamba zafatwa kugira ngo hakumirwe ihohoterwa.”

    Itegereze amagambo atsindagiye ari muri izi interuro zikurikira, ugire icyo 
    uyavugaho uhereye ku miterere n’inkomoko yayo. Uhereye ku miterere 
    n’inkomoko yayo, kora ubushakashatsi utahure inshoza y’ikomoranshinga, 
    ugaragaze uko inshinga zivuka ziturutse ku mazina n’uturemajambo twazo.
    1. Uko uwo mugore yakomezaga gusakuza ni ko yahagurukaga akareba 
    mu idirishya ryari hejuru y’aho yari yicaye.
    2. Abayobozi bakunda kujanisha kugira ngo bamenye umubare 
    w’abahohoterwa muri rusange.
    3. Iyo bwije, kumurika mu nzu bigabanya ubwoba.
    4. Umuntu muzima arangwa no gutagatifuza ibikorwa bye.
    I.2.1.1. Inshoza y’ikomoranshinga
    Ikomoranshinga ni ihimba ry’inshinga nshya uhereye ku bicumbi by’andi magambo 
    asanzwe mu rurimi cyangwa imizi y’inshinga. Hari amatsinda abiri y’ikomoranshinga: 
    ikomoranshinga mvazina n’ikomoranshinga mvanshinga.
    I.2.1.2. Inshoza y’ikomonshinga mvazina
    Ikomoranshinga mvazina ni ihimba ry’inshinga uhereye ku bicumbi by’amazina 
    asanzwe ari mu rurimi.
    a) Gukomora inshinga ku izina
    Gukomora inshinga ku izina ni byo byitiriwe ikomoranshinga mvazina. Iri 

    komoranshinga rikoresha ingereka zikurikira: -h-;-k-; -r-; -ah-ar-, -ik-,-ur-,





    b) Uturemajambo tw’inshinga zo mu ikomoranshinga mvazina
    Inshinga zishingiye ku ikomoranshinga mvazina zifite uturemajambo dusa 
    neza n’utw’inshinga isanzwe. Twabonye ko uturemajambo tw’inshinga ari: 
    akano, indanganshinga, impakanyi, igenantego/indangagihe, 
    inyibutsacyuzuzo, umuzi, ingereka n’umusozo. 

    Inshinga yavutse kubera ikomoranshinga ishobora kugira utwo turemajambo twose 
    cyangwa tumwe muri two.
    Ingero
    a) Inuma iraguguza cyane.
    b) Tumufashe areke gutindahazwa no kubura icyo akora.
    c) Uyu mwana agomba kugirwa inama zimunezeza kuko amaze gusorekara.

    d) Kudumbura abandi mu mazi si igikorwa cyo gutagatifuzwa.




    Bagenahirwe munyumve
    Bagenategeko mumvune
    Munyumvire iyi mvamutima
    Navogerewe imvugiro
    Muramvane mu makuba.
    Navangiwe mu mvugo
    N’abakagombye kunyumva
    Bakamvana mu mahoro
    Bakanjyana mu makuba
    Kandi rwose ari bakuru.
    Ngenda mpura n’amahano
    Ngahohoterwa bahari
    Ubwo ndatinya ngaceceka
    Ngahora mpangayitse
    Ngira ngo mwese muri bamwe!
    Nahuye na muranduranzuzi
    Aranzuyaza ngo aranduzi
    Aranzenguruka ndazimira
    Cyaruzi ubwo aranzonga
    Yizimanira akayuzi kange.
    Runyogozi, muhishwambuto
    Atambuka apfutse ingohe
    Ngo maze angushe mu mutego
    Intege zange akirigita
    Bindigisiriza ubuzima.
    Ruzingabato yarateye
    Ngo atahe itoto ryange
    Yiteruzwa udutako
    Nako udufaranga
    Ngo antahire agahugu!
    Agahugu kange ni gato
    Abazingambuto baragateye
    Baragatunduza mfite intimba
    Murambe hafi birangoye
    Ubuzima burizinga.
    Intara zose yarazikwiye
    Ntarumanga arazivuyanga
    Atitaye ko zidakomeye
    Akazisenya nta soni
    12
    Agera ikambere n’ibikari,
    Bya bimamyi by’ibimama
    Biguha imari y’amahano
    Bikakunyunya nk’uwanyazwe
    Bikakunyonga ubutanyurwa
    Bikunyuza inyenga y’amarira.
    Ba bisukari isiga ingese
    Ntibasiba baraserutse
    Kuko basanganywe isoni nke
    Baragusekera bakagusoroma
    Bakagusenya ugasiga isi.
    Abanyumvise mubimenye
    Ba bihehe mubamenye
    Bakunyuza mu rihumye
    Maze ukagenda utabimenye
    Ugafumbira umunaba.
    Banyamishinga mudufashe
    Murashishoze dushobore
    Ibyo kujisha shugadadi
    Tujwigirize shugamami
    Ishaba y’abato ishishe. 

    Umuhanzi 

    NSENGIMANA Cyriaque

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Muhishwambuto”, maze usubize ibibazo 
    byawubajijweho. 
    1. Ni irihe hohoterwa rivugwa muri uyu mwandiko?
    2. Ni ba nde umuhanzi asaba ko bamwumva muri iki kibazo k’ihohoterwa?
    3. Ijambo “ Abazingambuto” risobanura iki? 
    4. Abazingambuto bahohoteye bate uvugwa mu mwandiko?
    5. Ese hari aho bavuga ko muhishwambuto yakwiriye ahantu hose? 
    Byerekanishe amagambo yo mu mwandiko.
    6. Hari abantu bavugwa ko bakwiye kwamaganwa bashukana bitwaje 

    imari. Abo ni ba nde?

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Muhishwambuto”, maze usubize ibibazo 
    byawubajijweho. 
    1. Umwandiko «Muhishwambuto » uri mu buhe bwoko bw’umwandiko? 
    Sobanura igisubizo cyawe.
    2. Ni izihe ngingo z’ingenzi ziri mu mwandiko?
    3. Ni ba nde bashobora guhohotera umwana?

    4. Ni izihe ngaruka uwahohotewe ashobora guhura na zo?

    Soma interuro zikurikira, witegereze inshinga zitsindagiye hanyuma ugaragaze 
    intego yazo. Hera ku ntego y’izo nshinga maze usobanure uko inshinga zivuka 
    ku zindi kandi ugaragaze uturemajambo two mu ikomoranshinga mvanshinga. 
    a) Abantu bakunda kurwanya ihohotera barangwa n’umutima mwiza
    b) Kugendererwa n’abashyitsi ni umugisha.
    c) Uwahohotewe asabwa kuvugisha ukuri kugira ngo yitabweho.
    d) Kunezerwa birakwiye ku bantu bose.

    I.4.1. Inshoza y’ikomoranshinga mvanshinga
    Ikomoranshinga mvanshinga ni ihanga ry’inshinga nshya uhereye ku mizi y’inshinga 
    zisanzwe mu rurimi. Iri komoranshinga rikoresha ingereka zitandukanye. Twabonye 
    ko ingereka ari uturemajambo tujya hagati y’umuzi n’umusozo tukazanira inshinga 
    ingingo nshya. Twabonye kandi ko iyo umuzi wiyunze n’ingereka bibyara igicumbi 

    gishya kitwa intima.

    I.4.2. Uturemajambo tw’inshinga zo mu ikomoranshinga 
    mvanshinga

    Inshinga zishingiye ku ikomoranshinga mvanshinga na zo zifite uturemajambo dusa 
    neza n’utw’inshinga isanzwe. 
    Inshinga yavutse kubera ikomoranshinga mvanshinga ishobora kugira utwo 
    turemajambo twose cyangwa tumwe muri two nko mu ikomoranshinga mvazina.
    Ingero
    a) Nibatazabimujanishiriza azabyibagirwa kuko azaba ari kwambarira urugamba.

    b) Murakomangwa n’umutima ngo muge gufasha uwahohotewe.

    I.5. Imyitozo y’ubushobozi ngiro bw’umunyeshuri
    Ugendeye ku mabwiriza agenga ihangamwandiko, hanga umwandiko ufite 
    hagati y’imirongo mirongo itatu na mirongo ine ku nsanganyamatsiko ikurikira: 
    “Gukumira ihohoterwa ni ishingiro ryo kubaka umuco w’amahoro arambye”. 
    Mu magambo agize uwo mwandiko hagaragaremo inshinga zikomoka ku 
    ikomoranshinga.
    Ubu nshobora:
    - Gusoma neza nubahiriza utwatuzo n’isesekaza.
    - Gukoresha mu nteruro amagambo nungutse. 
    - Gusesengura umwandiko ngaragaza ingingo z’ingenzi ziwukubiyemo. 
    - Gusobanura intandaro y’ihohoterwa n’uburyo bwo kurikumira
    - Gusesengura amagambo ashingiye ku ikomoranshinga ngaragaza 
    uturemajambo n’amategeko y’igenamajwi. 
    Ubu ndangwa no:
    - Kurwanya ihohoterwa aho nahura na ryo hose.
    - Kwimakaza umuco w’amahoro. 

    I. 6. Isuzuma risoza umutwe wa mbere
    Umwandiko: Turwanye ihohoterwa

    Mu muco nyarwanda, kubaha ubuzima ni indangagaciro mpuzabantu kuko ubwo 
    buzima umuntu abwifuriza abandi, akabuhabwa n’abandi, na we akabuha abandi. 
    Kubaho mu mudendezo bishingira ku muco w’amahoro wubakwa mu muryango 
    uwo ari wo wose kandi bikagerwaho umuntu yiyushye akuya kuko binyura mu nzira 
    nyinshi harimo no kurwanya ihohoterwa. Guhohotera umuntu ni ukumwiyenzaho 
    atakwakuye cyangwa se ataguteyeho amahane, kumuvutsa ibyo afiteho 
    uburenganzira bitewe n’uko umurusha imbaraga cyangwa umufiteho ububasha. 
    Buri muntu wese agira agaciro ahabwa na kamere avukana maze uburenganzira 
    bwe ntibube umurage w’ababyeyi cyangwa undi muntu. Nta mpamvu n’imwe 
    ishobora gutuma hagira uhohoterwa kabone n’ubwo amategeko y’umuryango 
    runaka yaba abangamira ubwoko ubu n’ubu, abantu b’igitsina iki n’iki, idini, 
    ururimi, abo badasangiye igihugu, umutungo, ikiciro cy’abaturage bavukamo, 
    ibitekerezo byabo n’ibindi. Kurwanya ihohoterwa bishingira ku mahame amwe 
    n’amwe y’uburenganzira bwa muntu nko kwishyira ukizana, kugira umutekano 
    no kugira imibereho myiza. Uko byaba kose n’uko byagenda kose, agaciro ka 
    muntu ntikagabanywa, ntikanasubizwa inyuma kandi gashimangirwa n’amategeko 
    mpuzamahanga ibihugu biba byaremeye, bikanayashyiraho umukono. Nubwo 
    bimeze bityo, si ko hose byubahirizwa.
    Burya koko nta kabura imvano, ibitera ihohoterwa ni imyumvire mibi, imyifatire 
    n’imyitwarire bitaboneye harimo ubusambanyi, kunywa ibiyobyabwenge, ubugizi 
    bwa nabi n’ibindi byinshi. Ihohoterwa kandi rigaragarira mu mvugo isesereza, 
    isebanya no mu bikorwa bitesha agaciro ikiremwa muntu nko gufata ku ngufu, 
    gukoresha imirimo ivunanye, gutoteza, n’indi migirire igayitse igira ingaruka ku 
    bato n’abakuru. Imvugo n’ibikorwa by’ihohoterwa bigira inkurikizi zitabarika ku 
    babikorewe nko kwiheba, gutakaza ikizere, kwiheza mu bikorwa bitandukanye, 
    kugira ipfunwe, kugira ihungabana n’izindi. 
    Kugira ngo hirindwe izo ngaruka, buri wese akwiye kuba umusemburo w’amahoro, 
    ayasakaza mu bandi mu migirire ye ya buri munsi. Bajya bavuga ngo: “Kwirinda 
    biruta kwivuza.” Ni ngombwa gufata ingamba zikumira ihohoterwa bigizwemo 
    uruhare n’inzego z’ubuyobozi ku bufatanye n’abaturage n’imiryango yigenga. Ibyo 
    byagerwaho habayeho gushyiraho amategeko n’ibihano bikwiye ku bahohotera 
    abandi, guhugura abantu b’ibyiciro binyuranye, gutegura amarushanwa yamagana 
    ihohoterwa iryo ari ryo ryose, gushyiraho amatsinda n’ibigo byihariye bishinzwe 
    gukumira no kurwanya ihohoterwa n’ibindi.
    Bityo rero, umuco w’amahoro ugomba guhera ku muntu ubwe, akawusakaza mu 
    bandi, ugakwira igihugu ndetse n’isi yose kuko “Ijya kurisha ihera ku rugo”. Buri 
    wese ahamagariwe kuba ijisho rya mugenzi we, akagaragaza hakiri kare imyitwarire 
    yatuma umuryango uhungabana ntugere ku iterambere rirambye.
    I. Ibibazo byo kumva no gusesengura umwandiko
    1. Uburenganzira bwa muntu bugaragazwa n’iki?
    2. Ni izihe ngaruka zishobora kuba ku muntu wahohotewe?
    3. Ni izihe ngamba zafatwa kugira ngo hakumirwe ihohoterwa?
    4. Tanga ingero byibura eshanu zigaragaza ibikorwa by’ihohoterwa.
    5. Wafasha ute uwahohotewe?
    6. Ni ba nde bakwiye kurwanya ihohoterwa?
    II. Ibibazo by’inyunguramagambo
    1. Simbuza ijambo (amagambo) ryanditse ritsindagiye, impuzanyito iri mu 
    mwandiko.

    a) Uwahohotewe ntabaho mu mahoro.
    b) Mu muco nyarwanda birabujijwe kwambura umuntu uburenganzira bwe.
    c) Ufashwe ku ngufu ashobora gukurizamo kugira ikangarana rikomeye.
    d) Dutozwa kwirinda gukoresha imvugo ibabaza umuntu.
    5. 2. Kora interuro ngufi ukoresheje amagambo akurikira:
    a) Umurage
    b) Kwishyira ukizana
    c) Ibiyobyabwenge
    d) Ipfunwe
    5. 3. Uzurisha izi nteruro amagambo avuye mu mwandiko. 
    a) Umuntu muzima arangwa n’…..mwiza wo guha …….buri muntu. 
    b) U Rwanda rwashyizeho……. arengera ikiremwa muntu.
    c) Kurwanya….ni inshingano yacu twese. 
    III. Ikibonezamvugo
    1. Tanga ingero ebyiri z’inshinga zifite imizi yakomotse ku bwoko bw’amagambo 
    bukurikira:
    a) Ntera b) Inyigana c) Izina
    2. Garagaza uturemajambo tw’inshinga zitsindagiye ugaragaze n’amategeko 
    y’igenamajwi. 
    a) Twirinde gusesagura ubuzima budatangwa na muntu.
    b) Ibimenyetso byose birafotorwa.
    c) Gukazanura byaracitse mu muco nyarwanda.
    d) We anezwa no kwitabwaho.

  • UMUTWE 2:UMUCO NYARWANDA

    Ubushobozi bw’ingenzi bugamijwe :
    - Gusesengura zimwe mu ngeri z’ubuvanganzo nyarwanda hagaragazwa 
    uturango twazo.
    - Gusobanura iminozanganzo no kuyikoresha ahanga:
    Igikorwa cy’umwinjizo
    Tekereza, maze ugaragaze bimwe mu bintu biranga umuco nyarwanda 
    byanyuraga mu buvanganzo nyarwanda. Urebye nk’igihe bakosorana mu 
    biganiro byabo, nk’ibyakorerwaga ibwami, mu muryango nyarwanda nk’igihe 
    bungutse umwana, mu misango y’ubukwe n’ahandi.

    Babyirukanye ingoga mu gutamira
    Abana ba Kigeri abyiruye
    Bene Rwigurangoma rwa Ngoboka ya Rwangoruke
    Aba bana se yabyaye bakuranye icyusa mu irya
    Barasagambye nka Bisu bya Nyamihana
    Baza guhanwa na nde ngo bitonde mu gutamira
    Uwakabahannye ko ari mukuru wabo
    Bakaba bakoma ku ngeso yawe!
    Iyo ngeso barayibyariye abami
    Ba Bwimandubaruba na Bwimanduga
    Barabishyuhaguza ibihaza!
    Rutarindwa 
    Ati: “Ndi igisoka singihazwa n’agasate,”
    Ndi umutware w’Ibisumizi
    Ibyo mwumva ge nzigira mu Gisigari
    Iyo bahinga mu Rukubye, na rwo rukoroha
    Nkamenya guhangira inyama!
    Sharangabo
    Agira imandwa ikaba indubizi
    Ati: “Munyijyanire i Nyakabanda ka Kigali
    Bandebere cya giti kiri aho kikitwa umuvure
    Bacyuzuze amazi n’imineke ngumye kubayagura
    Sinteze guhezera na mugenzi wange!”

    Nshozamihigo
    Yariye kandore y’ i Nduga
    Ayimiragura ayivanga n’ ibivuzo
    Bigeze mu nda biragugara
    Ati: “Munyegereze ibitoke n’ibijumba n’umubanji
    Ngumye nkomere mu nda yange
    Ngana Mugaza wa nzovu.
    Gashamura
    Abona ubwato ntazihazine
    Akazengerezwa nk’uwasinze
    Rutarindwa yagira ngo ariyubanganya
    Akabimyoza aho imbere ye
    Ibisumizi bimukobye
    Ati: “Ngira umusongozi gito
    Akantekera imiranzi y’inyama
    N’imitura y’ibishyimbo
    Ntagomba guhisha aragapfa azamenya ingeso”.
    Rukangirashyamba aje kumuhana
    Ati: “Ni ukuri mwana wange
    Ni uko nyine uruzi nisaziye
    Umuganura waramuka waje ntiwansumbya umuhogo.
    Bisangwa ni mukuru utabakoma
    Iyo akubirije imvuruge y’isogi
    N’imitura y’ibishyimbo ntareka bihora
    We aravunjagura agacisha ruguru
    Ati: “Nagabanye ibigega
    Mumpakurire umutsima munini
    Ungana cya kigega kerekeye mu Koko
    Nge ndabasumbya mu kurya!”
    Rwayitare yatamiye intore
    I Bunganyana rya Nyirabitero
    Aracyatamba gusaba imyuko
    Rwangeyo ati: “Ndi Umunyiginya mukuru
    I Kundamvura ya Bitero, nkikundisha isogi
    Yamara kuyirya akaganya mu mabondo ikagugara”.
    Rukangamiheto yakangase amenyo ku magufwa
    Arahunja n’igitondora, ndamureba ndamugaya
    Nti: “Mbe nyamuhunja ko utarobanura”?
    Ati: “Sinabona akanya nasiga inyuma

    Muryamo yarateye, byantera agahinda”.
    Yenda ibihaha byayo arakoranya n’imyijima
    Ahinduka rugara mu nzu
    Ntiyabona ibitotsi byo kuryama
    Ruyimbo ararenza n’umugongo
    Inda iramugora arahemuka.
    Nzirabatinyi yagugunnye ingoma
    Imikoba iramwica mu bijigo
    Muzarebe Rubanda rwa Rwingwe
    Acuma amabondo
    Sezikeye ati: “Ge ngira iryinyo rikaba intorezo
    Narikomanga ku nkoro inkono iri ku ziko”.
    Nti: “Muranyongere inyama
    Akaba umwaka atarabaga
    Yamara kubaga bugatuma yiyegura imiryango
    Akaba ukwe!
    Kamarashavu yishinze inkori z’i Kigali
    I Bugagara bwa Nyiragasogwe
    Bashyizemo amavuta n’umunyu
    Aragumya yoreza iyo!
    Karunganwa ati: “Ndi umwana w’Umwami
    Mvuka mu nda y’ingoma
    Simenya guterera mira bunguri”.
    Cyitatire yariye ubushaza i Shegama
    Maze se aramwanga ngo yamucuze impamba.
    Musinga yamiraguye imitura y’ibishyimbo
    Bahutira ihene ku nda barakubita n’ububaya
    Yaguye impishyi bacisha mu bigega.
    Muhigirwa yahigiye ingundu y’abatunzi
    Agaca mu cyanzu
    Nahace arahakwiye
    Agatsinda yameze aye menyo
    Yo kubagira ibimasa mu Nyamagana.
    Rwabirinda yarindiriye abicaye ku ziko
    Bahembwe ngo bararinda cyane
    Ashakira inzira mu mwinjiro
    Arabiyogoza mu buriri.
    Ati: “Ndi mukuru nkabahenda

    Twatigirira ibyo kwiba nabananize cyane”.

    Kayijuka bamuhaye ikibo, icyansi, n’icyabya
    Byose asa na cya Nyarwaya
    I Nyarubuye hari ibigoryi bibiri
    Hari n’undi nabwiwe
    Ngo ntibagisumbanya ingeso
    Mubashyiremo na nyirabo Rwabizamurego
    Cya gicuba k’i Bumbogo cyaramuka cyaje
    Rugoma rubuganizwa ijana yagabanywa ite?
    Ariko nayanywe arabikwiye
    We uhora azizana akazongera mu ze!
    Yazinyaze ibindi bihugu.

    (Cyahimbwe na Senkabura ya Kibaba wo mu Rusenyi.)

    1. Koresha amagambo akurikira dusanga mu mwandiko mu nteruro 
    wihimbiye: 
    a) Guhakura umutsima 
    b) Umusongozi
    c) Indubizi 
    d) Guhunja
    2. Buri jambo ritsindagiye risimbuze iryo bivuga kimwe riboneka mu 
    mwandiko kandi usanishe neza interuro wahawe:
    a) Kampayana ngo yaba yarahuhuwe n’ivutu yatewe n’ibikeregete 
    by’imitura.
    b) Aba bana koko babyirukanye imbaraga mu kubasha rukacarara.
    c) Kabutura yakurikije ingeso ya se
    d) Rutamizabiri umiragura yokerwa ibisogi bishyushye ubutunguruza

    asangira ate na ba Kazehe?

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Babyirukanye ingoga mu gutamira” hanyuma 
    usubize ibibazo bikurikira:
    1. Hari imyifatire y’umunyenda mbi igaragara mu mwandiko? Yivuge.
    2. Hari ibihemu bivugwa mu mwandiko. Bivuge.
    3. Mu buse nta we batinya na busa. Bigaragaze utanga ingero mu 
    mwandiko.
    4. Shaka muri uyu mwandiko ingingo zisekeje usobanura n’impamvu 
    zisekeje.
    5. Shaka muri uyu mwandiko amazina y’abana (ibikomangoma) 
    bavuzwemo bakomoka kuri Kigeli IV Rwabugiri.
    6. Hari amwe mu mazina y’abantu n’ay’ahantu avugwa mu mwandiko. 

    Yashake muri iki kinyatuzu ujya iburyo, ibumoso, hasi cyangwa hejuru.

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Babyirukanye ingoga mu gutamira” hanyuma 
    usubize ibibazo bikurikira:
    1. Uyu mwandiko ushobora kugira inyito y’umutwe urenze umwe, tanga 
    ingero zawubera umutwe.
    2. Tanga inama kuri ba rutamizabiri bashobora kuboneka mu bigero 
    byose by’abantu.
    3. Garagaza ingingo z’ingenzi ziri muri uyu mwandiko.
    4. Muri uyu mwandiko, ukurikije inyurabwenge, umuhanzi agamije 

    gusebya abatware? Sobanura.

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Babyirukanye ingoga mu gutamira” ugereranye 
    ibivugwamo n’ibyavugwaga mu yindi myandiko wize, maze ukore 
    ubushakashatsi utahure inshoza y’igisigo cy’ubuse, ugaragaze uturango 
    twacyo n’akamaro ko kukiga.
    II.2.1. Inshoza y’igisigo cy’ubuse
    Abasesenguye neza ibisigo by’ubuse bagaragaje ko igisigo cy’ubuse ari umwandiko 
    w’ubuvanganzo uba uhimbitse nk’ibisetso ndetse birenze ibisetso bigasa 
    n’ibisebanyo. Ni inganzo yaba yaravukiye mu matorero y’intore, aho wasangaga 
    abantu biga kuvuga neza, bagacyocyorana ntihagire urakara; uwarakaraga mu 
    biganiro bakamwita igifura kitazi kuba mu bandi cyangwa akitwa umunyamusozi. 
    Abantu batazi gutarama barakazwaga n’ibyo bisigo babitaga ibifura. Ubusanzwe 
    ubuse ni umushyikirano w’abase n’abantu bo mu bwoko bubamarira urubanza, 

    ukarangwa no gushotorana basa n’abatukana ariko ntibigire uwo birakaza. 

    II.2.2. Uturango tw’igisigo cy’ubuse
    Ibisigo by’ubuse birangwa no kuba bisetsa ariko bisa n’ibisebanya cyangwa 
    bisesereza. Usanga kandi bakoreshamo tumwe mu turango tw’ubusizi.
    Abahimbaga ibisigo by’ubuse, babaga bagambiriye gusetsa abandi bahungu. Mu 
    basizi bazwi baba barakenetse inganzo y’ibisigo by’ubuse harimo Musenyeri 
    Alegisi Kagame. Yaje guhimbazwa n’iyi nganzo y’ibisigo by’ubuse maze arayigana 
    ahimba umuvugo muremure yakubiye mu gatabo yise “Indyoheshabirayi”. Muri 
    ako gatabo Kagame atera ubuse umwami Mutara Rudahigwa n’abatware be. Ako 
    gatabo kasohotse bakiriho ariko ntawamurakariye kuko bose bari bamenyereye iyo 
    nganzo.
    Kagame arondoramo ubusambo bw’abatware ku nyama y’ingurube, agaragaza ko 
    abanyaporitiki bo hejuru (umwami n’abatware) ari abantu nk’abandi bashobora 
    gucuranwa. Agaragaza kandi ko no mu bwami hatakiri ibintu by’ibanga bituma 
    ibihakorerwa bitamenyekana muri rubanda.
    II.2.3. Akamaro ko kwiga igisigo cy’ubuse
    Kwiga ibisigo by’ubuse bifite akamaro kuko bituma umuntu yongera ubushobozi mu 
    by’ubuhanzi. Bituma kandi akeneka iyi nganzo yo guseka ingeso z’abantu bamwe 
    na bamwe kugira ngo bikosore. Binatoza kandi abantu kuba intyoza mu biganiro 
    n’ibitaramo ndetse no kutaba ibifura ngo barakazwe n’ibiganiro birimo inganzo 

    y’ubuse. 

    II.3. Umwandiko: Ukwibyara
    1. Ukwibyara gutera ababyeyi ineza,
    Batambira b’ineza,
    Munozandagano wa Nsana ya Buhanzi,
    Mukuva iwa Nyamuhanza,
    5. Muhanuzi wadutsindiraga amahano,
    Muhumuza, Umuhozi
    Waturiha ibyo yagurwa i Kiganda
    Kigeli cya Ngerekera.
    Uko muturuka isoko imwe,
    10. Ni ko musangiye ingeso.

    Muri Imisumba yo ku Rusumamigezi

    Kwa Gisanura amasugi yanyu
    Azira igisasa.
    Mwarashatse birabakundira,
    15. Mumera amaboko arabakamira
    Inka mukoye mu Byaguka
    Zitugwiriza imihana
    Imfura nzima isubiza ku izina rya se,
    Basanganizwa b’impundu.
    20. Yakura impuha
    Mpangarijekure
    Ya Mwuhirakare we, Mukanganwa
    Yari yagishiye i Bunyambo Nyarume;
    Rumeza nyiri uburezi
    25. Buzamagana amacwa,
    Aca inka mo amaziri,
    Mazina ya Gasenga
    Adusendera imisaka ya Rusenge
    Mwahonotse mwese.
    30. Kurya mucurwa n’inyundo ziramye
    Muri abarenzi
    Bo mu mirinzi ya Cyarubazi
    Abanyakirima muzira icyangwe mu minwe
    Mwameze ibiganza bitatugwabiza
    35. Mugira amaguru atugabira
    Abagabe b’i Ruganda
    Mwitwa ingendutsi
    Mwatubereye imbyeyi n’imazi,
    Muri abami b’akamazi
    40. Tuzi icyo mwamaze.
    Muri imanzi z’uburezi
    Muri ibirezi byamye i Buriza na Buremera
    Muri abaremere b’i Tanda
    Muri abature b’i Tenda
    45. Muri abo ku isi itengerana
    Ku Rutambamitavu,
    Muri intwari zitarutana,
    Muri bene iteka ritahava,
    Muri bene umutungo mwiza
    50. Mwaraduhatse muraturemaza,
    Mutwubakira amarembo y’intungane
    Tubita inturarwanda
    Nta byikamize urakimana
    Wadukamiye amata angana imvura,
    55. Ntitugira umuvuro
    Tubyuka dusenga
    Ugasukiranya urugwiro
    Sango, ba so na ba sogokuru,
    Bakwangiye isange
    60. Ngo abazakwanga
    Uzabakuze umusanzu n’umuganda,
    Abagusigaranye imbuto n’intanga
    Bakuraze izi ntarama
    Zo ku Rutambamyato
    65. No ku Rutambabiru
    Kwa Matungiro mu Ntaho ndende
    Data Cyilima nyiri Ikinguge
    Kigirira cyo mu nzeru,
    Mazina yarakwigeze
    70. Ngo urabe mugenzi we
    Ngo uzarasanire ingoma nka we,
    Uzagabe nka Gisanura,
    Uzadusubiranye uko wadusanze
    Ny’ebisu by’emisango
    75. Umugabekazi waduhekeye
    Aduhaka nk’umugabo
    Ntidusunikwa mu rugo rwa Mudasobwa
    Yadutunze nka Nyiratunga
    Nacuriye n’amahari
    80. Nzi ko mutazacibwa inka:
    Duhorana inshungu,
    Mucana umuriro utazima
    Muri inzungu za Bwima
    N’iwa Bwagiro ku Buyumbu.
    85. Nimugarishye mwaraganje
    Mwagagaze mukuze uruharo
    Umwami uhawe uruharo
    Arwigiza imbere.
    Mwambereye igisaga
    90. Ntimugira igisasa, Mbasenge:
    CYILIMA I RUGWE
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze
    95. Nabanze Muhongerwa
    Muhoranampongano
    Buhoro buzira igihunga
    Buhatsi bw’impundu n’imposha,
    Samukuru wa Samukondo
    100. Mukozi wa Rugwizabisiza
    Nyamugisha
    Wandururaga imigisha y’abandi bami
    Yasanze bahinze arasarura.
    KIGELI I MUKOBANYA
    Mukobanya ni we mukuru
    105. Na we musenge musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze
    Nabanze mugabo mu nka
    Nyirazo azirimo
    110. Bazigama ingoma
    Bazigura se ku ngoma,
    Bazindukira intambara
    Bitambara nyiri urutete
    Uwatanyaga umunyabutatu
    115. Umushi yatambitse ingabo mu nzira
    Mumuhe rugari atambe imyato
    Mumuhe agasongoro k’ubugabo
    Agira uMusanago w’ingoma
    Mu Musanadura yaraharindiye
    120. Arinduza Umugoyi.

    MIBAMBWE I SEKARONGORO I MUTABAZI
    Gisamamfuke, umurasanyi
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze.
    125. Nabanze Mabarabiri
    Nkovu imbere, Mbogoye
    Nyiri imbuga mu mbone
    Rutsinda, nyiri urutsike
    Rwatuviramo urutsiro
    130. Adutsindira inzimu
    Kizimiza, Nzogoma
    Rugasira rwarasanaga mu nka za se.
    Amahindu azihungiye
    Arazihumbiririza
    135. Rutukuzandoro, umwami w’intwari
    Mumuhaye ubugabo
    Mumuhingure ingoma
    Mu murongo uje
    Yarwaniye Nyamurunga.
    YUHI II GAHIMA
    140. Gahima, Mihayo y’ingoma
    Na we musenge musagurire,
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze
    Nabanze wa Mukundwa
    145. Wa Mukomeza w’inkuna
    Wa mwami wo mu Makungu
    Mutoramakungu, Rwinkindi
    Nkomyerume ya Misaya
    Wadusendera inkundwakazi ya Nkozurugendo
    150. Uwo ni inyamibwa mu ntwari
    Zamuhaye ubutware
    Zimuterekaho imfizi ya Bicaniro
    Ngo azabacira imihigo.
    NDAHIRO II CYAMATARE
    Nshe abami urubanza
    155. Mbasenge bose
    Na we musenge, musagurire,
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze,
    Nabanze Bugiri, umwigire,
    160. Wagira ingoma z’ingombe
    Ngo afite umugombozi.
    Atanga ibyo atunze
    Atega ibizaza ngo azigire Ndoli
    165. Ndahiro aruhira
    Ngo Rubyukiranyangoma nabyukire,
    Nabyukuruka yinikize inka
    Zitaretsa ntiziranze
    Ngo yaziziburiye imoko.
    RUGANZU II NDOLI
    170. Kibabarira, wa mwami
    Watugirira ibambe.
    Avuye iw’abandi
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    175. Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Gacamukanda
    Bicuba, umuci w’inzigo
    Nyabuzima, umuzimurura
    W’ibyari byazimiye;
    180. Umuzahura w’ibyo asanze
    Nyamushinga aturasanira ubutazadushira,
    Yica abanzi barashira.
    Cyungura umwami wo ku Cyuma
    Azanye Cyubahiro
    185. Yitwa Kihabugabo.
    Karuhura we yarushwa ate
    Ko yahoreye se ashishikaye,
    Ingabo ye akayagagaza mu Bugara?

    Umuganda akawigiza mu rumira

    190. Bagabo aho mutaragera
    Uwo mugabo mwamugera nde?
    MUTARA I NSORO II SEMUGESHI
    Ngabo yica ingome
    Na we musenge musagurire
    195. Mumuhe urubanza
    Nabanze Rwirabanzarwe
    Wa mwami w’i Buziga, Nzogera
    Wa mwami w’i Butazika, Nyonga,
    Nyiri inyumba, Munyundo.
    200. Nyunga ya Ruganzu
    Wa mwami wahabwa Karinga
    Akayambika karindwi
    Mirindi shebuja wa Nyamiringa,
    Ruyenzi rwasiye
    205. Isugi yo mu Byanganzara
    Ntimwamuzimba ubugabo
    KIGELI II NYAMUHESHERA
    Bugabo burimo ubugongo
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza,
    210. Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Umwami w’i Shunga
    Nyiri ishya ry’inka n’ingoma
    Nyiri ingabo itagwabiza Mucuzi
    Nyiri icumu ryica Abahunde
    215. Nyiri iminyago cumi
    Yari acaniye
    Imbere ya Bwambaramigezi
    Mudasongerwa ari ku isonga y’ingabo
    Muhundwa ingoma yahawe
    220. Yarayihunze ayinyagira ibihumbi.
    MIBAMBWE II SEKARONGORO II GISANURA
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza,
    Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Nyamugenza
    225. Umwamiw’i Muganza,
    Rugabishamaguru
    Maboko atanga atagabanya
    Bwobabuke, Bwanzabuke,
    Burega bwa Mutima,
    230. Yari atetse imbere ya Mwumba
    Cyubahiro amahanga yamutinyiye ubugabo
    Ubwo akangiye icyanya
    Cyanwa azanye ikeyi
    Inkoni zimwasa agahama.
    YUHI III MAZIMAPAKA
    235. Gashirabwoba wa mwami
    Mukuraho ubushongore n’ubushami
    Na we musenge, musagurire,
    Mumuhe urubanza
    Mureke abanze.
    240. Nabanze Kamarampaka, Mudahakana
    Muhakanaguhonga
    Muhanankamwa
    Mukanza, Umwami w’Abakaraza
    Yakandagiye Nyiri i Nkoma
    245. Yamwikoreje
    Amukura ku ngoma
    Ngo mbahe yari yubatse
    Mu bitwa bya Muhima
    Umuhinza wari uhanze
    250. Yuhi aramuhangamura.
    CYILIMA II RUJUGIRA
    Ruhungurabirwa,
    Ruhakamiryango
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    255. Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Rwezamariba
    Murerampabe, Bihubi
    Ruhugukira mbare rwa Kibonwa
    Wa mwami wa Gisanura na Gisago
    260. Rusagurirandekezi
    Mutazimbwa yica Mazuba
    Arimburirako inzigo
    Muzigirwa, ibindi bihugu
    Yabizimbye ubugabo
    265. Abizingazingira rimwe.
    KIGELI III NDABARASA
    Ya ntwari y’igisaga, sogokuru,
    Se w’ababyazi bawe bombi
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza
    270. Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Nyemazi
    Rwemarika rwa Munyagampenzi
    Watunyagira impenda
    I Bugabe bwa Muruzi
    275. Uruzi izi ngoma zigeze ku ijana
    Abakoni barakuya
    Iminyago ya Rusumbamitwe
    Ntizirava inyuma
    Iza Mirego ya Bugabo.
    MIBAMBWE MUTABAZI SENTABYO
    280. Rugababihumbi
    Na we musenge, musagurire
    Mumuhe urubanza,
    Mureke abanze
    Nabanze Ruhanga rutsinda amahanga,
    285. Umudahinyuka, Umutanguha
    Mutambisha batimbo
    Mutandi wa Birasana
    Sabuhanzi, Umuhangurabashonji
    Buriza burese ubugabo
    290. Yahanuye Nsoro,
    Atunyagira inka i Bwongera,
    Yongeramo n’izo mu Bugote
    N’izo yavana mu Bwiriri
    Bwimba bwa Misakura.
    YUHI IV GAHINDIRO
    295. Sohoringoma so wawe
    Na we musenge musagurire,
    Mumuhe urubanza,
    Mureke abanze.
    Nabanze Zingazinywe
    300. Shoza yuhire,
    Rwuhanyanzira
    Mazina, Maza
    Yica Nyiri u Buzi
    Nyina amuzana ko mpiri
    305. Abo bahinza yabateyemo umukenya
    Ntawacaniye
    Ntawasize akana,
    Yuhi abacukuza umuriro
    Micomyiza umuci w’inkamba
    310. Umurasanira w’ingoma
    Yayanganiye n’amahari
    Ayinyagira amahanga
    Aho yaherewe iminyago irishya.
    MUTARA II RWOGERA
    315. Aho ga nawe Nsoro mu bo nsenga
    Sinagusiga inyuma!
    Uri Biyamiza mu nzoza,
    Ruziga, nyiri ibizinzo by’inka
    Nyiri inkoni za Rusugi na Rusanga
    320. Ushubije ku gihe cya Ruyenzi:
    Ko wandikiye ubutwari
    Ukiri muto
    Ukaba uhotoye uruti
    Ukiri umutavu
    325. Nugera mu za bukuru
    Wabaye ubukombe 
    Serukiramapfa
    Amahanga atagukeje kare
    Azagukirira he?
    330. Kavunanka
    Ugumye uvunye unyumvire
    Wumve ayo nkuvuga
    Nkwiture ineza!
    N’ingoma yawe yandajeho umuzindu
    335. Ngo karekare
    Bakurire umwami ubwatsi
    Umwogabyano ahaye Rwogera
    Sinijanye, sinabajije
    Ineza yawe intaha mu nda
    340. Ababuzaga ge nari namenye
    Ge wagusanganiye
    Nsusurutse, Sango
    Ndora usagurira rubanda rwawe
    Ko amatwi yumva byiza,
    345. Ko amaso abera kubona!
    Ge wasanze ingoro y’Umwami
    Isetse, isusurutse
    Isa n’ingwa yera!
    Nsanga Umwami mu ijabiro
    350. Ari umutaho w’ijuru
    Atamuye inzobe
    Asa na Nzobe ikeye
    Burakenkemura
    Ngira imandwa nari nsanganywe
    355. Ngira n’izo nshubije ku mutwe
    Iyo myishywa ndayitambana
    Sinatendwa mu mbare
    Ubu Rukanira ntungire urukara
    Winyita impezi
    360. Sindi uwo guhera
    Winkeka ubutati
    Sinagaye umutungo w’umwami!
    Ni uruharo rwambereye ikibuza!
    Amage yo guhora mpingiriza arantinza
    365. Isuka yinkura ku ngeso
    Nimumburane!
    Amaganya ntabangikana n’amagambo y’Imana!
    Wandinze iyi manga,
    Mana ibamburwa n’izindi
    370. Imana yamaze amazinda
    Nzigama ikoro ryawe
    Nzi ko ndi umunyarukano
    Nzigama n’impuhwe zawe
    Zirimo urukundo n’urukumbuzi rwinshi
    375. Bukombe bwa Mukanza
    N’ubwo natebye
    Sinatakaje imbare yawe
    Sinata umwanya
    Ntiwandobanuye mu nyuma
    380. Mu mbare ndi uw’imbere
    Ndi umupfumu wa Nyamurorwa
    Mpora nkwereza nkaburengwa
    Abo turata narabarushije
    Abahayi b’ishyanga narabahojeje
    385. Ngira impaka Umwami umpatse,
    Mpakanya Rubyutsa
    Ikinyoma kiramuhera
    Umurundi twahize
    Yuhi anshira imihigo
    390. Mutimbuzi Nyiri i Ntora
    Yica Mutaga,
    Intiti zo kwa Mutaga ndazitetereza.
    Nihanure amahanga
    Nyabwire rwose ntazampaka
    395. Sinakwisunga amahari
    Narakeje Yuhi akankundira
    Ni cyo banzirira
    Ngo mpora mbaca urusa
    Rwo kubaca urutsi. 
    400. Nzi ko barindiye ku busa
    Urabahungure ubuhake
    Izo mpezabwoko
    Ntibagira amavu
    Ntibagira amajyo
    405. Ntibagira imbuto izaberera
    Bararumbije
    Bokamwe n’umuvumo n’umwikomo,
    Yuhi abakomye ku ngoma
    Nshe abami urubanza.
    410. Nicariye inkoni
    Nkomere nkomereho
    Ndagiye imfizi itari ubwoba
    Iziri ubwoba zirayihunga
    Iziyishyamiye irazishyambya
    415. Irashyira ku mutima zigatemba
    Imfizi ya Kirira
    Yarazuriye irazirambika
    Biru b’imirama
    Muhimbye imiriri
    420. Muvugirize imirenge
    Turamye iyi ngoma yacu
    Yagomoroje imihana
    Mbasenge mwese,
    Mbasobanure, murasigiye
    425. Ntimuvuka igisumbane
    Muri Abagabe b’i Bukomasinde na Busakarirwa
    Ngizo impundu mbahaye
    Nzihaye abageni b’i Ngange
    No mu Bugamba n’Abanyakayanza
    430. No mu Nyazi za Kavumu
    Zatubyariye Imfizi n’insumba
    Mugasanura iyi miryango
    Mpumurize Nyamarembo
    Induba nzivuze

    435. Nzigeze i Butara kwa Nyirantare,
    N’iwa Ntagawe, mu mirinzi ya Kinyoni,
    Muragahorana uruyundo
    Rubyara izi nyonga
    Izi nyundo zejeje imana
    440. Ko muhora mubyarira ingoma
    Mukazayibyirurira.

    Bifatiye ku byavuye mu gitabo k’Ikinyarwanda, umwaka wa Gatandatu, 2008, urup. 18-24


    Soma umwandiko “Ukwibyara”, ushakemo amagambo udasobanukiwe 
    hanyuma uyasobanure ukurikije inyito afite mu mwandiko wifashishije 
    inkoranyamagambo. 

     

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Ukwibyara” hanyuma usubize ibibazo 
    byawubajijweho.
    1. Umwami uvugwa ku mukarago wa gatandatu ni nde? Kuki uwo mwami 
    bamwita umuhozi?
    2. Iyo usomye igisigo “Ukwibyara” kuva ku mukarago wa mbere kugeza ku 
    wa mirongo kenda wumva havugwamo iki?
    3. Mu mwandiko bagaragaza ko ari iki cyatumye Mibambwe II Sekarongoro 
    II Gisanura bamwita Rugabishabirenge? Byerekanwa n’uwuhe 
    mukarago?
    4. Ni iki umusizi avuga ko yazigamiye umwami wari wimye ingoma?
    5. Ni iki umusizi avuga cyatumye atinda gutambira ishimwe Umwami?
    6. Muri iki gisigo hari aho bavuga akamaro k’umugore, bigaragaza ko kera 
    umugore yahabwaga agaciro. Andika imikarago ivugwamo abagore, 
    maze uvuge abo bagore bavugwaga.

    

    Ongera usome umwandiko “Ukwibyara” hanyuma usubize ibibazo bikurikira:
    Urugero rw’ibibazo n’ibisubizo byanogejwe:
    1. Ukurikije ibivugwa ku bami batandukanye, vuga umwami wagushimishije 
    kurusha abandi n’impamvu yagushimishije.
    2. “Ukwibyara gutera ababyeyi ineza”. Sobanura uyu mukarago werekeza 
    ku muco nyarwanda hanyuma utange n’urugero rw’umugani 
    w’umugenurano wemeza igisubizo utanze.
    3. Mukore ubushakashatsi ku mateka abafasha gusobanura igisigo 
    “Ukwibyara” mugaragaze ubwoko bw’igisigo, umuhanzi wacyo n’ibindi 
    bisigo yaba yarahanze.
    4. Ni iki umusizi ashima muri rusange abami bavugwa mu gisigo 

    “Ukwibyara”? Bihuriye he n’ibikwiye gukorwa mu buzima busanzwe?

    Mwungurane ibitekerezo ku ngingo z’amateka zikurikira zo mu gisigo: 
    “Ukwibyara”.
    Ingingo z’amateka zo mu gisigo: “Ukwibyara”.
    Imwe mu mikarago y’igisigo “Ukwibyara” n’amateka ayirimo.
    1. Waturiha ibyo yagurwa i Kiganda Kigeli cya Ngerekera 
    (umukarago 7-8): Biributsa ko Nyirangabo nyina wa Ndahiro wa II 
    Cyamatare wari umugabekazi, abaja be n’abandi bagore bafatiwe mu Rubi 
    rw’inyundo (i Kiganda) bakicwa urubozo. Kuva ubwo aho biciwe hitwa “Mu 
    miko y’abakobwa”.
    2. Mpangarije kure (...) Yari yagishiye i Bunyambo Nyarume 
    (umukarago 21, 23): Uvugwa aha ni Ruganzu II Ndoli. Mu mateka 
    biributsa ko Ruganzu II Ndoli yari yarahungishirijwe i Karagwe kwa Karemera 
    I Ndagara umugabo wa nyirasenge Nyabunyana. Icyo gihe Nsibura Nyebunga 
    yari yayogoje u Rwanda,
    Ndahiro II Cyamatare se wa Ruganzu II Ndoli aricwa ndetse n’ingoma Rwoga 
    iranyagwa.
    3. Nyamugisha wandururaga imigisha y’abandi bami, Yasanze 
    bahinze arasarura (umukarago 101-102): 

    Uvugwa aha ni Cyilima I Rugwe. Cyilima I Rugwe yari yaragurije umugeni 
    uzatuma agira amahirwe akanakomera. Bamuraguriye Nyanguge ya Sagashya 
    Umwami w’u Bugufi maze asanga yarasabwe na Nsoro I Bihembe Umwami 
    w’u Bugesera. Ubwo bamugiriye inama yo kuzakora uko ashoboye kugira ngo 
    abe ari we umurongora mbere. Ubwo yashatse ubucuti kuri Nsoro Bihembe 
    abifashwamo n’umukono witwa Nkima wari utuye i Nyamweru, mwene wabo 
    wa rwihishwa. Nsoro yabanye na Nyanguge ariko yaratewe inda na Cyilima 
    I Rugwe. Nyanguge ageze igihe cyo kubyara inda y’uburiza yacitse Nsoro 
    Bihembe asanga Cyilima I Rugwe. Iyo nda yavutsemo Kigeli I Mukobanya, 
    wazunguye Cyilima I Rugwe.
    4. Nabanze mugabo mu nka nyirazo azirimo (umukarago 108-
    109): biributsa ko Kigeli I Mukobanya se Cyilima I Rugwe yamuraze ingoma 
    ku mugaragaro igihe yari amaze kwica Murinda wategekaga hakurya ya 
    Nyabarongo. Icyo gihe ni bwo Cyilima I Rugwe yahaye Mukobanya izina rya 
    Kigeli.
    5. Bazindukira intambara Bitambara nyiri urutete (umukarago 111- 
    112): Kigeli I Mukobanya yari umunyentambara. Yagabye ibitero byinshi: 
    Yateye Nkuba ya Nyabakonjo wari utuye i Jabana rya Kabuye n’i Nyamisanga 
    ya Jari, atera Kigina watwaraga mu Buriza atera Sambwe rya Cyabugimbi 
    watwaraga u Bumbogo n’u Busigi, anatera Ruyenzi na Kinyambi.
    6. Uwatanyaga umunyabutatu Umushi yatambitse ingabo mu nzira 
    (umukarago 114-115)
    : Umushi uvugwa nanone ni Mulinda wishwe na 
    Kigeli I Mukobanya.
    7. Nabanze Mabarabiri Nkovu imbere, Mbogoye Nyiri imbuga mu 
    mbone (umukarago 125-127): Uvugwa muri iyo mikarago ni Mibambwe 
    I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi wakomeretse mu gahanga mu gitero Abanyoro 
    bateye mu Rwanda maze amaraso agashoka, akagira amabara abiri, 
    iry’umubiri n’iry’amaraso. Yagize inkovu mu gahanga kubera kuraswa, bivuga 
    ko batamurashe ahunga. Muri icyo gitero Mibambwe I yagerageje kwitabaza 
    u Bugesera, i Gisaka n’i Nduga ariko ibyo bihugu byanga kumutabara. 
    Mibambwe ahitamo guhungana n’ingabo, abaturage ndetse n’amatungo. 
    Yahungiye mu Bushi kuri ubu ni Bukavu. Mibambwe I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi 
    n’ abantu be bahungutse bumvise ko Cwa I, Umwami w’Abanyoro yatanze.
    8. Nkomyurume ya Misaya: Nkomyurume ni Yuhi II Gahima 
    Wadusendera inkundwakazi ya Nkozurugendo (umukarago 148-

    149): inkundwakazi ivugwa hano ni Shetsa wari umugore wa Mibambwe 
    I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi. Yari yaramukundwakaje cyane maze bimutera 
    kwigira igishegabo kugera ubwo yategetse umwami ko banywana kandi 
    bitabaho, ahubwo ari ukugira ngo umuhungu we Hondi azabe ari we uragwa 
    ingoma. Mibambwe I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi I abibonye atyo yashatse undi 
    mugore rwihishwa ari we Matama ya Bigega w’i Buha, umusizi yita Misaya. 
    Yamutungiye kure ya Shetsa ariko abiziranyeho n’abiru. Matama rero ni we 
    wabyaye Gahima. Mibambwe yaje gutanga Shetsa n’urubyaro rwe baricwa.
    9. Wagira ingoma z’ingombe (umukarago 160): Uyu mukarago 
    uributsa ko Ndahiro II Cyamatare yagize ubwami burimo ibibazo byinshi: 
    Abavandimwe be Bamara, Juru, Bwimba, Karangane, Mutezi, na Binama 
    wari waravutse kwa Samukende, Umwami w’i Bungwe barwaniye ingoma 
    banga kuyoboka Ndahiro wa II Cyamatare, u Rwanda rucikamo ibice 
    bibiri: Juru yigarurira igice cyo hakurya ya Nyabarongo (u Buriza), naho 
    uburengerazuba buyoboka Ndahiro II Cyamatare. Juru amaze gupfa, kimwe 
    na Mutezi na Bwimba, Bamara ashaka gusimbura uwo Juru. Kugira ngo 
    abigereho, yiyemeza gutatira abavandimwe, yitabaza Nsibura Nyebunga, 
    Umwami w’umushi wari umaze kwigarurira Ijwi. Nsibura Nyebunga yateye u 
    Rwanda Ndahiro II Cyamatare ari ku ngoma, urugamba rukomeye ruremera 
    i Gitarama. Ingoma y’Ingabe Rwoga iranyagwa. Ndahiro II Cyamatare agwa 
    ahitwa Rugara amaze kwambuka umugezi wa Kibirira aho bise i Rubi rw’i 
    Nyundo.
    10. Watugirira ibambe, avuye iw’abandi (umukarago 171-1710): 
    Ruganzu II Ndoli yimye ingoma avuye i Karagwe kwa nyirasenge Nyabunyana 
    aho yari yarahungishirijwe.
    11. Nyabuzima, umuzimurura w’ibyari byazimiye (umukarago 178-
    179): Biributsa ko Ruganzu II Ndoli ari we wahanze ingoma y’ingabe Karinga 
    ngo isimbure Rwoga yari yaratwawe na Nsibura Nyebunga umushi.
    12. Nyabuzima, umuzimurura w’ibyari byazimiye; Umuzahura w’ibyo 
    asanze (umukarago 178-180):
    Bavuga ko Ndahiro II Cyamatare amaze 
    gutanga, amapfa yateye, imvura ikanga kugwa, inka zikanga kubyara, inkoko 
    zikanga guturaga. Ruganzu II Ndoli ageze mu Gihugu imvura yaraguye, inka 
    zirabyara, imbyeyi ziravumera, imfizi zirivuga, inkoko ziraturaga. Ni we 
    wagaruye ubuzima mu Gihugu.
    13. Ko yahoreye se ashishikaye Ingabo ye akayagagaza mu Bugara? 
    (umukarago 187-188): Igitero cya mbere cya Ndoli ni icyo yagabye 
    i Bunyabungo kwa Nsibura Nyebunga ahorera se Ndahiro II Cyamatare. 
    Yahereye ku mpugu z’umweya w’i Kivu uteganye n’Ijwi nyuma na ryo 
    ararinesha. Icyo gihe yishe Nsibura Nyebunga Umwami w’u Bunyabungo 
    ahorera se atyo. Ruganzu II Ndoli ntiyarekeye aho, yarakomeje atera Nzira 
    ya Muramira Umwami w’u Bugara wari waratabaye Nsibura atera Ndahiro. 
    Amaze kwica Nzira ni bwo abasizi bamwise izina rya Cyambarantama, 
    kigaruriye u Bugara. Yateye abami b’igihugu cy’u Buhoma cyategekwaga 
    n’ Ababanda b’abahinza. Icyo gihugu yagihinduye umusaka, anyaga 
    inka, abagore n’abana. Ingoma y’ingabe yabo Nkandagiyabagome na yo 
    arayinyaga, ingoma y’u Buhoma izima ityo. Ibyo bitero byose Ruganzu II 
    Ndoli yagabye yabifatanyije n’ingabo ze zitwa Ibisumizi. Amateka avuga ko 
    Ruganzu II Ndoli ari we mwami wa mbere watangiye kugaba ibitero byinshi 
    byo kwagura Igihugu.
    14. Nabanze rwirabanzarwe (umukarago 196): Uyu mukarago uributsa 
    ko ba Mutara bari abami b’inka, ni bo bakoraga umuhango w’ubwiru w’Inzira 
    y’ishora.
    15. Wa Mwami wahabwa Karinga: Akayambika karindwi 
    (umukarago 201-202): Biributsa ko Mutara I Nsoro II Semugeshi ari we 
    wanyaze Abenengwe igihugu k’i Bungwe. Icyo gihe u Bungwe bwari bugizwe 
    n’u Busanza bw’amagepfo, u Bufundu, Nyaruguru, Bashumba, Nyakare, u 
    Buyenzi.
    16. Nyiri icumu ryica Abahunde (umukarago 214): ibi biributsa ko Kigeli 
    II Nyamuheshera yateye u Buhunde akabuvogera.
    17. Nyiri iminyago cumi (umukarago 215): ibi biributsa ko mu minyago 
    y’ibitero bya Kigeli II Nyamuheshera hatarimo inka gusa; hajemo n’ihene 
    zari ndende cyane zisumba izari zisanzwe mu Rwanda. Izo hene yazizanye 
    ibwami baziha umushumba bazita n’izina “Akamenesho.” Mu minyago 
    hajemo n’ibishyimbo bivuye i Bushengere ho muri Kigezi. Ibyo bishyimbo 
    byasimbuye ibiharo. Mu mateka kandi Kigeli II Nyamuheshera afatanyije 
    n’ingabo ze zitwa Inkingi yabaye umurwanyi cyane.Yaguye u Rwanda 
    yigarurira uturere twinshi: Kinyaga cya Bukunzi na Busozo; u Bwanacyambwe 
    bwari bwarajyanywe n’i Gisaka.
    18. Rugabishamaguru Maboko atanga atagabanya (umukarago 
    256-127): Umwami Mibambwe II Sekarongoro II Gisanura azwiho kugira 
    ubwitonzi, kugira ubuntu, guha amata abakene begereye ibwami. Azwiho 
    no kuba umucamanza utabera kandi wangaga ibihano bidakwiriye umuntu.
    19. Ubwo akangiye icyanya Cyanwa azanye ikeyi Inkoni zimwasa 
    agahama (umukarago 232-234): Iyi mikarago iributsa ko Ntare III 
    Kivimira w’i Burundi yigeze gutera u Rwanda ari kumwe n’abantu bake 
    agashaka kunyaga inka ziragiwe n’uwitwaga Rugaju. Icyo gihe Rugaju 
    yamukubise inkoni ku gakanu yitura hasi. Ibyo Rugaju yakoze umusizi 
    abyitirira Mibambwe II Sekarongoro II Gisanura.
    20. Mukuraho ubushongore n’ubushami (umukarago 236): Yuhi III 
    Mazimpaka yabaye ikirangirire bitewe n’ubwiza bwe.
    21. Yakandagiye Nyiri i Nkoma Yamwikoreje (umukarago 244-245): 
    mu mateka Yuhi III Mazimpaka yishe Ntare III Kivimira, Umwami w’i Nkoma 
    (i Burundi).
    22. Mutazibwa yica Mazuba (umukarago 261): Mu mateka, ingabo 
    za Cyilima II Rujugira zishe Umwami w’i Burundi Mutaga II Sebitungwa, 
    zamutsinze i Nkanda (mu Karere ka Nyaruguru). Icyo gihe hari hakiri ah’u 
    Burundi; ni na ho hari umurwa wa Mutaga III Sebitungwa.
    23. Watunyagira impenda i Bugabe bwa Muruzi (umukarago 273-
    274): Twabonye ko impenda ari inka nyinshi. Mu mateka, iyo mikarago 
    iratwibutsa ko Kigeli Ndabarasa yateye i Bugande, mu Ndorwa anyagayo 
    inka nyinshi ndetse aturayo.
    24. Yahanuye Nsoro Atunyagira inka i Bwongera, Yongeramo 
    n’izo mu Bugote N’izo yavana mu Bwiriri (umukarago 290-

    293): Mibambwe Mutabazi Sentabyo yazinyaze Nsoro IV Nyamugeta. 
    Rukombamazi n’iyo mfizi ni byo byarangaga ubwami bw’i Bugesera. Muri 
    ibyo bihe Nsoro Nyamugeta yabanje guhungira i Gisaka kwa Kimenyi IV 
    Getura. Bari bafitanye isano. Nyuma yashatse kugaruka n’ingabo ze ngo 
    yigarurire igihugu ke ariko ntibyamuhira kuko yafashwe akicwa. Icyo gihe ni 
    bwo u Bugesera bwegamye burundu ku Rwanda ariko igice cy’amagepfo y’u 
    Bugesera Ntare IV Rugamba w’i Burundi yari yaragifashe, kikanahera gityo.
    25. Nabanze zingazinywe shoza yuhire (umukarago 299-300): 
    Biributsa ko ba Yuhi ari abami b’inka.
    26. Yica Nyiri u Buzi Nyina amuzana aho mpiri (umukarago 303-304): 
    Biributsa ko Yuhi IV Gahindiro yishe Karinda umutegeka w’u Buzi, agahugu 
    ko mu Buhunde mu majyaruguru y’ikiyaga cya Kivu maze nyina Nyirakarinda 
    akamuzana mu minyago ari muzima.
    27. Abo bahinza yabateyemo umukenya Yayanganiye n’amahari 
    (umukarago 305, 311): Mu mateka, Gatarabuhura wari mwene se wa 
    Sentabyo yohereje intumwa ngo zice Yuhi IV Gahindiro ngo ahereko yime 
    mu Rwanda; ubwo Sentabyo yari amaze gutanga maze umwiru Rusuka 
    aramuhungisha. Uyu Gatarabuhura yari yarigometse kuri Sentabyo amaze 
    kwima ashaka gufata ubutegetsi ariko ntibyamuhira ahungira i Burundi. 
    Ikindi amateka atubwira kuri Yuhi IV Gahindiro ni uko yimye ari muto se 
    Sentabyo amaze gutanga maze ategekerwa na nyina Nyiratunga.
    28. Ko wandikiye ubutwari ukiri muto Ukaba uhotoye uruti ukiri 
    umutavu ( umukarago 321-324): Biributsa ko Mutara II Rwogera yimye 
    akiri muto. Icyo gihe ni bwo u Rwanda rwagabye igitero i Burundi kiswe 
    “Igitero cya Rwagetana”(kugeta bivuga gutema ugakuraho). U Rwanda 
    rwayoborwaga n’umugabekazi Nyiramavugo Nyiramongi. Ariko igitero 
    kitiriwe Mutara II Rwogera.
    29. Mpumurize Nyamarembo: Nyamarembo uvugwa hano ni nyina wa Yuhi 
    III Mazimpaka Nyirayuhi III Nyiramarembo. Uyu Nyirayuhi III yari umukono. 
    Yicishije abana b’umwami babiri b’impanga, bituma umuhungu we atanga 
    itegeko ryo kurimbura Abakono. Nyamarembo na we ubwe yariyahuye. 
    Umusizi arahumuriza Abakono ababwira ko na bo bazakomeza kubyara 

    abami.

    II.4. Ibisigo nyabami

    II.4.1. Inshoza, ibiranga ibisigo nyabami n’amako yabyo.